Carpeting rocks which look like they are serpentine. Erect plants with rooting only at base so may be Selaginella bigelovii.
Covering most of forest floor
Terrestrial under hard beech (Fuscospora truncata) canopy. Ground cover otherwise sparse: hound's tongue fern (Microsorum pustulatum), ink berry (Dianella nigra), seedlings of Coprosma rhamnoides, shining karamu (Coprosma lucida).
On rock in hard beech (Fuscospora truncata) forest. With kidney fern (Hymenophyllum nephrophyllum) and filmy fern (H. sanguinolentum).
Upper Hutt, Pinehaven, Wi Tako Reserve. Terrestrial under Fuscospora truncata canopy. Ground cover otherwise sparse: Microsorum pustulatum, Dianella nigra, Coprosma rhamnoides, Coprosma lucida seedlings. JRR16006.
Amongst tangle fern (Gleichenia microphylla), Gahnia setifolia under manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) and kamahi (Weinmannia racemosa).
Lycopodiopsida is a class of plants often loosely grouped as the fern allies. Traditionally the group included not only the clubmosses and firmosses, but also the spikemosses (Selaginella and relatives) and the quillworts (Isoetes and relatives). However, the latter are now usually separated off into a separate class, Isoetopsida.