Tuatara

Sphenodon punctatus

Summary 2

Tuatara are reptiles endemic to New Zealand. Although resembling most lizards, they are part of a distinct lineage, the order Rhynchocephalia. Their name derives from the Māori language, and means "peaks on the back". The single species of tuatara is the only surviving member of its order, which flourished around 200 million years ago. Their most recent common ancestor with any other extant group is with the squamates (lizards and snakes). For this reason, tuatara are...

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  1. (c) digitaltrails, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA), https://www.flickr.com/photos/digitaltrails/6656523831/
  2. (c) Wikipedia, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sphenodon_punctatus

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