Plants large, robust, somewhat shiny, up to 20 cm long; stems twice pinnately branched, with abundant small, green filaments (paraphyllia) visible with a hand lens; annual growth increments visible as individual, arched segments, each arising just behind tip of previous year's.
Leaves: 2-4 mm long; branch leaves narrowly egg-shaped, sharply pointed; stem leaves elliptic below, gradually tapering to a longer, wavy, slender point; midribs 2, inconspicuous; cells elongate.
Sporophytes: Not uncommon, growing from the side of the stem; capsules inclined, smooth, curved and cylindrical.
Deer fern sited at staircase in The Olympic National Park.
growing singly in old growth forest.
pale yellow cap with striations at edges
whitish gills and stipe
obvious veil remnants on cap and stipe
cap approximately 8 cm
stipe approximately 2 cm
bright yellow jelly fungus
found growing on fallen tree
range from 5 mm to 4 cm in width
gelatinous, hard and somewhat slimy to the touch
very mild taste
This is a palmately branched five-fingered fern, or western maidenhair fern. Not to be confused with Adiuantum pedatum, native to eastern North America, Adiantum aleuticum is a perennial fern from the family Polypodiaceae. No sori were found underneath the fronds as shown in picture 2, however, you can see the "flap-like indusium," or the thin, floppy shield, formed by the inrolled leaf margin, covering where a sorus would be on the frond. The leaf stalk is blackish-brown. It thrives in moist environments so it fits right in at the base of the rain forest.
At Brown Creek. Was located in a cavern created by fallen logs. Douglas fir predominate. Cap pink with brown over coat. Pores tired yellow in color, stem predominantly this color but with auburn splotches.
Palmately branched with black petioles . Leaflets are lobed and delicate. Dies in winter.
Deciduous perennial fern. Stalks dark brown to black, fine and smooth; leaves broadly fan-shaped, palmately branched,palmately twice-pinnate from a stout, scaley rhizome.
Pinnae toothed on one side, with edges curling underneath. Sori born under the curled lip of each pinnae.
Common Name: Maidenhair Fern
Small, oval leaflets that are bright green. Leaves and leaflets are pinnately compound and alternate. The fruit (which was not present) are small, bright red berries that are edible.
Younger tree with the drooping leader, iconic to Western Hemlocks. Had needle-like leaves that were both bright and dark green and were flattened.
Found this plant just off of the trail during our field trip to Staircase National Park. It had been raining off and on all morning, hence the glistening leaves. This interesting plant did not smell of vanilla despite its common name and
as pictured, was not flowering. The leaves were quite smooth and the stem seemed small for the size of its leaves. Very healthy looking, sprouting through a fern. I was surprised by the definition of each vein within the leaves. A very vascular plant indeed.
Step moss, is a large shiny moss that can get up to 20 cm with twice pinnately branched stems. The moss has multiple layers along the stem
A vine maple, or Acer circinatum of the family Sapindanceae, was spotted in the Olympic National Forest. They can grow from 16-26ft, and this one was standing at about 18ft. The vegetation that clings to its trunk and branches thrives in this moist weather, and it is completely covered in the moss and lichen companions. Although they can be cultivated on open ground, this vine maple was found in the shade of the much larger trees of the forest.
Its leaves are palmately lobed with 7-9 toothy, pointed lobes each, and are arranged oppositely about the branches. This small tree also has samara with wings that line up laterally. In the Spring we would see its small, red flowers with green-yellow petals in the center.
This specimen of Blechnum spicant, or deer fern, was found along the Rapids Loop Trail at Staircase in the Olympic National Park near a moist bank. It shows the fertile stipe still attached and the low dark green sterile leaves a brilliant color.
Achhlys triphylla, or vanilla leaf, has long stalks with 3 fan shaped asymmetrical coarsely blunt-toothed leaflets. No flowers were seen. The individuals did not populate a large areas mostly lining the path and numbered around 12. I find it interesting that the leaves if picked smell of vanilla and can be used as an insect repellent.
This specimen of Gymnocarpium dryopteris was found along the Staircase Rapids Loop trail in the Olympic National Park. As you can see from the picture the fronds are decaying at the end of the season. Oak fern is broadly triangular and 2-3x pinnate.
In temperate rain forest associated with old growth large conifers. Palmately lobed leaves 10 cm across and therefore much smaller than the big leaf maple also found in this forest. Leaves are brilliant green with lighter underside, but turning yellow in this fall time. No samara present at this time. Slender branches.
Single pointy, pinnate fronts up to a foot long, living epiphytic on large leaf maple in temperate rain forest. Rich green color in wet environment.
In temperate rain forest in understory of old growth. Frond stalk is shiny smooth black in contrast to rich green pinnae. Palmately branched. Sori on toothed edge of pinnae underside.
Found to the side of trail at Staircase National Park.
No visible sori, perhaps those fronds present were sterile. The fronds themselves were leathery to the touch and almost glossy. Stipes were purple-brown as described in the field guide, however looked as if they were dying.
I did not taste the frond or rhizome.
Resting nearby a raging river just outside Lake Cushman, was this Western redcedar, or Thuja plicata, of the family Cupressaceae. Some defining characteristics of this native plant are scaley needles, small reproductive cones, and red fibrous bark.
This tree should not be confused with true cedars of the family Cedrus. The fall view of this evergreen tree shows it sits by neighboring firs and hemlocks. Lichens and moss cling to its bark, absorbing all of the moisture-rich air.
Common name: Rattle - snake Plantain
Circular arrangement of leaves.
dark green, thick
thick stripes in white resembling the veins, heaving along the midrib of leaf.
Found at Staircase, Olympic national park
A pretty, green moss that has a dark brown lower stem and light brown, reddish brown, or green veins. It has bi-pinnately compound leaves. This moss grows "branches", which look like another of the same moss stacked on top of the original.
Habitat: Growing on a thickly duff and moss covered rock in an old growth conifer forest, consisting of primarily Douglas-fir, western red cedar and western hemlock.
Weather: Weather: Misty, rainy, 60F, full overcast sky.
palmate fern, black stems. adiantum means "not-wetting" cuz water beads off the fronds