Looks like cramp balls (D. grandis), however there are many other D. species and I don't personally know enough about their appearance, distribution, or differentiation to feel I can give a positive ID.
My photos are horrible, but it was an interesting little lichen. Growing on tree bark.
Cladonia to the left and right, to be sure, but what about the green on top, white on bottom stuff in the middle with smaller apothecia? Growing on soil, or maybe moss.
Ascomycota is a Division/Phylum of the kingdom Fungi that, together with the Basidiomycota, form the subkingdom Dikarya. Its members are commonly known as the sac fungi. They are the largest phylum of Fungi, with over 64,000 species. The defining feature of this fungal group is the "ascus" (from Greek: ἀσκός (askos), meaning "sac" or "wineskin"), a microscopic sexual structure in which nonmotile spores, called ascospores, are formed. However, some species of the Ascomycota are asexual, meaning...