1.5-5m tall. Salish people eat the berries.
Introduced species. Yellow flowers when bloomed. 3 leaflets near the base of the branches. Common in open and disturbed sites. Shrub. Low elevation.
Needles are in bundles of 5. Skinny, long needles.
The hanging red flowers are called "Catkins". Can hold the highest number of species
Flat when lack of sunlight; needles go horizontally
Tree trunks; furs are more consistently flat;vertical cracks on the truck;3-spiked things in the cone; egg-shaped cones. Barks reddish brown. Lowland to mid-elev.
Very sensitive to air pollution.
Shiny leaves. Habitat: deep moist forests.
Habitat: mossy rocks, decaying wood, soil.