December 23, 2016

The dangers of publishing partial taxonomic revisions...

iNat relies on the IUCN RedList as the taxonomic authority for mammals. The downside of taxonomic authorities are that they lag a bit from the primary literature - so maybe we're not quite as up-to-the-minute-informed as we could be about where species boundaries are and what our set of species should be as we could be. But the upside is we have a clear sense of the taxonomic concepts we should be following when we identify species (e.g. lets all agree to call fuzzy brown things from this are this name and fuzzy gray things from over here this other name). All being on the same page when it comes to taxonomic concepts is critical to organize conservation efforts, or inventory efforts like iNaturalist. And I'd argue that its more important that we are all on the same page regarding taxonomy even if our concepts don't represent up-to-the-minute bleeding edge taxonomy in the primary literature.

With that, IUCN during the 2004 Global Mammal Assessment used the current taxonomy that considered the 'Desert Woodrat group' as having five species: Neotoma lepida on the mainland, Neotoma bryanti known only from Cedros Island off Baja CA, and 3 other now extinct Baja Island endemics:

Figure 1.

Enter Patton et al.'s excellent revision in 2014. This study determined that the mainland woodrats, Neotoma lepida (sensu lato), actually should be split into 3 groups: a coastal species, an Arizona species, and the remaining species in between. Re: the former Baja island species, Patton et al. determined that they are all part of the coastal species except rats on Isla Ángel de la Guarda which are their own species. Patton re-used the name N. bryanti (senus lato) for this coastal species, and named the Arizona species N. devia, N. insularis for the Isla Ángel de la Guarda and reused Neotoma lepida (sensu stricto) for the remaining rats:

Figure 2.

What bothers me is that, in my opinion, IUCN should have held updating the RedList until they were ready to revise this entire group. Specifically by updating the existing assessments of N. bryanti and N. lepida, removing N. bunkeri, N. anthonyi, & N. martinensis from the list and adding N insularis and N devia. But what IUCN published in 2016 only included the addition of N. devia without addressing these other species (e.g. N. devia now overlaps with the range of N. lepida):

Figure 3.

Now the RedList gives the impression that N. lepida and N. devia co-occur in Arizona. Perhaps to address this, they yanked the map of N. lepida (sensu lato) but this just adds a lot of confusion making it impossible to understand what they mean by the names N. lepida with regard to the other taxa in the group.

If anyone from the RedList is listening, in my opinion its critical not to only partially incorporate taxonomic revisions into the published RedList. The N. lepida group should have been tackled in its entirety or not at all. In the meantime this puts us here at iNat in an awkward situation. Should we:

1. leave out species coming from our taxonomic authority (specifically N. devia rolling things back to Fig 1.)
2. or should we imply that they meant to incorporate all the revisions from Patton et al. and move things forward to Fig. 2 ahead of the published RedList?
3. or should we follow the Published RedList exactly (Fig. 3) even though it leaves us in an ambiguous state that partially follows Patton et al. in an unclear way?

Posted on December 23, 2016 05:38 PM by loarie loarie | 8 comments | Leave a comment

July 15, 2016

Walking around sapsucker woods (Trip)

walked around sapsucker woods

Posted on July 15, 2016 09:27 AM by loarie loarie | 3 observations | 0 comments | Leave a comment

March 06, 2016

Sister species everywhere!

Today, during the break in the rain, I got my wife to drop me and my daughter off at the back-side of Muir woods with a pick up scheduled at the main entrance while she ran some errands. My main target was Brackenridgia heroldi, my boogie woodlouse. Good news is I found it, bad news is... well I don't want to talk about it.. Was beautiful and moist with wonderful waterfalls and lots of Trichodezia californiata were flying everywhere.

A funny thing about the hike was I saw a lot of pairs of plant species (e.g. two different species in the same genus) which was kind of fun. For example, I found the rarer largeflower fairybells (Prosartes smithii) touching the more common drops-of-gold (Prosartes hookeri)

largeflower fairybells (Prosartes smithii)

drops-of-gold (Prosartes hookeri) with the exerted flower parts

I also saw a Buckbrush (Ceanothus cuneatus) touching blueblossom (Ceanothus thyrsiflorus).

Not touching one another, but I did see a patch of California barberry (Berberis pinnata) at the beginning of the hike up in the mountains and a
Cascade Oregon-grape (Berberis nervosa) near the end deep in the moist redwoods.

