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What

Cayman Least Gecko Sphaerodactylus argivus

Observer

caymannature

Date

July 10, 2015 12:32 PM EDT

Description

Cayman Least Gecko, Ground Gecko, Wood Lizard - Sphaerodactylus argivus. Each of the 3 islands has its own endemic subspecies – S.a. lewisi – Grand Cayman; S.a.bartschi – Little Cayman and S.a. argivus – Cayman Brac.

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What

Black Witch Ascalapha odorata

Observer

caymannature

Date

June 8, 2016 06:08 PM EDT

Description

Black Witch moth or Duppy Bat - Ascalapha odorata (male), Family: EREBIDAE, wingspan: 6.25in / 15.9cm.
Photo: Ann Stafford, Grand Cayman, June 8, 2016.
https://picasaweb.google.com/101164065346884869793/CaymANNatureButterfliesMothsAndTheirPlants#

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What

Spiny Fiddlewood Citharexylum spinosum

Observer

caymannature

Date

October 17, 2009

Description

White Fiddlewood (Fiddlewood – US) - Citharexylum spinosum = C. fruticosum, Family: VERBENACEAE, Endangered.
OPPOSITE leaves, white flowers are very fragrant in the evening. Orange fruits turn shiny black, which birds love to eat. Only the young leaves have toothed edges. Flora of the Cayman Islands, Proctor 2012 p.579, Plate 56. Photo: Ann Stafford, Grand Cayman, Oct.17, 2009.

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What

Fiddlewood Petitia domingensis

Observer

caymannature

Date

December 8, 2006

Description

Fiddlewood - Petitia domingensis, Family: VERBENACEAE (LAMIACEAE), Endangered. OPPOSITE leaves. Birds love to eat the fruits, particularly Mockingbirds and White-crowned Pigeons. The wood is heavy and very hard and was used for making fence posts and in shipbuilding. The trees grow fairly easily. Photo: Ann Stafford, Grand Cayman, Dec.8, 2006. Flora of the Cayman Islands, Proctor 2012 p.584, Plate 56

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What

Cuban Tree Frog Osteopilus septentrionalis

Observer

caymannature

Date

April 2, 2016

Description

Cuban Tree Frog, Bullfrog – Osteopilus septentrionalis is an amphibian native to Cuba, the Bahamas and Cayman Islands. The largest tree frog in North America, it has a rough, warty skin and toepads much larger than those of other tree frogs. Color varies from olive-brown or bronze to gray or grayish-white. It is nocturnal and sleeps above ground during the day – shown here on the Grand Cayman endemic Banana Orchid – Myrmecophila thomsoniana var. thomsoniana on a Mahogany tree – Swietenia mahagoni. Also on the tree is the Grand Cayman endemic leafless Ghost Orchid – Dendrophylax fawcettii.
Photo: Ann Stafford, Grand Cayman, April 2, 2016.

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Observer

caymannature

Date

December 15, 2006

Description

Soldier - Danaus eresimus tethys, Family: DANAIDAE, nectaring on Velvet Plant - Gynura aurantiaca.
Photo: Ann Stafford, Grand Cayman, Dec.15, 2006. Butterflies of the Cayman Islands book 2008,
R. R. Askew and P. A. van B. Stafford p.34.
https://picasaweb.google.com/101164065346884869793/CaymANNatureButterfliesMothsAndTheirPlants#

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Observer

caymannature

Date

November 27, 2011

Description

Malachite - Siproeta stelenes biplagiata, NYMPHALIDAE, on Pepper Cinnamon - Canella winterana, CANELLACEAE, Grand Cayman.
Butterflies of the Cayman Islands by R.R. Askew and P.A. van B. Stafford, 2008, p.53

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What

West Indian Woodpecker Melanerpes superciliaris

Observer

caymannature

Date

December 20, 2015

Description

Melanerpes superciliaris caymanensis - West Indian Woodpecker, Grand Cayman endemic subspecies.
Photo: Ann Stafford, Grand Cayman, Dec.20, 2015. Time: 4.30pm
A Photographic Guide to Birds of the Cayman Islands by Patricia E. Bradley and Yves-Jacques Rey-Millet, p. 172.

