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Square

Observer

myxonz

Date

June 15, 2012

Description

One of many little brown entoloma which are not possible to id with out a microscope.

Photos / Sounds

Square

Observer

myxonz

Date

June 15, 2012

Description

One of a number yellow Hygrocybe from which its not always easy to tell a part. Its uncommon to see this species in such large numbers.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

myxonz

Date

June 30, 2012

Description

Giant centipede are something I normal see from the corner of my eye as they scurry off to hide. So I was surprised to find this one that was very sluggish. Mind you would you go charging about if blind.

Photos / Sounds

7271431498_d43e0fec2b_s

What

slime molds Class Myxomycetes

Observer

myxonz

Date

May 26, 2012

Description

Found today was this plasmodium which is the mobile state of a slime mould. Unfortunately in this stage of there life cycle it can not be identified.

Photos / Sounds

6933158650_0e3314783a_s

What

Purple Pouch Fungus Cortinarius porphyroideus

Observer

myxonz

Date

April 15, 2012 08:46 PM NZST

Photos / Sounds

7052665801_00f82eb0fb_s

Observer

myxonz

Date

April 7, 2012 05:00 PM NZST

Description

SPORANGIA: Scattered, sessile, sub-globose or obovoid, 0.6 to 0.8 mm. diam., or forming curved or flexuose plasmodiocarps 2 to 6 mm. long, rounded or slightly compressed laterally, smooth, white or bufl", sometimes purplish brown below from absence of lime, or entirely limeless.
PERIDIUM: Wall double, the outer densely charged with white lime-granules, free and deciduous above, recurved and persistent below; inner wall smooth, membranous, pale purplish, more persistent.
CAPILLITIUM: A network of hyaline threads, with many variously shaped, large, smooth-walled, white nodes.
SPORES: 10-12 µm diam., dark purplish brown, spinulose, often with a paler, smoother area of dehiscence.
PLASMODIUM: White.
HABITAT: On dead leaves and twigs.

Photos / Sounds

7049936981_c653a9c805_s

Observer

myxonz

Date

March 31, 2012

Description

SPORANGIA: total height 1 to 1.5 mm., scattered or gregarious, globose, stalked, erect, 0.3 to 0.5 mm. diam., usually brownish, reddish, or bronze, sometimes steel-blue, iridescent.
PERIDIUM: delicately membranous, colorless, falling away in large fragments.
STALK: setaceous, black, shining, rising from a purple-brown, circular hypothallus.
COLUMELLA: cylindrical, truncate, scarcely reaching to half the height of the sporangium.
CAPILLITIUM: of rigid threads, radiating from the apex of the columella, dichotomously branching and anastomosing, black or purple-brown, pale at the base, colored to the free extremities; the threads often connecting the apex of the columella with the somewhat persistent base of the sporangial wall are usually slender and colorless.
SPORES: Violet-gray, minutely warted, 6.5 - 8 µm diam.
PLASMODIUM: Watery white
HABITAT: On dead leaves.
NOTE: This is one very small slime mould only 1 mm high and 0.4 mm in dia. Not the easiest thing to find on leaf litter in a forest!

Photos / Sounds

Observer

myxonz

Date

March 31, 2012

Description

SPORANGIA: Total height 5 to 20 mm. Sporangia cylindrical, obtuse, stalked, brownish purple or almost black, usually in large clusters, sometimes scattered.
PERIDIUM: membranous, persistent, purplish in the lower part, occasionally mottled with darker shades.
STALK: black, shining, 1 to 4 mm. high, rising from a brown, membranous hypothallus.
COLUMELLA: reaching nearly to the top of the sporangium.
CAPILLITIUM: of dark brown threads springing from all parts of the columella, combined into a loose network, the ultimate branches forming a delicate smooth or spinose surface-net with angular, unequal meshes, varying from 6-16 µm wide.
SPORES: grayish violet or brownish violet, 6-8 µm in diameter, faintly or strongly spinulose, the spines arranged in a more or less reticulate pattern.
PLASMODIUM: White
HABITAT: On dead wood.

Photos / Sounds

7035982065_98bcbc0f02_s

Observer

myxonz

Date

March 31, 2012

Description

SPORANGIA: Sporangia clustered, in scattered tufts, cylindric, obtuse, stipitate or sometimes nearly sessile, natural brown or army-brown fading to avellaneous.

STALK: short, 3-7 mm. tall; stipe fuscous or jet-black, only slightly expanded below.

HYPOTHALLUS: scanty or none.

COLUMELLA: lessening upward, sometimes attaining the apex of the sporangium, sometimes dissolved in capillitial threads some distance below.

CAPILLITIUM: Of rich brown threads forming the usual inner network of medium density, with many wide expanded nodes, the surface net made up of delicate, almost colourless threads surrounding small polygonal meshes.

