Common to abundant; forming nearly pure stands with occasional buttonbush and dogwood along margin of boggy wetland; becoming less frequent in swamp forest. Some plants had completely lost their leaves by this time and made quite an impressive display with their naked twigs bedecked in bright red berries.
shrub with red berries in wet area
Spicebush or Ilex verticillata
Ilex verticillata, the winterberry, is a species of holly native to eastern North America in the United States and southeast Canada, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Minnesota, and south to Alabama.