Commonly called Black-Tufted Rock Moss. Referring to brighter green moss pictured directly below Red Roof Moss (the one with all the large sporophytes). Difficult to see in photo, but sample was almost black on the bottom and brighter green on the top and un-branched. As you can see in photo, was growing on a rocky, periodically-wet substrate.
Commonly called Red Roof Moss or Fire Moss. Difficult to see in this picture, but I found this moss all over the bridge, suspected it to be Red Roof Moss because it commonly grows in a variety of usually inhospitable habitats (like sidewalks). Further, it had the distinctive red-green coloring of the Red Roof Moss. Also examined the sporophyte under the dissecting microscope, and recognized the distinctive shape of its capsule.
On Scarlet Hawthorne branches near medicinal herb garden on UW campus.
Some sort of bright yellow lichen. Consisting of smal growths that are not leaf like and do not hang off of the growing surface.
Referring to the orange lichen pictured here. Observed on cement wall near Botany greenhouse on UW campus.
Observed on wooden bench outside botany greenhouse on UW campus.
Some sort of dark brown moss or lichen with stems coming out of it similar to those stamen in flowering plants. The tips of these stamen-like growths are orange with a different consistency.
This was one among maybe 30 tufts of lichen growing on a leaf-less deciduous tree. Many other varieties were also taking over the branches of this small tree that may have been dead!