This fly is, right now, buzzing around the living room. It looks like a sleek, elongated housefly, but one character makes it easily identifiable as a heleomyzid: The spines on the leading edge of the wing.
On lower part of tree trunk near the ground
The orange species in the picture.
Not sure what this is
Resembles C. undulatum, but I'm not familiar with other thistles in this area.
Could either by P. opulifolius or P. monogynus.
Poor picture. Clearly an Allium, though.