Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Grey-headed Gull Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 31, 2015 01:43 PM SAST

Place

-25.116..., 31.9126... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Purple Heron Ardea purpurea

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 31, 2015 12:28 PM SAST

Place

-25.121..., 31.9246... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Kori Bustard Ardeotis kori

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 31, 2015 11:36 AM SAST

Place

-24.967..., 31.8860... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Spotted Bush Snake Philothamnus semivariegatus

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 30, 2015 01:29 PM SAST

Place

-25.146..., 31.2098... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Paperbark Thorn Acacia sieberiana

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 30, 2015 07:02 AM SAST

Place

-25.142..., 31.1952... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

smooth sourplum Ximenia caffra

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 29, 2015 05:29 PM SAST

Place

-25.148..., 31.2060... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Little Bee-eater Merops pusillus

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 29, 2015 07:23 AM SAST

Place

-25.133..., 31.2053... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

What

Genus Tadarida

Observer

nick22

Date

March 29, 2015

Place

Mkuze, KwaZuluNatal (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

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What

Black-backed Puffback Dryoscopus cubla

Observer

martinahoelzllwg

Date

May 8, 2010

Place

Littlewood Garden, Knysna, Western Cape, South Africa (Google, OSM)

Description

Just saw a pair yesterday in our garden, but didn't have the camera with me. So this is an older image from our gallery.

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Photos / Sounds

What

Something...

Observer

johnnybirder

Date

March 25, 2015 10:19 AM SAST

Place

2 Heide Street, Klerksdorp, NW, ZA (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

What

Something...

Observer

johnnybirder

Date

March 25, 2015 10:19 AM SAST

Place

19 Iris Avenue, Klerksdorp, NW, ZA (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

What

Something...

Observer

johnnybirder

Date

March 25, 2015 10:18 AM SAST

Place

21 Iris Avenue, Klerksdorp, NW, ZA (Google, OSM)

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What

Red-winged Starling Onychognathus morio

Observer

martinahoelzllwg

Date

May 9, 2009

Place

Littlewood Garden, Knysna, Western Cape, South Africa (Google, OSM)

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What

Speckled Pigeon Columba guinea

Observer

martinahoelzllwg

Date

December 18, 2011

Place

Littlewood Garden, Knysna, Hunters Home, Western Cape, South Africa (Google, OSM)

Description

These Pigeon are quiet common here.

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Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Homo sapiens

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 26, 2015 06:01 PM SAST

Place

-25.311..., 31.1689... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

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What

Achaea echo

Observer

i_c_riddell

Date

December 28, 2014 09:30 AM CAT

Place

Helderberg (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

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What

Nursery Web Spiders Family Pisauridae

Observer

martinahoelzllwg

Date

September 9, 2009

Place

Littlewood Garden, Knysna, Hunters Home, Western Cape, South Africa (Google, OSM)

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Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Southern Tree Agama Acanthocercus atricollis

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 23, 2015 09:55 AM SAST

Place

-24.993..., 31.5926... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Acanthacris ruficornis

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 22, 2015 03:41 PM SAST

Place

-25.111..., 31.2162... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Sable Antelope Hippotragus niger

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 22, 2015 07:23 AM SAST

Place

-25.201..., 31.3311... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Sternocera orissa

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 21, 2015 03:22 PM SAST

Place

-25.183..., 31.2788... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Hibiscus cannabinus

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 20, 2015 08:24 AM SAST

Place

-25.107..., 31.4991... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Black-headed Heron Ardea melanocephala

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 18, 2015 03:19 PM SAST

Place

-25.024..., 31.3338... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Trumpeter Hornbill Ceratogymna bucinator

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 18, 2015 01:34 PM SAST

Place

-24.991..., 31.5907... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Acacia burkei

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 18, 2015 11:58 AM SAST

Place

-24.903..., 31.7517... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Carissa bispinosa

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 18, 2015 11:51 AM SAST

Place

-24.897..., 31.7485... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Leonotis nepetifolia

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 17, 2015 12:23 PM SAST

Place

-25.450..., 31.5129... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Adenium swazicum

Observer

simon1978

Date

March 17, 2015 11:04 AM SAST

Place

-25.427..., 31.5471... (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

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What

Palystes superciliosus

Observer

martinahoelzllwg

Date

March 22, 2015

Place

Littlewood Garden, Knysna, Hunters Home, Western Cape, South Africa (Google, OSM)

Description

They are quiet common and widespread. Their common name is Rain Spider, because they like to come into your house before rain.

