Habitat: mossy rocks, decaying wood, soil.
Shiny leaves. Habitat: deep moist forests.
Very sensitive to air pollution.
Tree trunks; furs are more consistently flat;vertical cracks on the truck;3-spiked things in the cone; egg-shaped cones. Barks reddish brown. Lowland to mid-elev.
Flat when lack of sunlight; needles go horizontally
The hanging red flowers are called "Catkins". Can hold the highest number of species
Needles are in bundles of 5. Skinny, long needles.
Introduced species. Yellow flowers when bloomed. 3 leaflets near the base of the branches. Common in open and disturbed sites. Shrub. Low elevation.