California Quail

Callipepla californica

Summary 4

The California Quail (Callipepla californica) is the state bird of California. California Quail are plump, short-necked game birds with a small head and bill and short, broad wings. Males are gray and brown with a black face outlined with white. Females are plainer brown and lack facial marks. Both sexes have a comma-shaped topknot of feathers projecting forward from the forehead, longer in males than females. Adult males are rich gray and brown all over except they have white and chestnut scales on the belly. , with a black face outlined with bold white stripes. Females are a plainer brown above and lack the facial markings of the males.

They are usually found in groups called coveys.

To hear sounds made by California Quail:

Where on campus? 5

California Quail are mostly seen in the area around the California Native Plant Garden and the western side of campus.

Habitat 5

California Quail are primarily found in Oak Woodlands, Chaparral, Coastal Scrub and the high desert. While they primarily feed on the ground, they roost in trees and shrubs.

Life History 5

Nesting California Quail are ground nesting birds that create small depression nests lined with grass and other vegetation, usually hidden under shrubs. Females may lay up to 16 eggs and may brood up to 2 times/year. Chicks are precocial and will begin following the parents and eat seed immediately.

Feeding California Quail are seed eaters although they will also eat leaves: leaves, flowers, catkins, grain, manzanita, toyon and poison oak berries, acorns, and invertebrates such as caterpillars, beetles, mites, millipedes, and snails.

Distribution 5

Native to Western North America, but introduced to New Zealand, Hawaii, South America, Australia.

Migration 5


Sources and Credits

  1. (c) Minette, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC),
  2. (c) Brocken Inaglory, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA),
  3. (c) Flickr, some rights reserved (CC BY),
  4. Adapted by gillian360 from a work by (c) Wikipedia, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA),
  5. (c) gillian360, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA)

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