Photos / Sounds

What

Southern Two-lined Salamander Eurycea cirrigera

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 22, 2015

Place

Woods Gap (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Dusky Salamander Desmognathus fuscus

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 22, 2015

Place

Woods Gap (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Ringneck Snake Diadophis punctatus

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 22, 2015

Place

Woods Gap (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

Square

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 20, 2015

Place

Woods Gap (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Freshwater Crayfish Family Cambaridae

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 20, 2015 08:46 AM EDT

Place

woods gap (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Mayfly Order Ephemeroptera

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 20, 2015 09:38 AM EDT

Place

Woods Gap (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Eastern Red-backed Salamander Plethodon cinereus

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 15, 2015

Place

woods gap (Google, OSM)

Description

This pair was under a pile of lumber that had only recently been moved. I guess they are 'migrating' to a new area, taking advantage of a few wet spring days when lots of amphibians move.

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 15, 2015

Place

woods gap (Google, OSM)

Description

Dogwood are in decline here. This one is not too healthy

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Canada Goose Branta canadensis

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 9, 2015

Place

woods gap (Google, OSM)

Description

Canada goose nesting.
Last Spring (2014) Alice and Billy nested and raised 5 goslings on the pond. They returned this spring and stablished a nest on 26 Mar. Five other geese occasionally visit the pond, Billy chases them off. I am guessing these are last year's offspring. This year's nest is in exactly the same spot.

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Large White Trillium Trillium grandiflorum

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 12, 2015 09:44 AM EDT

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Purple Finch Haemorhous purpureus

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 11, 2015 11:36 AM EDT

Description

found dead under a window.

Photos / Sounds

Square

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 10, 2015 06:27 PM EDT

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Eastern Newt Notophthalmus viridescens

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 9, 2015 07:56 AM EDT

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Saxifraga virginiensis Micranthes virginiensis

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 4, 2015 12:32 PM EDT

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Virginia Bluebells Mertensia virginica

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 4, 2015 11:50 AM EDT

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Carolina spring-beauty Claytonia caroliniana

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 4, 2015 11:25 AM EDT

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

star chickweed Stellaria pubera

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 4, 2015 12:22 PM EDT

Photos / Sounds

Square

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 4, 2015 11:47 AM EDT

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

dentaria laciniata Cardamine concatenata

Observer

denniswross

Date

April 4, 2015 11:46 AM EDT

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Great Mullein Verbascum thapsus

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 21, 2015

Place

woods gap (Google, OSM)

Description

Early spring plant in our meadow

Fungi

Photos / Sounds

What

Fungus Kingdom Fungi

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 20, 2015

Place

Woods gap (Google, OSM)

Description

This fungus looks like dripping plaster or sparkling compound spilled and dripping down the tree stump.

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Earthworms and relatives Subclass Oligochaeta

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 20, 2015

Place

Woods gap (Google, OSM)

Description

A number of these earthworms are crawling across my gravel driveway this morning, all moving in the same direction. It has been warm earlier in the week, but cold and wet, around 34F for the last 36 hrs.

Photos / Sounds

Square

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 13, 2015

Place

woods gap (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

Square

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 13, 2015

Place

woods gap (Google, OSM)

Description

A grove of about 60 spruce were planted about 30 years ago, probably for Christmas trees. They are now a small mature dense spruce island which is host to many animals and birds.

Mammals

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

mammals Class Mammalia

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 13, 2015

Place

woods gap (Google, OSM)

Description

This scat was in the middle of a trail. It does not contain visible fur. Probably dog?

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

skunk cabbage Symplocarpus foetidus

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 14, 2015

Place

woods gap (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis

Observer

denniswross

Date

February 28, 2015 02:23 PM EST

Place

Woods gap (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Field Crickets Genus Gryllus

Observer

denniswross

Date

June 9, 2014

Place

woods Gap (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Common Yellowjacket Vespula vulgaris

Observer

denniswross

Date

October 16, 2014

Place

woods Gap (Google, OSM)

Description

Yellow jacket nest in the ground dug up by a bear.

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Big Brown Bat Eptesicus fuscus

Observer

denniswross

Date

February 21, 2015

Place

Woods Gap (Google, OSM)

Description

Hi Dennis,
Thanks for the note. I remember you, and the bat corpse! You probably do have big brown bats on the move during the winter. Unfortunately, it's due to loss of fat reserves due to WNS. I know that wildlife rehabbers in the state are getting ALOT more bats this year than in previous years. My guess is that the big brown bats are moving out of their hibernacula (caves, attics, etc.) to feed, and then using some old day roosts, like your bat box, for a day here and there. It's not surprising that you are finding scat. It's just too bad that they are using the bat box, as it's less climate controlled than their hibernacula options. At the same time, it's a better, safer option for them vs. more exposed options. There's nothing you need to do - the bats will move if they get too cold, and hopefully go back to their long-term resting areas. The less we disturb them, the better. We just keep our fingers crossed, and hope they can make it through this awfully cold, snowy time.
Cheers,
Karen

____________________________________________
Karen E. (Francl) Powers, Ph.D.
Associate Professor, Biology
235 Curie
Box 6931
Radford University
Radford, VA 24142
(540) 831-6537 (office); (540) 831-5129 (fax)
________________________________________
From: Ross Dennis [forensicbotanist@gmail.com]
Sent: Monday, February 23, 2015 4:51 PM
To: Powers, Karen
Subject: Big brown bats -- not migrating?

Karen,

We have met several times at the Mt Rogers Naturalists’ Rally. Last spring I showed you a corpse of a bat which you identified as a Big Brown. A small colony (up to 15 individuals) spends summers in a ‘bat box’ under the eaves of my house near Floyd, VA. I take note of their approximate arrival and departure each year. This year they left around the end of October 2014. This is when I last saw them, and when I no longer need to sweep up their scat.

However, around December I began noting scat in smaller quantities but identical to what I normally see in summer. I have noted scat accumulating irregularly, but continuing throughout the winter to the present. Dis-aggregating the scat with a sharp needle suggests insect parts when viewed with a magnifying glass.
I have not seen any bats. I have avoided disturbing the bat box (i.e. climbing a ladder to open it up and look in). You have instructed me in how sensitive bats are to be disturbed during hibernation.

My questions: I did not think the Big Brown bat would ‘hibernate’ in its summer location.
Do bats defecate during hibernation?
Am I mistaking mouse droppings for bat droppings? There are none in the house where I would expect mice, and none except under the bat box.

Other than continued observation, is there anything that you recommend I do. I am glad to send you samples or show the bat box to you or one of your students.

Sincerely,

Dennis Ross MD, PhD — retired professor of Pathology UNC