Small Dicroglossid frog (SVL 28 mm). Unidentified.
Limnonectes visayanus (Philippine Wart Frog) is a giant frog that belongs to Dicroglossidae family. This species is endemic to islands of Masbate, Cebu, Negros, Guimaras, Panay and Siquijor (the central islands) in the Philippines. Listed as Vulnerable because its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat and in the number of mature individuals. It inhabits cool streams and rivers in lower montane and lowland forests. This species is threatened by severe deforestation and the pollution of streams and rivers from agricultural waste and mine-tailings. It is also heavily exploited by humans for food. Even if this species is recorded from from several protected areas, there is a need for improved protection of the remaining rainforest on the islands, especially aquatic habitats and gallery forests. Also, the regulation and proper disposal of pesticides and herbicides must be included and a need to work with local communities to ensure that human exploitation of this species is managed sustainably.
The true frogs, family Ranidae, have the widest distribution of any frog family. They are abundant throughout most of the world, occurring on most continents except Antarctica. The true frogs are present in North America, northern South America, Europe, Asia, Madagascar, Africa, and from the East Indies to New Guinea; the species native to Australia—the Australian wood frog (Hylarana daemelii)—is restricted to the far north.