Upland Sandpiper

Bartramia longicauda

Summary 7

The Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda) is a large sandpiper, closely related to the curlews (Thomas, 2004). Older names are the Upland Plover and Bartram's Sandpiper. It is the only member of the genus Bartramia. The genus name and the old common name Bartram's Sandpiper commemorate the American naturalist William Bartram. The name "Bartram's Sandpiper" was made popular by Alexander Wilson, who was taught ornithology and natural history illustration by Bartram.

Bartramia longicauda 8

Appropriately patterned for its habitat, the Upland Sandpiper may be identified by its plump, mottled gray-brown body and large size (11 ½ inches). Other characteristics of this species include large black eyes, long yellow bill, and long legs. Males and females are similar to one another in all seasons. The Upland Sandpiper breeds primarily across a large portion of the northern Great Plains. Outside of this core range, smaller breeding areas occur in Alaska, the Great Lakes region, and in the northeastern United States. In fall, this species leaves North America entirely to winter in southern South America. Unusually for a shorebird, the Upland Sandpiper tends to stay away from the coast, living instead in interior grasslands. On its breeding grounds, this species prefers dry grassland with moderate vegetation and ground cover. This species utilizes the same type of habitat on its winter range in South America. Upland Sandpipers primarily subsist on insects and larvae, with smaller quantities of plant matter taken at any season. The Upland Sandpiper may best be seen foraging for food in low vegetation. This species builds its nest in patches of taller vegetation, and are thus difficult to observe nesting. Upland Sandpipers are most active during the day.

Threat Status: Least concern

Sources and Credits

  1. (c) Jerry Oldenettel, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA), http://www.flickr.com/photos/7457894@N04/2657117606
  2. DarioNizUruguay, no known copyright restrictions (public domain), https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0a/BATITU_Bartramia_longicauda.jpg
  3. (c) Johnath, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA), https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ad/UplandSandpiperOntario.jpg
  4. (c) Johnath, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA), https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cf/UplandSandpiperOntarioCropped.jpg
  5. (c) Johnathan Nightingale from Canada, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA), https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Bartramia_longicauda_Kawartha_Lakes.jpg
  6. (c) Dawn Scranton from Cornwall, Ontario, Canada, some rights reserved (CC BY), https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/26/Bartramia_longicauda_Ottawa.jpg
  7. (c) Wikipedia, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bartramia_longicauda
  8. (c) Unknown, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA), http://eol.org/data_objects/22710026

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