Plants large, robust, somewhat shiny, up to 20 cm long; stems twice pinnately branched, with abundant small, green filaments (paraphyllia) visible with a hand lens; annual growth increments visible as individual, arched segments, each arising just behind tip of previous year's.
Leaves: 2-4 mm long; branch leaves narrowly egg-shaped, sharply pointed; stem leaves elliptic below, gradually tapering to a longer, wavy, slender point; midribs 2, inconspicuous; cells elongate.
Sporophytes: Not uncommon, growing from the side of the stem; capsules inclined, smooth, curved and cylindrical.
Growing individually under old growth Douglas Fir/ Hemlock. Has a purplish to green tone on cap and a chalky white stipe and gills.
Found growing at base of old growth hemlock tree on Olympic peninsula. Large specimen about 10 inches to a foot in diameter.
bright yellow jelly fungus
found growing on fallen tree
range from 5 mm to 4 cm in width
gelatinous, hard and somewhat slimy to the touch
very mild taste
Growing under duff in old growth hemlock/Douglas fir forest on Olympic peninsula.
At Brown Creek. Was located in a cavern created by fallen logs. Douglas fir predominate. Cap pink with brown over coat. Pores tired yellow in color, stem predominantly this color but with auburn splotches.
Palmately branched with black petioles . Leaflets are lobed and delicate. Dies in winter.
This lady fern, in the family Athyriceae, appears about 3' in hight with fronds about 8" wide. Fronds are 3 pinnate with a green stipe, contain sori on underside and grow in a circular pattern. Unique frond shape that is narrow at the top and bottom but wide in the center, diamond like assortment. Brown leaflets appear due to weather and temperature.
A delicate and palmately branched fern. Shiny black to dark brown leaf stalk, oblong sori on margins of upper pinnae, flap-like indusium formed by the inrolled leaf margin.
Step moss, is a large shiny moss that can get up to 20 cm with twice pinnately branched stems. The moss has multiple layers along the stem
This specimen of Blechnum spicant, or deer fern, was found along the Rapids Loop Trail at Staircase in the Olympic National Park near a moist bank. It shows the fertile stipe still attached and the low dark green sterile leaves a brilliant color.
Achhlys triphylla, or vanilla leaf, has long stalks with 3 fan shaped asymmetrical coarsely blunt-toothed leaflets. No flowers were seen. The individuals did not populate a large areas mostly lining the path and numbered around 12. I find it interesting that the leaves if picked smell of vanilla and can be used as an insect repellent.
This specimen of Gymnocarpium dryopteris was found along the Staircase Rapids Loop trail in the Olympic National Park. As you can see from the picture the fronds are decaying at the end of the season. Oak fern is broadly triangular and 2-3x pinnate.
This specimen of orchid- Goodyera pubescens, or rattlesnake plaintain was found along the trail at Staircase before the exit to the 'Big Cedar'. It has an interesting netlike pattern on the leaf and is know to like acidic soils.
Single pointy, pinnate fronts up to a foot long, living epiphytic on large leaf maple in temperate rain forest. Rich green color in wet environment.
Found on trail in Olympic National Park. Also called Deer Foot or Vanilla Leaf, this plant has 3 large, smooth, triangular leaves. Low to ground.
A pretty, green moss that has a dark brown lower stem and light brown, reddish brown, or green veins. It has bi-pinnately compound leaves. This moss grows "branches", which look like another of the same moss stacked on top of the original.
Habitat: Growing on a thickly duff and moss covered rock in an old growth conifer forest, consisting of primarily Douglas-fir, western red cedar and western hemlock.
Weather: Weather: Misty, rainy, 60F, full overcast sky.
Pinnately compound with 9-19 toothed leaflets. Leaves arranged in a whorl.
White central cord with very few branches and numerous from .2-8 cm , hanging from an Acer macrophyllum in strands varying from 4-6 feet in length.
Young tree found at staircase in the Olympic national park. Needle like leaves that are glossy dark green above and have two white/green bands of stomata below. Leaves lined up on a flat plane. Cones are 2-4 inches long, barrel shaped, and grow upright on the twig
An immature tree specimen with bright green leaves that are 2-dimensional in that they only grow from the sides of the branches. Apex of leaves are emarginate. Leaves connect to twig with a peg. Undersides of leaves have two rows of stomatal bloom. Terminal buds are tan and round and typically grow in threes.
Habitat: Growing in the partial sun by the side of a cleared path. Growing under Douglas-fir and Western Hemlock. Under story included sword fern, mosses, licorice fern, and lots of large woody debris.
Weather: Misty, rainy day with full overcast sky and 60F.
Lavender, gilled mushrooms that are obviously immature.Not bigger than 76 mm tall with a 26 mm diameter cap. They have a bulbous base that is not a volva. Flesh is solid, fibrillose, and maroon- lavender. Base is significantly broader than the cap.
Habitat: Growing in the duff on a slope in an old growth conifer forest with Douglas-fir, western red cedar, and western hemlock.
A hanging moss that covers the tree in long, thin strands. The moss was groups of long, branched strands with very tiny, narrow leaves.
Habitat: Found on an young snag of an unidentifiable conifer(?) in an old growth conifer forest dominated by Douglas-fir, western red cedar, and western hemlock.
Weather: Misty, rainy, 60F, full overcast sky.
A thallose liverwort growing in and around a small waterfall. A flat, tongue-like liverwort with a distinct scale-like pattern to them. Very flat and has a few branches coming out the sides to from "Y" and "V" shapes with its body. Surface is somewhat rough to the touch. It has a single center vein that runs down the middle of its thallus that creates a visible indention on its back.
Habitat: Growing in an old growth conifer forest with many rocky outcroppings and waterfalls. Growing among mosses and maidenhair ferns under the dense canopy of Douglas-fir and western hemlock trees with an occasional western red cedar.
Weather: Misty, rainy, 60F, full overcast sky.
Small polypores that are bright yellow and covered in a whitish-gray, hardened film at the edge. Only 60 mm across, it is perhaps a young red-banded polypore.
Habitat: Growing on a conifer wood log in an old growth conifer forest with Douglas-fir, western red cedar, western hemlock, and occasional bigleaf maple.
A creeping moss growing up the bark of a western red cedar. Leaves are pinnate and stems are long, thin strands.
A small yellow to brown gelatinous mass growing at the end of a cut log. The entire colony was only 50 mm in length.
Habitat: Old growth conifer forest with Douglas-fir, western red cedar and bigleaf maple.