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What

Indian Heliotrope Heliotropium indicum

Observer

caymannature

Date

September 17, 2009

Description

Heliotropium indicum - Blue Scorpion Tail, (Indian Heliotrope), Family: BORAGINACEAE, an ANNUAL herb, sprang up when Governor Gore Pond dried out completely, (Governor Gore's Bird Sanctuary). Although it is a pantropical weed, it had only been recorded in Cayman by Wilfred Kings, biologist on the 1938 Oxford University Expedition to the Cayman Islands. This is the only place and only year that I have seen it.
Seaside Heliotrope - Heliotropium curassavicum, a very common annual herb, also appeared.
Photo: Ann Stafford, Grand Cayman, May 17, 2009.
Proctor's FLORA of the CAYMAN ISLANDS 2012, p.561, Fig.209.
https://picasaweb.google.com/101164065346884869793/CaymANNatureFlora#
https://picasaweb.google.com/101164065346884869793/CaymanHERBARIUM
https://picasaweb.google.com/101164065346884869793/CaymanHERBARIUM#6193286188461311490

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What

Shake Hand Tree Xylosma bahamense

Observer

caymannature

Date

November 23, 2006

Description

Shake Hand Tree - Xylosma bahamense, (Britton) Standl. in Tropical Woods 34:41. 1933, SALICACEAE.
ALTERNATE leaves, intricately branched, dioecious, Endangered shrub or small tree. The trunk and larger limbs are densely armed with sharp, branched spines, the leafy twigs are with or without spines. The apex of the leaf is acute or sometimes mucronate. Distribution: Grand Cayman, northern Bahamas (and Cuba?).
Photo: Ann Stafford, Grand Cayman, Nov. 23, 2006.
FLORA of the CAYMAN ISLANDS by George R. Proctor 2012 p.319, Pl.21.
http://caymannature.blogspot.com/2013/09/spiny-confusem-and-shake-hand-trees.html

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What

Sea Lavender Tournefortia gnaphalodes

Observer

caymannature

Date

February 16, 2014

Place

Pedro (Google, OSM)

Description

Sea Lavender - Tournefortia gnaphalodes (=Argusia gnaphalodes), Family: BORAGINACEAE. Dense, mound-like shrub, narrow leaves ALTERNATE, fleshy, velvety, silvery green-grey. The fragrant white flowers attract butterflies. Seacoasts and saline shores, particularly sandy beaches. Bermuda, Florida, West Indies, and coasts of Yucatan, Cozumel, Belize and Venezuela. Photo: Ann Stafford, Pedro bluff, Grand Cayman, Feb.16, 2014. FLORA of the CAYMAN ISLANDS by George R. Proctor 2012 p.559, Fig.208, Pl.52. In Cayman, a tea was made from boiled leaves for stomach problems and nerves. (Ref. Healing Plants of the Cayman Islands compiled by Lorna McCubbin, March 15, 1995) http://lee.ifas.ufl.edu/Hort/GardenPubsAZ/Sea_Lavender_Arqusia_gnaphalodes.pdf

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What

Herb-of-Grace Bacopa monnieri

Observer

caymannature

Date

June 25, 2015

Place

Safehaven (Google, OSM)

Description

Bacopa monnieri - Water Hyssop, Herb of Grace, Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE (PLANTAGINACEAE). Leaves OPPOSITE, fleshy; stems creeping, rooting at the nodes, much branched and forming mats. Flowers pale blue, mauve or white. It grows in wet pastures, damp lawns and beside fresh or brackish pools. It is widespread in both the New and Old World Tropics.
It is a known larval food plant of the White Peacock butterfly (Anartia jatrophae), but in the Cayman Islands this butterfly’s larval food plant is unknown.
Photo: Ann Stafford, Safehaven, Grand Cayman, June 25, 2015.
Flora of the Cayman Islands by George R. Proctor, 2012 p.601.

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Observer

caymannature

Date

August 3, 2004

Place

Safehaven (Google, OSM)

Description

Island Heather - Limonium companyonis, Family: PLUMBAGINACEAE.
Naturalized perennial herb with woody taproot. Leaves in a dense basal rosette. Pretty lilac flowers. Plants grow in white saline marl. Photo: Ann Stafford, Pinehurst Rd, Safehaven, Grand Cayman, Aug.3. 2004.
Native to Mediterranean coast of France and Balearic Islands. Its mode of introduction to the Cayman Islands is unknown. Flora of the Cayman Islands, Proctor 2012 p.285, Plate 17.
https://picasaweb.google.com/101164065346884869793/CaymANNatureFlora

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Observer

caymannature

Date

April 4, 2004

Place

Safehaven (Google, OSM)