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What

African Clawed Frog Xenopus laevis

Observer

martinahoelzllwg

Date

January 27, 2009

Place

Littlewood Garden, Knysna, Hunters Home, Western Cape, South Africa (Google, OSM)

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Photos / Sounds

What

Cape river frog Amietia fuscigula

Observer

martinahoelzllwg

Date

December 23, 2010

Place

Littlewood Garden, Knysna, Hunters Home, Western Cape, South Africa (Google, OSM)

Description

Spotted this beauty in our garden, but we are not sure which species it is. It looks like the frog from my childhood's fairytale that turns into a price when you kiss it.

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What

Ranger's Toad Amietophrynus rangeri

Observer

martinahoelzllwg

Date

March 22, 2009

Place

Littlewood Garden, Knysna, Hunters Home, Western Cape, South Africa (Google, OSM)

Description

I heard one this morning, but use an old picture to show. We call them also Clicking Stream Frog.

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What

Leucadendron nitidum

Observer

peterslingsby

Date

May 23, 2013

Place

Bakkrans Private Reserve, Rooi-Sederberg (Google, OSM)

Description

Starbush

Ant-dependent fynbos plants 15c
Many of these plants are entirely dependent upon myrmecochory [= distribution of their fruits by ants] for fire survival in fynbos.
A male starbush from Bakkrans, showing off its finery. Here I will argue against myself about ‘valid local names’ – our guide, a lifelong local, insisted that the common name of this beautiful star bush was ‘donkiepis’. Why that name surely goodness and mercy only knows. Not a resprouter after fire: 100% ant depend-ant. The ants this time were Anoplolepis custodiens – at last!
See www.ants.org.za for more info

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Photos / Sounds

What

Leucadendron nitidum

Observer

peterslingsby

Date

June 6, 2011

Place

Sterrebosbank near Maltese Cross, Cederberg (Google, OSM)

Description

Starbush

Ant-dependent fynbos plants 15b
Many of these plants are entirely dependent upon myrmecochory [= distribution of their fruits by ants] for fire survival in fynbos.
This lovely little conebush is known to the locals as ‘sterrebos’ [star bush], a truly lovely name for a plant with silvery yellow, star-shaped inflorescences that mimic the shining lights in the huge, star-filled skies of the Cederberg. These come from the Sterrebosbank, the slopes of the huge shale band that encircles Sneeuberg, highest peak in the Cederberg: a magnificent setting for a magnificent plant that is very sadly demoted to ‘Bokkeveld Conebush’ in The Book. It’s very best locality isn’t even in the Bokkeveld. Surely local common names are the most valid ones that there are! The female with its small involucral leaves and pink inflorescence is typical of the sprawling form that occurs on the high, snow-slopes of these mountains. The males, from the same area, are more conventional in form.
Not a resprouter after fire: 100% ant depend-ant. The only ants we could find up there were Anoplolepis steingroeveri.
See www.ants.org.za for more info

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What

Leucadendron nitidum

Observer

peterslingsby

Date

July 19, 2008

Place

Bakkrans Private Reserve, Rooi-Sederberg (Google, OSM)

Description

Ant-dependent fynbos plants 15a
Many of these plants are entirely dependent upon myrmecochory [= distribution of their fruits by ants] for fire survival in fynbos.
One of the few Leucadendrons that employ ants to distribute their grey, wedge-shaped fruits, a fact not noted in the books although in Sasol Proteas Rebelo does refer to the ‘grey ... double ridge down the upper surface’ of the fruits which is, of course, the elaiosome or ant-attract-ant.
The plant is not a resprouter and the importance of myrmecochory for species survival is beautifully demonstrated by this lovely little tolbos: between Welbedacht and Driehoek in the Cederberg there used to be a plantation of pines [P. radiata I think]. Planted in the 1930s, by the time these trees were destroyed by fire in the 1990s they were enormous, with nary a shred of fynbos growing beneath them. After the fire thousands of Leucadendron nitidum seedlings appeared, from fruits safely buried beneath the soil more than 60 years earlier, and waiting safely for the moment to emerge. Buried, let it be said, by Our Heroes Anoplolepis steingroeveri ...
See www.ants.org.za for more info

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What

Diastella divaricata ssp. divaricata

Observer

peterslingsby

Date

December 6, 2009

Place

Near Olifantsbos, Cape Point (Google, OSM)

Description

Peninsula silkypuff

Ant-dependent fynbos plants 14
Many of these plants are entirely dependent upon myrmecochory [= distribution of their fruits by ants] for fire survival in fynbos.
Lovely little proteas with ridiculously large fruits for their size, like small pincushions with all-over white/grey elaiosomes [ant-attract-ants]. Not a resprouter after fire: 100% ant depend-ant, and the ants all over their sandy habitat are Anoplolepis steingroeveri.
See www.ants.org.za for more info