Likewise, I saw blooming False Solomon's Seal (Maianthemum racemosum) near the beginning of the hike and Star-flowered Lily-of-the-valley (Maianthemum stellatum) near the end..

And lastly, Pacific trillium (Trillium ovatum) with their stalked flowers were everywhere, but at the end of the hike where it felt alot more coastal I saw one Giant Wakerobin (Trillium chloropetalum) with its sessile flowers.

Pacific trillium (Trillium ovatum) flowers are on a stalk

Giant Wakerobin (Trillium chloropetalum) with sessile flowers

Posted on March 06, 2016 10:50 PM by loarie loarie | 72 observations | 0 comments | Leave a comment

February 29, 2016

Search for the Snow Queen

I just became aware of a plant I'd never heard of before called the Snow Queen from one of @dgreenberger's observations. I thought I'd at least heard of most plants in Marin County if not seen them so I decided to try to track these down today. I followed Doreen Smith's advice on the Marin Native Plants FB page to head to Cataract Falls. Super beautiful, also super crowded with hikers which was kind of surprising given how far it is. Turns out Snow Queen is ridiculously common there. I saw it growing along the road just as I was parking before I even hit the trail and its definitely frequent along the Cataract Falls trail. Along with the Milkmaids, Redwood Sorrel, Anemone's (are we calling these Gray's or Oregons now?), and Pacific Trilliums, plenty of white wildflowers all along the trail.

I turned off the Cataract Trail onto the Helen Markt Trail to get away from all the waterfall traffic and was glad I did because I found the first California Pill Millipede on iNat (actually kind of disappointed though because at first I thought it was the woodlouse Venezillo microphthalmus but its actually a millipede that rolls up in a ball - how crazy is that?). On my way back to the car along the road I found a nice big Chanterelle that I was surprise hadn't been eaten.

Then on the way home I stopped by Azalea Hill to see if anything interesting was blooming on the serpentine. There was a beautiful bloom of Serpentine Spring Beauty and the worlds smallest rattlesnake. I was kind of hoping to see Brownies, which I've seen before but realized I've never iNatted. So I cheated and stopped one more time on the way back at the MMWD Ranger Station to tick them from a population Terry G. had posted before.

Posted on February 29, 2016 12:32 AM by loarie loarie | 61 observations | 3 comments | Leave a comment

February 24, 2016

Steelhead watching

High risk high reward chance of seeing a spawning steelhead in the Russian River paid off today!
My basic approach is to put on a wetsuit and mask and snorkel, run 1/2 mile up the road paralleling Maacama Creek and float back down to where it meets the Russian River looking for Steelhead. I've done this many times over the years, but timing is critical, its always around this time of year (late Feb/early March) but difficult to tell exactly when there will be fish in the Creek/River. This is the first time I've done this with a camera (gopro). And I'm so stoked I was able to take a picture of one of these mysterious visitors of the ocean in time for Fish Week!

Posted on February 24, 2016 05:45 PM by loarie loarie | 1 observations | 11 comments | Leave a comment

February 07, 2016

Minus tide at Duxbury Reef

Some of my friends wanted to go tidepooling, so we had this nice minus tide on the calendar. Lots of kids in tow so hard to cover too much ground or do too much extreme tidepooling, but saw some cool stuff.

This was only my second trip to Duxbury, and the last time I went I didn't go over 'the ridge' to the south so I was determined to get there this time. It was definitely worth it. While there were tons of people near the entrance, almost no one was over the ridge. I was greeted by a nice Great Blue Heron for Heron Week foraging among the tides.
It was weird because there was so much freshwater runoff from all the rain we're getting that the pools were a bit fuller than usual despite the low tide, and annoyingly cloudy. My main mission was to find an octopus for the kids. I succeeded in catching the second one we saw. There was a crazy abundance of Hopkin's Roses and we found a few Hilton's Aeolid. Other than that nothing to out of the ordinary, but it was such a beautiful clear day and was so much fun to splash around in the pools with my one year old, that this was definitely one of my favorite tidepool outings ever.

Posted on February 07, 2016 12:52 AM by loarie loarie | 18 observations | 1 comments | Leave a comment

Early Spring at Mt. Burdell

Went on a late morning hike to Mt. Burdell mainly because I was reminded by Doreen Smith's upcoming Marin CNPS trip that this was a good spot to hit in Early Spring.

