A variety of the Cladonia genus of lichens. recognizeable by the bright red sets of lips that sit on top of the lichen.
Just starting to flower at te end of march. Recognizeable hanging pink flowers. Leaves resemble a rounder version of salmonberry, and with rounder serrations on the edge of the leaf.
Two distinct herbaceous forms to this plant. A wide round and deeply lobed leaf that probably is the namesake is the first, on its on stem. The second part of this plant is a thick stalk that grows slightly taller and supports the large white flower head, there are triangular leaves attached to the flowering stalk.
Brain-like looking mushroom, beige in color, has stalk, no visible gills. Micorrhizal associated fungi. Sited two on an old logging road near the pack forest cabins, open area with sparse canopy coverage, adjacent to grassy area about 30-40 meters away. Trees were mostly deciduous, further into the stand away from open area was coniferous western hemlock vegetation. it was wrapped tightly in old broadleaf leaves probably alder.
Radial array of unevenly lengthed needles that are round tipped and flat. Needles taste strongly of citrus. Growing in elevations with snow pack on the forest floor, not the dominant tree species in stand (see description of longmire old growth stand in pacific silver fir observation same date).
Epiphitic, growing fairly low down off the trunk of a big leaf maple. Leaflets begin putting out leaves about 10cm from base of fern, characterized by having no stem at the attachment of the leaf to the main structure of the fern, and splaying out at the base of each leaf in both directions as opposed to the sword fern which splays out assymetrically at the base of each leaf. The canopy cover in this area was about 40% cover, a trail close to the cabins at Pack forest, mix of deciduous stands and stands of coniferous trees.
Very flat needles that end abruptly in a point and are evenly lengthed and have two prominent rows of stomates underneath. Tree was less than 10m tall, and the only visible one in old growth stand dominated by other washington conifers (see longmire trail stand description in pacific silver fir observation). Brown bark that was also deep red in places along the trunk that helped to identify as pacific yew.
Very geometric and rigid looking at first glance of young tree (5-10yrs). Needles arrayed in all 180 degrees above the branch, leaving the bottom 180 degrees and the underside of the branch bare. Prominant two rows of stomates underneath each needle. This Old growth stand was above the snow level on march 31, dominated by douglas fir, Western red cedar, and Western hemlock, and to a lesser degree pacific silver fir. Stand was also home to mountain hemlock, and western