Spotted Towhee

Pipilo maculatus

Summary 4

The Spotted Towhee (Pipilo maculatus) is a large sparrow with a black head, chest and back with white spots on the wings and back, rust colored flanks and a white belly. Females are similar except that they are brown instead of black.

To hear an example of Spotted Towhee sounds: http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Spotted_Towhee/sounds

Where on campus? 5

Spotted Towhees are commonly seen in the California Native Plant Garden, and on the ground in the Eucalyptus grove between parking lots 5 and 6. They can also be seen in the edge habitats around the creeks that border the campus.

Habitat? 5

Spotted Towhees can be found in shrubby habitats as well as fields, forest edges and backyards.

Life History 5

Nesting Spotted Towhees nest on the ground and the female beuilds a nest out of bark, leaves and other dried plant material in a depression.

Feeding Spotted Towhees spend a lot of time foraging in leaf litter and eat a large variety of invertebrates. They also eat a wide variety of plant seeds and berries including blackberry, poison oak and acorns.

Distribution 5

Spotted Towhees are primarily found in Western North America.

Migration 5

Spotted Towhees are residents in our area.

Sources and Credits

  1. (c) sarbhloh, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND), http://www.flickr.com/photos/29452402@N07/2939912802
  2. (c) Robert Sivinski, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), http://eol.org/data_objects/20835752
  3. (c) Walter Siegmund, some rights reserved (CC BY), http://eol.org/data_objects/26811963
  4. Adapted by gillian360 from a work by (c) Wikipedia, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pipilo_maculatus
  5. (c) gillian360, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA)

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