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What

Sonderothamnus petraeus

Observer

peterslingsby

Date

February 18, 2012

Place

Kleinmond Nature Reserve (Google, OSM)

Description

Klipsterretjies
Ant-dependent fynbos plants 13
Many of these plants are entirely dependent upon myrmecochory [= distribution of their fruits by ants] for fire survival in fynbos.
Embarrassingly, this might be Amida John’s pic, not my own – I have managed to get our Sonderothamnuses mixed up – as perhaps one does, with such tiny flowers. So apologies to Amida if it’s not mine, and acknowledgments to Amida if it’s hers.
These tiny, magnificent Penaeaceae grow in fantastically improbable cracks in boulders and, if you wondered why they are myrmecochores, so do I. No respectable ant ever nested up there in those tiny cracks. However, they have clear elaiosomes [ant-attract-ants] on their fruits and whenever it’s not too hot lots of ants are to be seen sprinting all over the rocks. And the ants? Why! Anoplolepis steingroeveri, of course. Plant probably a resprouter?
See www.ants.org.za for more info

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What

Saltera sarcocolla

Observer

peterslingsby

Date

October 20, 2011

Place

Kleinmond Nature Reserve (Google, OSM)

Description

Vliebos
Ant-dependent fynbos plants 12d
Many of these plants are entirely dependent upon myrmecochory [= distribution of their fruits by ants] for fire survival in fynbos.
Lovely Kleinmond form with the biggest flowers of them all, delicately bicolored. Vigorous resprouter. The ants? One of the smaller variants of Anoplolepis custodiens, would you believe! Now there’s a change!
See www.ants.org.za for more info

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What

Saltera sarcocolla

Observer

peterslingsby

Date

December 28, 2006

Place

Steenberg Peak, Silvermine (Google, OSM)

Description

Vliebos

Ant-dependent fynbos plants 12c
Many of these plants are entirely dependent upon myrmecochory [= distribution of their fruits by ants] for fire survival in fynbos.
Lovely dark pink form that grows [or will soon grow again] along the path to Fat Lady Cave on Steenberg Peak. Anoplolepis steingroeveri is again the ant. Vigorous resprouter.
See www.ants.org.za for more info

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What

Saltera sarcocolla

Observer

peterslingsby

Date

August 3, 2006

Place

Back of Judas Peak, Cape Point (Google, OSM)

Description

vlieebos
Ant-dependent fynbos plants 12b
Many of these plants are entirely dependent upon myrmecochory [= distribution of their fruits by ants] for fire survival in fynbos.
This is the ‘runt’ form of Saltera, which shares this status with some very tiny, straggly Mimetes cucullatus that apparently also struggle to survive on the gravelly slopes on the west side of Judas Peak. However, the fruits are just as big as they are in the ornery version and the ants are Anoplolepis steingroeveri. Vigorous resprouter.
See www.ants.org.za for more info

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What

Saltera sarcocolla

Observer

peterslingsby

Date

March 12, 2006

Place

Waterfalls, near Hermanus (Google, OSM)

Description

vlieebos
Many of these plants are entirely dependent upon myrmecochory [= distribution of their fruits by ants] for fire survival in fynbos.
The Kleinmond-Hermanus specimens from this species are often a paler pink but with larger flowers than the Silvermine version. Rudolf Marloth [of course, who else] picked up in the 1920s that the fruits have prominent elaiosomes that attracted ants, but he failed to spot the process in thousands of other fynbos plants. He failed, too, to understand that fire-survival in hundreds of species is absolutely dependent upon myrmecochory; in the 1920s he wrote that ‘reckless burning’ would lead to ‘the certainty of the extinction of many species’. Like Serruria florida and Mimetes stokoei, of course [both myrmecochores]. Once again the six-legged protagonists around this plant were ... Anoplolepis steingroeveri. Sigh. Vigorous resprouter.
See www.ants.org.za for more info

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What

Brachysiphon fucatus

Observer

peterslingsby

Date

July 19, 2006

Place

Western Table, Table Mountain (Google, OSM)

Description

Sissies
Ant-dependent fynbos plants 11
Many of these plants are entirely dependent upon myrmecochory [= distribution of their fruits by ants] for fire survival in fynbos.
This startling little beauty was growing close to the cliff-edge above Platteklip Gorge. The fruits and elaiosomes [ant-attract-ants] are very small and look as though small-sized ants could be involved. But ... don’t hold your breathe. The only ants around were Anoplolepis steingroeveri.
What more can we say? Resprouter or non-resprouter? Dunno.
See www.ants.org.za for more info

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What

Psoralea pinnata

Observer

peterslingsby

Date

January 1, 2009

Place

Footpath on Patiencie Stream, Smitswinkel Bay (Google, OSM)

Description

fountain bush
Ant-dependent fynbos plants 10
Many of these plants are entirely dependent upon myrmecochory [= distribution of their fruits by ants] for fire survival in fynbos.

