capsules not exceding the perianth
...tentative. Let me know if you disagree. The leaves feel less thick than Salix myricoides, which I am more confident about. I have seen this plant called discolor, but I feel like what I call discolor normally doesn't have such a finely serrated margin (rather, discolor is coarsely and/or sparsely toothed).
This was a plant within yards of the S. myracoides I posted.
This is another location in a sandy, mesic prairie. Young stems here are densely pubescent, but stipules are absent. The leaf on this willow feel especially thick and smooth.
Leaves were puberulent below (the way to tell this from herbacea)
That's not what I thought this was at first, but leaves are opposite low and alternate high, the stem is hairy, and the petioles are winged, so it keys here in Swink and Wilhelm. ...no flowers.
I find these tall Hieracium spp. a bit confusing. They usually don't key well. I am fairly sure of this plant, but in other places I have found highly varied populations with individuals that key to kalmii and either scabrum or umbellatum.
It seems to Key nice there for WI, because the inflorescence is too long for filiformis and the plant was not clumped:
Our plants would be var. balticus, which I believe is synonymous with Juncus balticus.
I am not sure what to call this, because different authorities recognize many varieties of acuminatum, or treat those varieties as species. I'll let INat's insistence on acuminatum slide, because this plant is not perfectly described by linderheimeri or implicatum (and meridionale), the former having glabrous (or nearly so) upper sheaths (these are clearly hairy) and the latter having broadest blades less than 6mm wide (these are greater than 6mm). The previous botanist in my position has recorted linderheimeri and meridionale from this area (and considered meridionale and implicatum to be the same).
The habitat was sandy soil at the margin between prairie dominated by little bluestem and rough blazingstar and wetland dominated by Canada bluejoint.
I should have just looked at the latex color, but as far as I now, L. biennis has glabrous stems, while L. canadensis is either hirsute or not.
...and Stachys palustris and Typha latifolia
with a lot of Mentha arvensis and Stachys palustris
growing in a Frangula alnus thicket