Description

Island Heather - Limonium companyonis, Family: PLUMBAGINACEAE. Perennial herb with woody taproot. Leaves in a dense basal rosette. Pretty lilac flowers. Plants growing in white saline marl. Photo: Ann Stafford, Safehaven Drive, Grand Cayman, April 4, 2004. Native to Mediterranean coast of France and Balearic Islands. Its mode of introduction to the Cayman Islands is unknown. Flora of the Cayman Islands, Proctor 2012 p.285, Plate 17.
https://picasaweb.google.com/101164065346884869793/CaymANNatureFlora

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What

Horse's Paper Wasp Polistes major

Observer

caymannature

Date

December 28, 2006

Description

Paper Wasp - Polistes major (Family: VESPIDAE) eating Monarch caterpillar - Danaus plexippus, (Family: DANAIDAE) on its larval food plant Red Top (Scarlet Milkweed) - Asclepias curassavica.
Ann Stafford, Grand Cayman, Dec.28, 2006.
https://picasaweb.google.com/101164065346884869793/CaymANNatureButterfliesMothsAndTheirPlants#

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What

St. Andrew's Cotton Stainer Dysdercus andreae

Observer

caymannature

Date

April 10, 2012

Description

St. Andrew's Cotton Stainer bug - Dysdercus andreae, Family: PYRRHOCORIDAE, on Wild Cotton / Short-staple Cotton - Gossypium hirsutum var. punctatum, Family: MALVACEAE, one of its host plants.
Photo: Ann Stafford, South Sound, Grand Cayman, Apr.10, 2012.

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What

Spanish Elm Cordia gerascanthus

Observer

caymannature

Date

March 19, 2005

Description

Spanish Elm - Cordia gerascanthus, Family: BORAGINACEAE, Endangered.
In the Cayman Islands, Spanish Elm was used in general construction and for making oars.
Greater Antilles, Mexico, Central America and Columbia.
Photo: Ann Stafford, Mar.19, 2005.
Flora of the Cayman Islands by George R. Proctor 2012 p.567, Pl.54.

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What

Grand Cayman Blue Iguana Cyclura lewisi

Observer

caymannature

Date

April 22, 2012

Place

(Somewhere...)

Description

Grand Cayman Blue Iguana - Cyclura lewisi, (syn. Cyclura nubila lewisi Grant, 1940) Endangered Grand Cayman endemic, named after biologist C. Bernard Lewis, Rhodes Scholar, who took a male and female to the British Museum of Natural History, collected during the 1938 Oxford University Biological Expedition to the Cayman Islands.
Photo: Ann Stafford, Queen Elizabeth II Botanic Park, Grand Cayman, Apr. 22, 2012
www.blueiguana.ky/iguanas/cayman
http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=683050

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Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias

Observer

caymannature

Date

April 28, 2013

Description

Great Blue Heron - Ardea herodias, fishing at sunset.
Uncommon winter visitor and fairly common passage migrant.
Ann Stafford, Grand Harbour dykes, Grand Cayman, April 28, 2013.
A Photographic Guide to Birds of the Cayman Islands by Patricia E. Bradley and Yves-Jacques Rey-Millet 2013 p.77.

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Zenaida Dove Zenaida aurita

Observer

caymannature

Date

June 25, 2010

Description

Zenaida Dove (Pea Dove, Big Dove) and baby - Zenaida aurita, Cayman Islands breeding resident.
Queen Elizabeth II Botanic Park Plant Nursery, Grand Cayman.
Photo: Ann Stafford, June 25, 2010

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What

Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax

Observer

caymannature

Date

January 4, 2015

Description

Black-crowned Night Heron - Nycticorax nycticorax
Photo: Ann Stafford, Agape pond, Grand Cayman, Jan.4, 2015.

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Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor

Observer

caymannature

Date

May 19, 2011

Description

Tricolored Heron - Egretta tricolor
Fairbanks Road, Grand Cayman
Grand Cayman. Photo: Ann Stafford, May 19, 2011

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What

Wild Calabash Elaeodendron xylocarpum

Observer

caymannature

Date

July 12, 2003

Description

Wild Calabash - Elaeodendron xylocarpum, Family: CELASTRACEAE, Critically Endangered.
Small tree, sometimes low and shrubby. Leaves Opposite or some of them Alternate. Leaves margins usually sparingly crenulate. Flowers inconspicuous, fruits hard, rounded, greenish, are eaten by fruit bats.
Photo: Ann Stafford, Grand Cayman, July 12, 2003.
Flora of the Cayman Islands by George R. Proctor, 2012, p.430, Pl.35.
http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=512741

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Wild Calabash Elaeodendron xylocarpum