SPORES: spore-mass ferruginous; by transmitted light very pale, brownish, minutely warted, 7-9 µm.

PLASMODIUM: white to pale yellow.

HABITAT: On living leaves, sometimes also on rotten wood or debris

DISTRIBUTION: Cosmopolitan, known from Auckland and only.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

myxonz

Date

June 10, 2010

Description

This is the iconic blue fungi of New Zealand the species can very from very bright blue to a the dull blue to almost gray in colour.
Pileus 35-50 mm, broadly conical to conica, edges inturnedl. light blue to dark blue some times fadding at the top.
Lamellae adnexed to sub free, concolorous taking on a pinkish hue as spores mature.
Stipe 50 to 100 x 3-5 mm, cylindrica attenuateded to the top, concolorous.
Odour and Taste not distinctive.
Chemical reactions on pileus: KOH - light redish brown. HCl - yellowish.
Spores pink, 11-15 x 11-14 µm, cuboid.
Ecology: Scattered; saprobic on soil among litter in broadleaved-conifer forests and Nothofagus Forests.

Photos / Sounds

5942031257_c12de6ebaf_s

Observer

myxonz

Date

July 16, 2011 08:35 PM NZST

Description

SPOROCARPS: cylindric, arcuate, 1.5 mm. high when unexpanded, closely clustered, dull crimson, stipitate.
PERIDIUM: evanescent except here and there a persistent patch, the calyculus shallow, plicate, papil- lose within.
STALK: short, weak, concolorous ; hypothallus distinct, mem-branous, concolorous.
CAPILLITIUM: capillitium a loose; far-expanding, elastic net, the meshes uneven, often small, the threads characterized by much irregularity and many bulbose thickenings, especially at the nodes, strongly spinulose throughout.
SPORES: spore-mass crimson or reddish brown, dull ; spores by transmitted light colorless, nearly smooth, sub-globose, 9-10 µm diam.
PLASMODIUM: White.
HABITAT: On dead wood.

Photos / Sounds

5944043760_0e9bc66cbc_s

Observer

myxonz

Date

July 17, 2011 07:11 AM NZST

Description

SPORANGIA: Total height 5 to 20 mm. Sporangia cylindrical, obtuse, stalked, brownish purple or almost black, usually in large clusters, sometimes scattered.
PERIDIUM: membranous, persistent, purplish in the lower part, occasionally mottled with darker shades.
STALK: black, shining, 1 to 4 mm. high, rising from a brown, membranous hypothallus.
COLUMELLA: reaching nearly to the top of the sporangium.
CAPILLITIUM: of dark brown threads springing from all parts of the columella, combined into a loose network, the ultimate branches forming a delicate smooth or spinose surface-net with angular, unequal meshes, varying from 6-16 µm wide.
SPORES: grayish violet or brownish violet, 6-8 µm in diameter, faintly or strongly spinulose, the spines arranged in a more or less reticulate pattern.
PLASMODIUM: White
HABITAT: On dead wood.

Photos / Sounds

6621741677_754b3e0629_s

What

Wolf's Milk Lycogala epidendrum

Observer

myxonz

Date

June 11, 2011

Description

SPOROCARPS: an aethalium, ususall several to small groups in a single fruiting, Scattered to crowded, sub globose to depressed-spherical or irregular from pressure. Pinkish gray or yellowish brown to deep olivaceous or nearly black, 3 to 10 mm broad.
HYPOTHALLUS: inconspicuous.
CORTEX: warted or roughened rather thin and fragile.
PSEUDOCAPILLITIUM: composed of long, branching folds and anastomosing flattened tubules marked with conspicuous transverse folds and wrinkles.
NOTES: Common and often noticed due to its large size and bright colour when immature.
SPORES: At first pink or gray in mass, changing to pale ochraceous or pallid. reticulate, 6-8µm in diameter.
PLASMODIUM: Pink to coral red or orange to cream.
COMMON NAME: Wolf's milk or toothpaste slime HABITAT: Decaying wood and less common bark.

Photos / Sounds

6623199319_f38998cf0c_s

Observer

myxonz

Date

May 17, 2005

Description

SPORANGIA: sessile, subglobose or obovoid, 0.4 to 0.6 mm. diam., or reniform and elongate on a broad base, free or more often crowded in colonies, often angled by mutual pressure, rounded above or flattened, smooth and yellow, ochraceous, or white.
PERIDIUM: double, the outer layer thick with dense deposits of lime, often breaking away in the upper part from the thin, colorless, inner layer.
CAPILLITIUM: with scanty hyaline threads and numerous large, irregularly branching, white or yellowish lime-knots, occasionally densely massed in the middle.
NOTES: This species is variable in the manner of sporangial formation. Usually, the sporangia are densely compacted in small clusters, but may be perfectly free and sometimes with vestiges of short stalks. The walls may be uniformly dense with lime, and the tops confluent, appearing as a pseudo-aethalium, or, the lower parts only may be stout, persisting as distinct cups.
SPORES: Dark to light violet-brown, spinulose, 10-13 µm diam. spines, often prominent, may be much fainter, and scattered, or arranged irregularly with smooth areas between.
PLASMODIUM: Yellow.HABITAT: On dead leaves, twigs, mosses, and wood.

