This lichen is variable in color on bottom ranging from black, brown, or white. It is pollution tolerant.
Hypogymnia imshaugii, a pollution tolerant lichen. The cups at ends are the sexual organs, they produce spores. The inflated lobes are hallow and white inside.
The flower is underneath the leaves. Leaves are waxy. Break a leaf in half and take a whiff; it smells strongly of ginger.
Tumwater Campground, picnic area, near river. We lifted up a large piece of bark on a fallen over tree near the river that many uses as a seating area. There were many decomposers present including this interesting worm-like organism. It has an orange body for the most part with a bright red head. It measured about half an inch and moved slow. I actually think this might be a larva of an organism. The wood where it was found was moist and "spongy" although the surrounding temperature was in the high 70s.
Only present in eastern Washington in abundance. The lime green color is caused by a compound called vulpinic acid; a toxin used to kill wolves.
Tumwater Campground, picnic area, next to river. These holes covered most of the area, but were quite difficult to notice. The "hill" is about 1-2 inches in diameter with the hole in the middle around 1/8 of an inch. I cannot identify what kind of ants these hills belong to although I am guessing the species of ant is medium in size. There were actually not many ants visible when was there.