Bats migrate nightly around 7pm. Thousands and thousands of them dot the sky: http://sizzleteen.blogspot.com/2013/04/field-trip-to-ilorin.html
Female Epomops caught under the canopy of a Cocoa agro-forest.
Caught along roadside vegetation between two Cocoa Agro-forest patches.
Caught by road side vegetation between two Cocoa Agro-forest patches in Western Nigeria.
One or two of them often visits the papaya trees at night, contaminating the fruits and splattering red-orange matter over the plant leaves and car windshield by morning.
Video taken of hundred of bats appearing after sundown in the middle of Benin City, Nigeria.
Trip to Ghana & Nigeria 2011. Bats seen pouring into the sky at sundown. Benin City, Nigeria.
At end of all days we sow a lot of that kind of Bats for at least one week.
The local was at Agbara states, Ikoyi
Bats scared out of two large trees observed as we were driving through the bush. They flew around fro a few minutes and landed back in the two large trees.
Bat was found dead, hanging on a guava tree.
A maternal colony of Hypsignathus mostrosus roosting in an artificial structure - the gallery roof of a 15 m high building. I was the breeding season and adult females had their babies hurdled under their wings. Just a really lovely sight to see.
Gambian epauletted fruit bat
Emenite factory - Emene - Enugu
Enugu State - Nigeria
Early-maturing improved open-pollinated variety that is even earlier than local early-maturing 'gero' millet
Unidentified broad-leaf weed, likely a member of the genus Sida in the family Malvaceae
Short-statured (ca 60 cm tall), tillering bunchgrass with purple-pigmented bristled panicles containing dehiscent bur-like florets that stick to clothing or fur.
Improved short-duration grain-type cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) variety resistant to witchweed (Striga gesnerioides)
Yellow-barred black cantarid beetles feeding on emerging stigmas and anthers of a pearl millet inflorescence (panicle) that is just starting to flower.
Photos of standing plants prior to harvest, harvested plants drying on the soil, panicles drying on straw prior to threshing, decorticated grain soaked overnight and ready for pounding, and millet balls prepared from the cooked dough and ready for human consumption.
Tall (1.2 m), highly tillering bunch grass with red-pigmented bristles in inflorescence. Could be Cenchrus ciliaris or Cenchrus biflorus. Poor photo.
Unidentified Cassia sp., approximately 1 m tall, growing in farmyard. Erect sickle-like pods (8 cm x 0.4 cm), and bright yellow flowers. Pinnately compound leaflets. Grows to 2 m tall, and stem diameter can exceed 2.5 cm.
This species is reputed to be useful in controlling infestions of Striga hermonthica on cereals including maize, sorghum and pearl millet. Note pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) and farmer (Homo sapiens) in background of photo.
Boabab (Adansonia digitata) tree in farmyear. Note large leaves of castor (Ricinus communis) in foreground of photo.
Domesticated Helmeted Guinea Fowl (Numida meleagris); these birds provide smallholder farmers in the Sudano-Sahelian region with a readily-marketable way to produce value-added sorghum, millet and/or maize
Light-purple flowered witchweed (Striga gesnerioides) parasitizing cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), with devastating effect on the grain-legume crop.
Pink-flowered witchweed (Striga hermonthica) parasitizing pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum)
Sesame grown in association with pearl millet, as part of integrated soil fertility and Striga management on the pearl millet crop
Abyssinian roller in a road-side neem tree
Unidentified small tree, with bi-pinnate leaves and racemes of small white flowers. Growing in a hedgerow at the west end of a groundnut field on the Minjibir Agricultural Research Station
Small tree (3 m) belonging to the Caesalpinaceae, having racemes of white flowers and short (10-15 cm), broad (5 cm), wavy pods. Leaf blades similar to those of Bauhinia.
Piliostigma reticulatum (DC.) Hochst. = Bauhinia reticultata DC.
Herbaceous annual of the Spiderwort family; having small blue flowers, each with very small yellow anthers. A common weed.
Water hyacinth is one of hte worst weeds in the world; here it covers about 20 m of the surface of the reservoir, along its shore adjacent to the Minjibir Agricultural Research Station
Trial of cultivated pearl millet being conducted at the Minjibir Agricultural Research Station
Ornamental tree, introduced from Madagascar via Eastern Africa, growing on the IITA portion of the Minjibir Agricultural Research Station. Known variously as the Flamboyant or Gul Mohur. Large orange-red and white flowers, and very large sickle-shaped pods. Large bi-pinnate leaves.
Groundnut in trial being conducted at the Minjibir Agricultural Research Station
Densely foliaged tree of ca 8 m height, with grey and scaly bark on uniculm trunk, on NW corner of groundnut trial field at the Minjibir Agricultural Research Station. Leaves bipinnate with very small leaflets. Small flowers, not showy, in racemes. Commonly cultivated tree -- tamarind.
Small tree belonging to the Mimosaceae, with flowers arranged in bi-colored racemes, with pink pistillate flowers at the base of the raceme and yellow staminate flowers at the apex of the raceme. Growing on border of groundnut trial field at Minjibir Agricultural Research Station
Group of three baobab trees in a groundnut field in the northwest corner of the Minjibir Agricultural Research Station. Large, white and pendulant flowers that look like they could be pollinated by bats.
Larger of two species of dragonfly swarming together downwind of a group of baobab trees; photograph of one resting on the soil surface