Palmately branched with black petioles . Leaflets are lobed and delicate. Dies in winter.
Small, oval leaflets that are bright green. Leaves and leaflets are pinnately compound and alternate. The fruit (which was not present) are small, bright red berries that are edible.
Younger tree with the drooping leader, iconic to Western Hemlocks. Had needle-like leaves that were both bright and dark green and were flattened.
Found this plant just off of the trail during our field trip to Staircase National Park. It had been raining off and on all morning, hence the glistening leaves. This interesting plant did not smell of vanilla despite its common name and
as pictured, was not flowering. The leaves were quite smooth and the stem seemed small for the size of its leaves. Very healthy looking, sprouting through a fern. I was surprised by the definition of each vein within the leaves. A very vascular plant indeed.
Step moss, is a large shiny moss that can get up to 20 cm with twice pinnately branched stems. The moss has multiple layers along the stem
A vine maple, or Acer circinatum of the family Sapindanceae, was spotted in the Olympic National Forest. They can grow from 16-26ft, and this one was standing at about 18ft. The vegetation that clings to its trunk and branches thrives in this moist weather, and it is completely covered in the moss and lichen companions. Although they can be cultivated on open ground, this vine maple was found in the shade of the much larger trees of the forest.
Its leaves are palmately lobed with 7-9 toothy, pointed lobes each, and are arranged oppositely about the branches. This small tree also has samara with wings that line up laterally. In the Spring we would see its small, red flowers with green-yellow petals in the center.
This specimen of Blechnum spicant, or deer fern, was found along the Rapids Loop Trail at Staircase in the Olympic National Park near a moist bank. It shows the fertile stipe still attached and the low dark green sterile leaves a brilliant color.
Achhlys triphylla, or vanilla leaf, has long stalks with 3 fan shaped asymmetrical coarsely blunt-toothed leaflets. No flowers were seen. The individuals did not populate a large areas mostly lining the path and numbered around 12. I find it interesting that the leaves if picked smell of vanilla and can be used as an insect repellent.
This specimen of Gymnocarpium dryopteris was found along the Staircase Rapids Loop trail in the Olympic National Park. As you can see from the picture the fronds are decaying at the end of the season. Oak fern is broadly triangular and 2-3x pinnate.
In temperate rain forest associated with old growth large conifers. Palmately lobed leaves 10 cm across and therefore much smaller than the big leaf maple also found in this forest. Leaves are brilliant green with lighter underside, but turning yellow in this fall time. No samara present at this time. Slender branches.
Single pointy, pinnate fronts up to a foot long, living epiphytic on large leaf maple in temperate rain forest. Rich green color in wet environment.
In temperate rain forest in understory of old growth. Frond stalk is shiny smooth black in contrast to rich green pinnae. Palmately branched. Sori on toothed edge of pinnae underside.
Found to the side of trail at Staircase National Park.
No visible sori, perhaps those fronds present were sterile. The fronds themselves were leathery to the touch and almost glossy. Stipes were purple-brown as described in the field guide, however looked as if they were dying.
I did not taste the frond or rhizome.
Common name: Rattle - snake Plantain
Circular arrangement of leaves.
dark green, thick
thick stripes in white resembling the veins, heaving along the midrib of leaf.
Found at Staircase, Olympic national park
Found on trail in Olympic National Park. Also called Deer Foot or Vanilla Leaf, this plant has 3 large, smooth, triangular leaves. Low to ground.
A pretty, green moss that has a dark brown lower stem and light brown, reddish brown, or green veins. It has bi-pinnately compound leaves. This moss grows "branches", which look like another of the same moss stacked on top of the original.
Habitat: Growing on a thickly duff and moss covered rock in an old growth conifer forest, consisting of primarily Douglas-fir, western red cedar and western hemlock.
Weather: Weather: Misty, rainy, 60F, full overcast sky.
palmate fern, black stems. adiantum means "not-wetting" cuz water beads off the fronds
Pinnately compound with 9-19 toothed leaflets. Leaves arranged in a whorl.
White central cord with very few branches and numerous from .2-8 cm , hanging from an Acer macrophyllum in strands varying from 4-6 feet in length.
Bracken fern found at the staircase rapids in the Olympic national park. This fern is dormant in the winter which is why it is discolored.
An immature tree specimen with bright green leaves that are 2-dimensional in that they only grow from the sides of the branches. Apex of leaves are emarginate. Leaves connect to twig with a peg. Undersides of leaves have two rows of stomatal bloom. Terminal buds are tan and round and typically grow in threes.
Habitat: Growing in the partial sun by the side of a cleared path. Growing under Douglas-fir and Western Hemlock. Under story included sword fern, mosses, licorice fern, and lots of large woody debris.
Weather: Misty, rainy day with full overcast sky and 60F.
Lavender, gilled mushrooms that are obviously immature.Not bigger than 76 mm tall with a 26 mm diameter cap. They have a bulbous base that is not a volva. Flesh is solid, fibrillose, and maroon- lavender. Base is significantly broader than the cap.
Habitat: Growing in the duff on a slope in an old growth conifer forest with Douglas-fir, western red cedar, and western hemlock.
A thallose liverwort growing in and around a small waterfall. A flat, tongue-like liverwort with a distinct scale-like pattern to them. Very flat and has a few branches coming out the sides to from "Y" and "V" shapes with its body. Surface is somewhat rough to the touch. It has a single center vein that runs down the middle of its thallus that creates a visible indention on its back.
Habitat: Growing in an old growth conifer forest with many rocky outcroppings and waterfalls. Growing among mosses and maidenhair ferns under the dense canopy of Douglas-fir and western hemlock trees with an occasional western red cedar.
Weather: Misty, rainy, 60F, full overcast sky.
Small polypores that are bright yellow and covered in a whitish-gray, hardened film at the edge. Only 60 mm across, it is perhaps a young red-banded polypore.
Habitat: Growing on a conifer wood log in an old growth conifer forest with Douglas-fir, western red cedar, western hemlock, and occasional bigleaf maple.
A creeping moss growing up the bark of a western red cedar. Leaves are pinnate and stems are long, thin strands.
A small yellow to brown gelatinous mass growing at the end of a cut log. The entire colony was only 50 mm in length.
Habitat: Old growth conifer forest with Douglas-fir, western red cedar and bigleaf maple.
Weather: Misty, rainy, 60F, full overcast sky.
A large, red mushroom that was half buried in duff and debris. This mushroom had no gills and no visible pores. It has a thick base with an upward curling cap. Flesh was white. This massive mushroom was 180 mm in length and 78 mm tall.
Habitat: Growing in the loam and duff of an old growth conifer forest.