Observer

caymannature

Date

November 12, 2002

Description

Wild Calabash - Elaeodendron xylocarpum, Family: CELASTRACEAE, Critically Endangered.
Small tree, sometimes low and shrubby. Leaves Opposite or some of them Alternate. Leaves margins usually sparingly crenulate. Flowers inconspicuous, fruits hard, rounded, greenish, are eaten by fruit bats.
Photo: Ann Stafford, Grand Cayman, Nov.12, 2002.
Flora of the Cayman Islands by George R. Proctor, 2012, p.430, Pl.35.
http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=512741

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Calabash Tree Crescentia cujete

Observer

caymannature

Date

November 12, 2002

Description

Calabash (or Gourd) tree - Crescentia cujete, Family: BIGNONIACEAE.
The sprawling tree bears large green fruits, gourds (up to 25 cm in diameter) - the woody outer shells were traditionally used to make water containers, soup bowls, plates and for bailing boats.
Florida, West Indies and continental tropical America.
Photo: Ann Stafford, Nov.12, 2002.
FLORA of the CAYMAN ISLANDS by George R. Proctor 2012 p.604, Fig.226, Pl.58.

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What

Green Thorn Sideroxylon horridum

Observer

caymannature

Date

October 1, 2006

Description

Green Thorn, White Thorn, Shake Hand - Sideroxylon horridum, Endangered, SAPOTACEAE,
has twigs that are rigid and reddish and the thorns SHARP!
Cayman Islands, Cuba and Haiti.
Photo: P. Ann van B. Stafford, Forest Glen, North Side, Grand Cayman, Oct.1, 2006.
Flora of the Cayman Islands 2012 by George R. Proctor, p.341, Fig.124, Pl.25.
http://caymannature.blogspot.com/2013/09/spiny-confusem-and-shake-hand-trees.html

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What

Fustic Maclura tinctoria

Observer

caymannature

Date

November 1, 2003

Description

Fustic - Maclura tinctoria, Family: MORACEAE, Critically Endangered.
DIOECIOUS - male and female flowers grow on separate trees, staminate (male) catkins on this tree.
Fustic is native to the West Indies and continental tropical America.
It was exported from Grand Cayman for its yellowish dye, known as fustic or khaki, which was extracted from the wood. Photo: Ann Stafford, Grand Cayman, Nov.1, 2003.
Flora of the Cayman Islands, Proctor 2012 p.241, Fig.84.
http://caymannature.blogspot.com/2015/05/fustic-trees-critically-endangered.html

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What

Fustic Maclura tinctoria

Observer

caymannature

Date

October 8, 2003

Description

Fustic - Maclura tinctoria, Family: MORACEAE, Critically Endangered.
DIOECIOUS - male and female flowers grow on separate trees, fruits form from female (pistillate) flowers only. Fustic is native to the West Indies and continental tropical America. It was exported from Grand Cayman for its yellowish dye, known as fustic or khaki, which was extracted from the wood. Photo: Ann Stafford, Grand Cayman, Oct. 8, 2003.
Flora of the Cayman Islands, Proctor 2012 p.241, Fig.84.
http://caymannature.blogspot.com/2015/05/fustic-trees-critically-endangered.html

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What

Smoke Wood Erythroxylum confusum

Observer

caymannature

Date

September 14, 2013

Description

Smoke Wood - Erythroxylum confusum, ERYTHROXYLACEAE, Critically Endangered.
ALTERNATE leaves, shrub or small tree that grows in or near seasonally flooded sinkholes. Trunk has extremely thick, deeply-fissured bark. Undersides of leaves have two faint parallel lines on either side of the mid-vein.
Range: Grand Cayman, Bahamas, Cuba and Jamaica.
Photo: Ann Stafford, Grand Cayman, Sept.14, 2013.
Flora of the Cayman Islands by George R. Proctor, 2012, p.505, Pl.47. (Family: ERYTHROXYLACEAE).

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What

Smoke Wood Erythroxylum areolatum

Observer

caymannature

Date

June 9, 2002

Description

Smoke Wood - Erythroxylum areolatum, ERYTHROXYLACEAE.
Shrub or small tree with alternate leaves. Undersides of leaves have two faint parallel lines on either side of the mid-vein. Fruit a drupe, red when ripe.
Range: Cayman Islands, Bahamas, Greater Antilles, Mexico and northern Central America in rocky woodlands.
Photo: Ann Stafford, Canaan Land road, Grand Cayman, June 9, 2002.
Flora of the Cayman Islands by George R. Proctor, 2012, p.504, Fig.186, Pl.47. (Family: ERYTHROXYLACEAE).

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