Photos / Sounds

6699480037_77fabf3c05_s

Observer

myxonz

Date

January 15, 2012

Photos / Sounds

Observer

myxonz

Date

January 7, 2012

Description

SPORANGIA:Total height 1 to 3 mm. Sporangia stalked, gregarious or crowded, clavate or turbinate, 0.7 to 1.5 mm. high, shining ochraceous or olivaceous yellow, globose and nearly sessile in irregular developments; sporangial wall membranous, minutely papillose on the inner side, rarely reticulate, yellow, evanescent above, persistent below to form a more or less definite cup.
STALK: Stalk cylindrical, 0.1 to 1.5 mm, long, furrowed or nearly even, olive, reddish brown, or nearly black, filled with spore-like cells,
CAPILLITIUM: an expanding network of yellowish olive, branched threads 5-6 µm diam., with or without free ends, marked with five or six well-defined close or lax sinistral, spiral bands, sometimes spinose in imperfect developments.
NOTES: Very similar to H. calyculata but with a larger spore size and shape of peridium.
SPORES: pale yellow, minutely warted, 7-9 µm diam.
PLASMODIUM: watery white or rose-red.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

myxonz

Date

January 6, 2012

Description

SPOROCARPS: Stalked, total height 0.5 to 1.5 mm, gregarious, or clustered in small, scattered groups, ovoid or cylindrical, 0.3 to 0.4 mm. diam., flesh colored or pink.
STALK: thickened upwards, furrowed, 0.2 to 0.4 mm. long, red, filled with spore-like cells.
PERIDIUM: Persisting in mature fruiting bodies only as a distinct calyculus, the latter small, very shallow, pilate, nearly smooth to spinulose or faintly reticulate within.
CAPILLITIUM: A close, elastic network of pale pink, delicate threads 2-3 µm diam., usually with a few bulbous free ends, flattened, marked with transverse bands and short spines arranged in a lax spiral, closely and minutely spinulose or nearly smooth elsewhere. Remaining attached to the calyculus
SPORES: Almost colorless, nearly smooth, 6-8 µm diam.
PLASMODIUM: Watery white
HABITAT:
On dead wood.

Photos / Sounds

6698960897_63104e0bb7_s

Observer

myxonz

Date

January 15, 2012

Description

SPOROCARPS: scattered, flat, discoid, on a central stalk, 0.6 to 1.2 mm. diam., occasionally sessile and confluent, chalk-white; sporangial wall of two layers on the upper, flat surface; the outer a smooth crust composed of globular lime-granules, 1-3 µm diam., easily separating and breaking away from the more persistent, membranous inner layer; under surface rugose, thickened.
STALK: ochraceous or brownish, 0.2 to 0.8 mm. long, thick, furrowed with wrinkles which are continued over the flat under side of the sporangium, densely cal careous, often seated on a white hypothallus.
COLUMELLA: consisting of the broad, thickened base of the sporangium, reddish or brownish, charged with calcareous deposits, usually in the form of nodules or large rhomboidal crystals.
CAPILLITIUM: of slender, colorless threads, branching and anastomosing, or of violet-brown threads sparingly branched except at the pale extremities.
SPORES: pale violet-brown, nearly smooth,
7-9 n diam. PLASMODIUM: opaque white. HABITAT: On dead wood.

Photos / Sounds

6992098463_dd4038823d_s

Observer

myxonz

Date

July 27, 2010

Photos / Sounds

6626413539_62e0cd7089_s

Observer

myxonz

Date

January 3, 2012

Description

SPORANGIA: sessile,subglobose, or pulvinate, heaped, crowded, or scattered, often forming simple or branched plasmodiocarps, 0.3 to 0.5 mm. broad, cinereous, more or less warted or veined with white.
PERIDIUM: single, thin, densely coated or flecked with lime.
COLUMELLA: absent.
PERIDIUM: wall membranous, with included clusters of white lime granules, often limeless and iridescent.
CAPILLITIUM: abundant of branching hyaline threads, with numerous, rounded or angular, white limeknots, varying in size, sometimes consisting of a Badhamia-like network with few hyaline threads.
SPORES: Spores brownish lilac, almost smooth or spinulose, 7-10 µm diam..
PLASMODIUM: Water/white or yellow.
ECOLOGY: On dead leaves and ground debris.

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