Location: Conneaut Swamp and Wildlife Area
Habitat: Mature Beech Maple and mixed birch forest.
Growth stage: in flower, producing spores.
In sunny disturbed roadside.
Many plants, covering about 100 m2, growing in moist deciduous woods, stems at or near the surface.
Growing in sandy soil, below black cherries and big tooth aspens, horizontal stems superficial.
The Lycopodiaceae (class Lycopodiopsida, order Lycopodiales) are a family of primitive nonvascular plants, including all of the core clubmosses. These plants bear spores on specialized structures at the apex of a shoot; they resemble a tiny battle club, from which the common name derives. They are non-flowering and do not produce seeds.