A very common ground cover species growing throughout the forest.
Habitat: Mixed conifer sitka spruce forest nestled between the oceanside and marshy areas. Very moist & dense forest at sea level.
Vegetation: Ground cover species present included Gaultheria shallon, Vaccinium spp, Maianthemum dilatatum, & various mosses.
Weather: Overcast day, slightly cloudy and drizzly. Cooler by the shore, around mid 60's
Take 101 West and follow signs to Ocean Shores.
Trail side in Douglas Fir forest; Partly cloudy day.
basal leaves of bog orchid
False lily of the valley. Waxy oval-shaped leaves with pointy apex and heart shaped base. White flower buds off of stalk sticking straight up above leaves. Grey/green berries with brown/red blotches.
Overcast in the morning turning to sunny and clear with a few scattered clouds.
Habitat: moist, mixed deciduous / conifer woods
Full to dappled shade
Plant associations: Buttercup, trailing blackberry, Overstory: Red alder (Alnus rubra), Western red cedar (Thuja plicata)
Fruits: small, round berries, light green and mottled reddish
Leaves: alternate, broadly heart shaped and smooth
Located within a seasonally moist grove of Thuja plicata. M. dilatatum is the dominant ground cover.
False Lily of the Valley
Date 29 June 2013
- From US Highway 101 turn west onto the Skokomish Valley Road (6 miles north of Shelton and 7 miles south of Hoodsport)
- Drive west on the Skokomish Valley Road from the George Adams State Fish Hatchery for about 5 miles to FS Road 23.
- Turn right onto FS 23 and drive 9.0 miles to FS Road 2353.
- Turn right onto FS 2353 and drive approximately ¾ mile to the South Fork Skokomish River Bridge.
- Turn left after the bridge, the parking area for the trail head will be on your left about .2 miles down South Fork Skokomish Trailhead.
- It's along the trail intermittently.
Weather: Sunny and warm ~80F
Habitat: Understory groundcover, in moist soil, in mature doug fir/hemlock forest.
Species seen: Vaccinium parviflorum, Polystichum munitum, Rubus parviflorus, Pseudotsuga menziesii, Mahonia nervosa, Tsuga heterophylla, Alnus rubra, Gaultheria shallon, Frageria spp., Rubus spectabilis, Pteridium aquilinum, Acer circinatus, etc..
Comments: Pretty little groundcover. Looks a bit like Asarum spp., but without the netted venation. Wikipedia says it's edible and medicinal. I wonder if it's delectable?
Description: heart shaped leaves with parallel venation, rhizomatous, growing in clusters
Habitat: Side of trail, about 1.5 mile from trailhead, higher elevation. Mature, coniferous forest with deciduous shrubs.
Vegetation: Mossy ground cover, understory mostly red huckleberry, swordfern, salal, and dull oregon grape.
From US Highway 101 turn west onto the Skokomish Valley Road (6 miles north of Shelton and 7 miles south of Hoodsport)
Drive west on the Skokomish Valley Road from the George Adams State Fish Hatchery for about 5 miles to FS Road 23.
Turn right onto FS 23 and drive 9.0 miles to FS Road 2353. Turn right onto FS 2353 and drive approximately ¾ mile to the South Fork Skokomish River Bridge.
turn left after the bridge, the parking area for the trail head will be on your left about .2 miles down South Fork Skokomish Trailhead.
-nice day (~26-30°C in sun)
from US Highway 101 turn west onto Skokomish Valley Road (6 mi. north of Shelton, 7 mi. south of Hoodsport). Drive west on Skokomish Valley Road from George Adams State Fish Hatchery for ~5 mi. to FS Road 23. Turn right onto FS 23 and drive ~9 mi. to FS 2353. Turn right onto FS 2353, drive ~3/4 mi. to south fork Skokomish River Bridge. Turn left after the bridge, the parking lot for the trail head will be on your left ~.2 mi. down south fork Skokomish trailhead.
-Location: south fork of Skokomish river trail, ~2 mi. in, on trail
generally well established Pseudotsuga menziesii/Tsuga heterophylla forest. surrounding area is mostly Polystichum munitum (or Athyrium filix-femina), some Pteridium aquilinum and even a little Adiantum pedatum in the area. The moss on the log seemed to be mostly Kindbergia oregana (i'm unsure though).
Species observed: Maianthemum dilatatum. Although the parallel venation and heart-shaped point are very similar to false lily of the valley, the point does not seem as pronounced as other photos i'm referencing. Still needs i.d. for confirmation.
Maianthemum dilatatum (snakeberry, two-leaved Solomon's seal or false lily of the valley) is a common rhizomatous perennial flowering plant that is native to western North America from northern California to the Aleutian islands, and Asia across the Kamchatka Peninsula, Japan, and Korea. It grows in coastal temperate rainforests, and is often the dominant groundcover plant in Sitka Spruce forests.