My plan was to head straight to the wildflowery spot where I'd been a few times before but I somehow ended up at a different trailhead and got a bit turned around. I ended up first heading up the hill towards Mt. Burdell proper and snooped around in a tiny creek that was full of newts. I also saw some cool fruiting slime molds and a few interesting crickets. Was cool to see Margined Whites flying among the Milkmaids

Next I headed over to the wildflowery area. The Blennosperma were blooming in full force and the Fremont's star lillies were just starting but still a good display. I only saw one blue dick blooming. I didn't make it over to the place where I know Fragrant Fritillary blooms about now. Lots of Cows and horses and lots of Yellow dung flies on the cow paddy's they leave behind. I still think these are beautiful flies considering their name and habit...

Posted on February 07, 2016 12:38 AM by loarie loarie | 24 observations | 0 comments | Leave a comment

January 23, 2016


Went out looking for hawks and newt, found hawks but no newts. Was nice to be reminded that the Bay Area is indeed in the Pacific Northwest (and not Nevada) with all this rain. Fetid Adder's Tongue are up and in Bloom!

Was pouring rain pretty much the whole time but luckily I brought an umbrella.

These steams were bone dry most of the last year - awesome to see them looking so lush

rain stopped for a bit an unsaddled the girl to catch a Ligidium

Posted on January 23, 2016 07:30 PM by loarie loarie | 19 observations | 7 comments | Leave a comment

November 03, 2015

Welcome wagon

I spend alot of time ID'ing other people's obs, but not as much welcoming new people to the site, partially because we don't have good ways to easily search for these new users.

I'm going to try using this journal post as a place to share the URLs of observations made within the last 24 hours that represent the user's first observation. The plan is I'll paste them in daily as comments on this post. And I'll plan to reference this list if I'm feeling like spending some time welcoming new users. Please feel free to join me or pass this post onto other who might want to help.

@tiwane, @carrieseltzer, @sambiology, @joelle I know you've each asked for functionality to try to locate these new users. This will be a poor mans version of it to see whether an welcoming interface for searching for this kind of new content is worth building.

From the last month: (inat) (inat) (MX) (inat) (inat) (inat) (inat)

Posted on November 03, 2015 02:16 PM by loarie loarie | 19 comments | Leave a comment

October 15, 2015

Mission Tylos punctatus

@finatic & @jaykeller, I sadly dipped on my hunt for Tylos punctatus during my 2 hour nature window during yesterday's one day work visit to San Diego.

These are very cool native endangered Oniscideans (woodlice/rollypollys) that barely make it into the US along SoCal beaches north to Capistrano Beach. The crazy thing is since these beaches are so developed they're barely hanging on. This paper describes a study that resurveyed Tylos and another native declining Oniscidean with similar habits Alloniscus perconvexus that ranges up to the Bay Area where I've found it a few times.

On Fig 2a of the paper it looked like Silver Strand Beach to the south and Torrey Pines to the north of San Diego are the last places nearby to see Tylos. I went to Silver Strand because it was nearer, but a more careful read shows that there's actually just one surviving population in the whole 'Silver Strand cell'. I talked to the authors and they confirmed that Torrey Pines is a more reliable place to find these guys (and has the added bonus of also having Alloniscus perconvexus).

Your mission, if you choose to accept it, is to avenge my tragic dip and tick Tylos punctatus in San Diego county on iNat. Sections 2.2 & 2.4 of the paper describe how to find these guys during the day (digging down under wracks ~20cm along the high tide line and looking for a pillbug about the size of your last pinky joint - I can confirm this works for Alloniscus). At night, according to Jonathan Wright who studies these:

"I haven't searched for Tylos in the San Diego area, but they should be common there. Any quieter sandy beach would be good habitat. Torrey Pines State Beach looks promising. Just scan the debris along the strand line from the previous high tide after sundown; I've usually found them when it's completely dark - 1-2h after sunset - and they should be active most of the night. Depending on the beach, you may find Alloniscus much commoner than Tylos or vice versa. I've not been able to differentiate their specific habitat requirements, though they are usually found together. Both are beautiful animals! I've found Tylos in the highest densities at Malibu Beach, though this is near their northern limit, so I suspect the San Diego area might be even better. I do worry, however, about the increasing use of SUVs to patrol beaches and the impact this may have on the populations of both these species. I've not found them in a long stretch of Huntington Beach where such traffic is heavy."

If you guys are successful, I'll commit to a similar Bay Area mission of your choosing...

Happy hunting,


Posted on October 15, 2015 12:09 PM by loarie loarie | 1 observations | 19 comments | Leave a comment
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