Growing beneath the crown of a non-native palm.
Outside of someone's garden
shaded garden wall
Both sides of track
Data from study by Jon Sullivan, Susan Timmins, and Peter Williams (see NZ Journal of Ecology 31(1) 2007 for methods). This observation is from five randomly located 5 m radius plots along a 50 m transect inside a stand of old kanuka ( site W_11 ). This transect had a mean canopy height of 4.1 m.
Tuber ladder fern, (Nephrolepis cordifolia) is a fern native to northern Australia and Asia. It has many common names including erect sword fern, narrow sword fern and ladder fern, fishbone fern, and herringbone fern. It is similar to the related fern Nephrolepis exaltata.