It was underwater but only temporarily I think.
My first time finding this granite lover.
Bluish-green in color, Short to long, upright and occur in mats. Leaves are short, with reddish bristle-point.
perennial, aromatic, with rhizomes, fern like leaves, stalked below and stalkless above, alternate, pinnately dissected
flowers ray like, very small in bunches, white to pinkish, disk flowers cream colored, bracts dry and overlapping in series. flat or round topped flower cluster
on dry to moist, well drained open sites, meadows, roadsides clearings
stand of Douglas fir, Olympic National Forest, Staircase
large tree, branches spreading to drooping, bark thick, fluted, ridged and dark brown
needle leaves flat, yellowish green, sharp pointed tips, grooved on upper surface, 2 white bands of stomata on underside, spirally arranged.
pollen cones small, reddish browns, seed cones hanging, oval reddish brown to grey, bracts 3 forked and extend beyond scales.
large leaf lichen, lobes broad, olive green , dark, brownish, orange tooth like fruiting bodies on raised lobes, lower surface whitish,
on rock, moss, soil and longs in shady forests
found in small streamlet, also called snake liverwort
flattened , ribbon/ snake like course hexagonal markings on upper surface. each hexagon with a pore in the center. gammae cups lacking lower surface.
odor when crushed
Delicate, palmate branched thick scaly rhizomes, stipes dark brown to purplish, fan shaped. Sori on edges of upper lobes of leaflets, flap like indusium formed by inrolled leaf margin
Shady, moist, humus rich sites, low to middle elevations,
Large leave lichen with loose attachments, upper surface pale bluish green, strongly ridged, indented between ridges. lower surface brownish
found on trees in humid forests, This sample was found attached to a fallen stick
Lichen, devils matchstick, one small growth, sideways on rock, Staircase Park.
upright club lichen, think whitish crust with pale greenish clubs, clustered, roughened unbranched. terminating in shiny black balls,
Cool moists forests, near water, on rocks
large, leaf lichen, broad lobes, green, lower surface whitish,
found on moss in moist forest floor
small to med size, evergreen, short reddish brown scaly rhizomes
licorice flavored rhizomes
once times pinnate, pointed tips finely scalloped margins, sori on either side of main vein, 1 row, no indusium
Wet mossy ground, logs and sometimes rocks, found on bigleaf maple tree, but also found on other tree trunks and branches
Plants large, shiny, stems twice pinnately branched with small green filaments visible, annual growth increments visible as individual arched segments
leaves narrowly egg shaped, pointed
Sporophytes growing from side of stem, capsules inclined, smooth, cylindrical
in patches forming dominant ground cover, calcium rich soils, moist, forest floor
Lichen, large, hanging hair lichen, long pale green intricately branched, lacking a central cord
often of conifers in open forests, found overhanging the river, completely covering a tree.
small plants, olive green, dense cushions on tree trunks and branches, irregularly branched.
leaves lance shaped with a wider base,
sporophytes present at the tip of the plant, stalks short, capsules upright
usually found on alder and maple, occasionally conifers.
large, yellow green stems 6-30 cm long, creeping to arched. once pinnate, branches evenly and closely spaced
leaves with two different shapes. stems leaves widely spreading, elliptic narrowing to a sharp tip, branch leaves much smaller, narrower, midrib strong,
Spopophytes growing from the side of the stem, stalks black with capsules inclined, smooth, curved each with a long beak
forms mats on logs, humus and trees
found on forest floor
cones of Douglas Fir trees.
small, caps less than 5/8″ cap is pale and pinkish while the stalk is yellowish-brown and slightly fuzzy.
Resting nearby a raging river just outside Lake Cushman, was this Western redcedar, or Thuja plicata, of the family Cupressaceae. Some defining characteristics of this native plant are scaley needles, small reproductive cones, and red fibrous bark.
This tree should not be confused with true cedars of the family Cedrus. The fall view of this evergreen tree shows it sits by neighboring firs and hemlocks. Lichens and moss cling to its bark, absorbing all of the moisture-rich air.