Growing under oaks. Note dime for scale.
I'm thnking pawpaw, but the length of the leaf stems seems too long. Opinions?
5 needles to a fascicle, although hard to see in the photo.
I was going to call this A. divaricatus except for the winged leaf stems. A. lowrieanus, perhaps? Are they ever white?
Growing on a dead tree.
Very widespread here, and mostly under beech trees; although some seemed to be growing under hemlocks.
I first thought "beech", and there are certainly a lot of beech in Hell's Hollow, but the large, forward curving teeth on the leaves seem more chestnut than beech.
A pretty big slug for this part of the world.
I know almost nothing about gastropods. Can anyone recommend books or other resources for identifying slugs & snails? Esp. in Pennsylvania?
I keyed this out in Hallowells' "Fern Finder", but didn't believe the result (Dryopteris clintoniana). Didn't get very far in Peterson's fern guide either.
The emerald ash borers haven't gotten to this one yet. (Sad to say, they have killed some others ashes nearby).