Fremont's goosefoot

Chenopodium fremontii

SUMMARY 5

By Thu, 10th grade, Menaul School

Chenopodium fremontii is a species of flowering plant in the amaranth family known by the common name Frémont's goosefoot. Both the species' specific epithet, and the common name derive from the 19th century western pioneer John C. Frémont.

BOTANICAL INFORMATION 6

Name of the plant: Frémont’s Goosefoot (Wild Spinach)
Scientific name: Chenopodium fremontii
Other names: chénopode de Frémont (French), chuale blanco (Spanish)
Family: Amaranthaceae
Botanical characteristics:
Group: Dicotyledon
Height: approximately 1.6 - 2.6 ft
Plant type: Annual herb
Leaf shape: up to 4cm long with oval or triangular shaped with a few lobes
Flower: Spike inflorescence with several clusters of tightly-packed tiny flowers. Each flower has five lobes and coats the developing fruit. It flowers from June to October.

ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION 6

Native status: The plant is native to much of the western half of North America from Canada through California to Mexico.
Habitats: diverse (desert, cliffs, moist shaded area under aspens, junipers, pinyons, etc.) Especially, you can find the plant here in New Mexico, somewhere near the Los Alamos area.
Ecology: shaded places and evergreen forests.

ETHNOBOTANICAL INFORMATION 7

Uses: The greens would be used as vegetables and the seeds would be used as grains for bread and porridge.
Side information: Many species of this genus have leaves and seeds that contain saponins. Although it’s toxic to animals such as fishes, they are poorly absorbed by the body and don’t cause any problems. The plants also contains oxalic acid, which are nutritious to vegetables in reasonable quantities and could be reduced when cooking.

Works Cited 6

Works cited
USDA “Chenopodium fremontii S. Watson Fremont's goosefoot” https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=chfr3
Jepson Manual Treatment “Chenopodium fremontii” http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?3084,3147,3158
Flora of North America “Chenopodium fremontii” http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=242415431
Pollen Library “Fremont's Goosefoot (Chenopodium fremontii)” http://www.pollenlibrary.com/Specie/Chenopodium+fremontii/
California Native Plant Society “Frémont’s Goosefoot” https://calscape.org/Chenopodium-fremontii-()
Plants For A Future “Chenopodium fremontii - Watson.” https://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Chenopodium+fremontii

Sources and Credits

  1. (c) Jerry Oldenettel, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA), https://www.flickr.com/photos/jroldenettel/7665615368/
  2. (c) Keir Morse, all rights reserved, uploaded by thumai, https://www.inaturalist.org/photos/34031333
  3. (c) Mary Krieger, some rights reserved (CC BY), https://www.inaturalist.org/photos/22376823
  4. (c) James Bailey, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), https://www.inaturalist.org/photos/8315862
  5. Adapted by smiller33 from a work by (c) Wikipedia, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chenopodium_fremontii
  6. (c) thumai, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA)
  7. Adapted by smiller33 from a work by (c) thumai, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA)

More Info

iNat Map

Leaf oval, triangular