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What

Pennsylvania Bittercress Cardamine pensylvanica

Observer

dziomber

Date

May 29, 2020 02:06 PM CDT

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What

Violet Rust Puccinia violae

Observer

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Date

May 29, 2020 02:02 PM CDT

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What

Le Conte's Violet Viola affinis

Observer

dziomber

Date

May 29, 2020 01:44 PM CDT

Description

The dominant form of violet in my overgrown, savanna-like yard in a residential urban area. I have perhaps hundreds of these violets in my yard. They have consistent characteristics overall.

These violets have confused me all spring. The leaves are acute, deltoid, and consistently longer than wide. This would be enough to rule out V. sororia according to some keys. But many keys and descriptions stress that V. affinis (and V. missouriense) is supposed to have more narrowly deltoid leaves.

The vegetative pubescence doesn't necessarily rule out V. sororia, since most references state that the pubescence of that species varies from fully glabrous to densely pubescent. But the pubescent petioles would seem to rule out V. missouriense and V. pratincola, if either is a valid form.

The spur petals are mostly nearly beardless, although sometimes the beards are distinct, but never dense. This would seem to fit V. affinis better than V. sororia. Although, I have seen woodland V. sororia with similarly light but variable spur beards and even some with denser beards if "V. septentrionalis" is considered to be a bearded form of V. sororia.

The peduncles are very slightly pubescent at the distal .5cm or less. And the sepals vary from ovate to broadly lanceolate. Though they are always acute and at most only minutely cilioalate toward the bases. The literature indicates that the sepals of V. affinis can vary from ovate to lanceolate, and can be ciliolate. But the peduncles are supposed to be glabrous. In not sure whether these peduncles qualify as "glabrous". I'm inclined to think they do.

My impression is that V. affinis is generally described as a mostly glabrous, spur-bearded violet, with deltoid leaves, and short peduncles. But some references do indicate that the beard can be sparse and the leaves can be broadly deltoid. So I have chosen to call this V. affinis.

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What

Candlesnuff Fungus Xylaria hypoxylon

Observer

dziomber

Date

May 29, 2020 11:23 AM CDT

Description

Xylaria hypoxylon species complex

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What

Red-seeded Dandelion Taraxacum erythrospermum

Observer

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Date

May 29, 2020 11:22 AM CDT

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What

Carpet Beetles Genus Anthrenus

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Date

May 29, 2020 01:27 AM CDT

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Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Halyomorpha halys

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Date

May 27, 2020 01:04 AM CDT

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What

Clouded Yellows Genus Colias

Observer

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Date

May 23, 2020 06:01 PM CDT

Description

?

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What

Bees Epifamily Anthophila

Observer

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Date

May 24, 2020 05:55 PM CDT

Description

bee on Heuchera richardsonii

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What

Cleft Phlox Phlox bifida

Observer

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Date

May 24, 2020 04:29 PM CDT

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What

Plantain-leaved Pussytoes Antennaria plantaginifolia

Observer

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Date

May 24, 2020 04:23 PM CDT

Description

? Most likely

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What

Northern Highbush Blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum

Observer

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Date

May 24, 2020 04:15 PM CDT

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What

Prairie Willow Salix humilis

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Date

May 24, 2020 04:07 PM CDT

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What

Wood Anemone Anemonoides quinquefolia

Observer

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Date

May 24, 2020 04:03 PM CDT

Description

Numerous stems and a few seeding scapes in an open prairie, among a dense stand of Osmunda regalis

At the time of this observation, the ferns were at an early stage of development, although, once the ferns fully develop, the fern understory will become densely shaded. The soil in this area is rich in humic matter and more reminiscent of a woodland or forest soil

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What

Interrupted Fern Osmunda claytoniana

Observer

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Date

May 24, 2020 03:57 PM CDT

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What

Longbract Wild Indigo Baptisia bracteata

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Date

May 24, 2020 03:54 PM CDT

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What

Scarlet Indian-Paintbrush Castilleja coccinea

Observer

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Date

May 24, 2020 03:42 PM CDT

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What

Scarlet Indian-Paintbrush Castilleja coccinea

Observer

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Date

May 24, 2020 03:16 PM CDT

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What

Water Purslane Ludwigia palustris

Observer

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Date

May 24, 2020 03:06 PM CDT

Description

?

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Square

Observer

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Date

May 24, 2020 02:50 PM CDT

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What

Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa

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Date

May 24, 2020 02:46 PM CDT

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What

Black Huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata

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Date

May 24, 2020 02:35 PM CDT

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What

Two-flower Dwarf-Dandelion Krigia biflora

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Date

May 24, 2020 02:33 PM CDT

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What

Azure Bluet Houstonia caerulea

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Date

May 24, 2020 02:16 PM CDT

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What

Meadow Willow Salix petiolaris

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Date

May 24, 2020 02:10 PM CDT

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What

Scarlet Indian-Paintbrush Castilleja coccinea

Observer

dziomber

Date

May 24, 2020 02:06 PM CDT

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What

Violets Genus Viola

Observer

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Date

May 24, 2020 01:57 PM CDT

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What

Tufted Hair Grass Deschampsia cespitosa

Observer

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Date

May 24, 2020 12:34 PM CDT

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What

Violets Genus Viola

Observer

dziomber

Date

May 24, 2020 12:30 PM CDT

Description

Will post comments later

Photos / Sounds

What

Violets Genus Viola

Observer

dziomber

Date

May 24, 2020 12:04 PM CDT
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