Capitula of Senecio aff. minimus - a potentially new arrival to New Zealand within the S. minimus complex, differing from S. minimus s.s. by the glaucescent, finely and sparsely hairy, finely serrated leaves, dark maroon-purple glabrous stems, and narrower, attentuated capitula. This race was first noted by Drury (1974), who confused it with Senecio kermadecensis ( a single record of it which he noted from the Poor Knights islands as S. kermadecensis). It is so far confined to Northland where it occurs from about Kaitaia south to the northern Kaipara and Waipu area. It is slowly moving south. I assume it originates from Eastern Australia. Voucher in AK
Schrankia costaestrigalis, Dargaville, New Zealand, 26 October 2004
With fallen taraire (Beilschmiedia taraire) leaf.
Locally common. Growing along roadside on towai (Weinmannia silvicola) and makamaka (Ackama rosifolia). Heavily flowering.
Common roadside tree in dense makamaka (Ackama rosifolia) / towai (Weinmannia silvicola) forest. the northern variety, distinguished for the more southerly var. colorata by the rounded, deeply serrated, uniformly adaxially coloured leaves.
Saxicolous on basalt rock and associated saprolite in low, windswept coastal turf and sedge / rushland. Locally common. Thallus dirty off white, chunky, areolate-cracked. Fertile verrucae numerous, whitish; apothecia 2-4(-6) per verruca, impressed, black, epruinose; asci 2-spored; ascospores 160-200 x 60-82 microns. Thallus K-. Voucher lodged (AK 355385, Duplicate in UNITEC)
Abundant. Corticolous on makamaka (Ackama rosifolia), towai (Weinmannia silvicola) and toro (Myrsine salicina). Common. Thallus cyanobacterial, without isidia, soredia, or phyllidia, dark blue-green to steel blue, broadly lobed, reticulate-faveolate, punctate impressed above; undersides bullate, uniformly covered in fine brown tomentum; pseudocyphellae minute, sparse, off-white; medulla white; apothecia numerous, black.
Corticolous on makamaka (Ackama rosifolia. Common - Photosymbiodeme - green symbiont, thallus upper surface when moist, pseudocyphellate, without isidia, soredia or phyllidia, lobes entire, broadly rounded; lower surface white at margins, otherwise brown-black, tomentose, pseudocyphellae numerous, conspicuous, with a prominent rim (so appearing like cyphellae); medulla white; apothecia occasional, red-brown, submarginal; cyanobacterial component (formerly P. knightii D.J.Galloway) similar but upper surface blue-black when moist, faintly maculate.
Orocrambus flexuosellus, Dargaville, New Zealand, 26 October 2004
This tree is named Tane Mahuta (Lord of the Trees). It is the largest Kauri tree in the world. It has an ecosystem living on top of its trunk with over 36 different plant forms. The tree is over 150 feet tall & one of the coolest moments of my study abroad experiences.
Opogona omoscopa, Dargaville, New Zealand, 26 October 2004
Te Mahuta Ngahere, Father of the Forest. According to the sign:
Girth: 16.41 m (54 ft)
Trunk volume: 208.1 m^3 (2239 ft^3)
Height: 29.9m (99 ft)
Trunk height: 10.21m (33.5 ft)
On dead wood.
Tane Mahuta, God of the Forest. Has a bit of a forest growing on it. Sign said:
Trunk height: 17.7m (59")
Total height 51.5m (169")
Girth: 13.9m (46")
Trunk volume: 244.5m^3
Waipoua Forest, 240m; under manuka in litter