Another bog-lover, I suspect that once again Camponotus niveosetosus is the primary suspect in burying the fruit of these plants – see obs about Osmitopsis asteriscoides. However, all I can say is that the fruits have elaiosomes [ant attractants] and what for we don’t yet know. Not for bees, that’s for sure: those go for the lekker-smelling flowers. The scent is like a commercial kind of pain-killing muthi for mewling infants ... Not a resprouter after fire: 100% ant depend-ant.
See www.ants.org.za for more info

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What

Podalyria sericea

Observer

peterslingsby

Date

May 27, 2007

Place

Waterfall road, Silvermine (Google, OSM)

Description

silver waterblossom pea
Ant-dependent fynbos plants 9
Many of these plants are entirely dependent upon myrmecochory [= distribution of their fruits by ants] for fire survival in fynbos.

These guys are not common, but a cursory study at Silvermine showed them growing all along the side of the waterfall road [now burnt, sob] [or smile, if you’re a hard-hearted, non-aesthetic botanist] where the ants running around in very large numbers were Anoplolepis. So this plant might restore some faith in fynbos’s mightiest ant-hero. Not a resprouter after fire: 100% ant depend-ant.
See www.ants.org.za for more info

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What

Podalyria calyptrata

Observer

peterslingsby

Date

September 16, 2008

Place

Stream path near Silvermine Reservoir (Google, OSM)

Description

waterblossom pea
Ant-dependent fynbos plants 8
Many of these plants are entirely dependent upon myrmecochory [= distribution of their fruits by ants] for fire survival in fynbos.

The distributor of Podalyria seeds is a bit of a mystery number, as our friend Anoplolepis seems to be really disinterested in the hard, chalky elaiosomes [ant attractants] that Podalyrias stick onto their seeds. This could be one that Ponerine ants go for. Pheidoles have been suspected but they are seed-harvesters [ie they eat seeds for grub, not just the elaiosomes] and can’t be trusted. Not a resprouter after fire: 100% ant depend-ant.
See www.ants.org.za for more info

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What

Liparia vestita

Observer

peterslingsby

Date

February 21, 2008

Place

Highlands plantation, Kogelberg (Google, OSM)

Description

Ant-dependent fynbos plants 7
Many of these plants are entirely dependent upon myrmecochory [= distribution of their fruits by ants] for fire survival in fynbos.

Silver peas grow typically at altitudes above about 200 m in the Kogelberg; the only active ants in the habitat are, once again, Anoplolepis steingroeveri. Not a resprouter after fire: 100% ant depend-ant.
Apologies for a very poor photo; the shrubs are leggy but very pretty.
See www.ants.org.za for more info

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What

Liparia splendens ssp. splendens

Observer

peterslingsby

Date

May 3, 2009

Place

Near Kleinplaas Dam, Red Hill (Google, OSM)

Description

Ant-dependent fynbos plants 6b
Many of these plants are entirely dependent upon myrmecochory [= distribution of their fruits by ants] for fire survival in fynbos.

Thankfully these mountain dahlias, from near Kleinplaas dam on Red Hill, had no Crematogasters in the flowers and the ground was alive with Anoplolepis steingroeveri, thus restoring our faith in the process [and our confidence in our favourite ants]. Vigorous resprouters after fire, not totally dependent upon seedling recruitment.
See www.ants.org.za for more info

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What

Brown-hooded Kingfisher Halcyon albiventris

Observer

martinahoelzllwg

Date

January 21, 2014

Place

Littlewood Garden, Knysna, Hunters Home, Western Cape, South Africa (Google, OSM)

Description

They are quiet common here in the area.

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What

Amethyst Sunbird Chalcomitra amethystina

Observer

martinahoelzllwg

Date

February 18, 2009

Place

Littlewood Garden, Knysna, Hunters Home, Western Cape, South Africa (Google, OSM)

Description

Amethyst Sunbird or Black Sunbird (former: Nectarinia amethystina) are very common here and we see them every day.

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What

Cape Wagtail Motacilla capensis

Observer

martinahoelzllwg

Date

October 5, 2012

Place

Littlewood Gardnen, Knysna, Hunters Home, Western Cape, South Africa (Google, OSM)

Description

They are very common here and can be seen every day. They adopted well to humans and walk through restaurants and also into houses. They love cheese and come every morning for a little snack. If the door is open, they walk right into the house and wait in front of the fridge.

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