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What

Black Cherry Prunus serotina

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

September 30, 2014 05:21 PM CDT

Description

Young tree approximately two meters tall, bark thought to resemble Betula sp., but was eventually distinguished by leaf shape (see actual specimen).

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Japanese Honeysuckle Lonicera japonica

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

September 26, 2014 11:51 AM CDT

Description

Small shrub differentiated from yellow honeysuckle by scent of flower (not collected due to insufficient number), ID confirmed with J. Gore, S. Schratz, ASU teaching specimens.

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Northern Catalpa Catalpa speciosa

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

November 2, 2014 04:01 PM CST

Description

Very large tree approximately 20 meters tall with fading leaves, most fruits already dropped. Fruit is a green elongated capsule, was used to differentiate from Catalpa speciosa. Differentiated from Campsis radicans by that species's vine habit.

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White Mulberry Morus alba

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 17, 2014 01:39 PM CDT

Description

Small tree approximately 1.5 meters tall occurring in a fence line. Differentiated from M. rubra by lack of rough leaf surfaces and from Crataegus crus-galli by lack of thorns on bark.

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Chinese Privet Ligustrum sinense

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 17, 2014 01:24 PM CDT

Description

Large tree in ditch with many oppositely arranged waxy leaflets. ID'd as L. sinense based on leaflet characteristics and fruits changing color from green to purple.

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Boxelder Maple Acer negundo

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 17, 2014 12:42 PM CDT

Description

Large tree (20+ meters tall) with moderately fissured bark and non-palmate leaves characteristic of Acer sp., identified by leaf arrangement.

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Roundleaf Greenbrier Smilax rotundifolia

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 12, 2014 01:00 PM CDT

Description

Semi-woody vine attached to a gate. Leaves changing color from green to yellow, many small black fruits present. Differentiated from Vitis rotundifolia by lack of lobed leaf margins and by other Smilax sp. by leaf shape and complete absence of prickles.

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Carolina Buckthorn Frangula caroliniana

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 12, 2014 12:45 PM CDT

Description

Small tree occurring next to a fence line beside a cliff. Differentiated from Berchemia scandens based on habit and narrower leaf shape.

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Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 12, 2014 12:13 PM CDT

Description

Small shrub on hillside, originally believed to be herbaceous until instructor suggested otherwise. ID confirmed via Smith's Key and instructor. Noted leaves ventrally whitish-green while solid green dorsally. Bark mottled gray-brown.

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What

Trifoliate Orange Citrus trifoliata

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 12, 2014 11:32 AM CDT

Description

Large tree greater than 15 meters tall liberally covered with thorns. Differentiated from other thorny trees by presence of hesperidia and trifoliate leaves.

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Post Oak Quercus stellata

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 12, 2014 07:05 AM CDT

Description

20+ meter tall tree with lichen-covered, non-fissured bark. Leaves roughly t-shaped-used to differentiate from other Quercus sp.

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Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 12, 2014 06:34 AM CDT

Description

Tree approximately 10+ meters tall, leaf color already changing. Fruits occurring in many small clusters, tree is right off of road at beginning of bluff trail.

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Lilac Chaste Tree Vitex agnus-castus

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 11, 2014 05:18 PM CDT

Description

Occurs as small shrub with numerous black fruits and whorled lanceolate leaves. ID'd as V. agnus-castus based on search of Internet and confirmation by instructor. Occurs approximately 70 yards away behind field station as a large tree.

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Apple Malus ×domestica

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 11, 2014 05:10 PM CDT

Description

Tree approximately 5 meters tall with a rounded crown and numerous pome fruits. Originally believed to be M. angustifolia, later differentiated by fruit shape and color as well as presence of shiny upper leaf surfaces. Uncertain of captive/cultivated status.

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Shortleaf Pine Pinus echinata

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 11, 2014 02:49 PM CDT

Description

Moderately sized tree with mostly 3, but sometimes 2, fascicles per bundle, used to differentiate it from P. taeda.

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American Persimmon Diospyros virginiana

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 11, 2014 02:45 PM CDT

Description

Small tree approx. 5 meters tall with rough, lichen-covered bark. Leaves were losing pigmentation at time of collection, would make ID difficult without large orange fruits.

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Virginia Creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 11, 2014 02:41 PM CDT

Description

Woody vine with numerous black berries and reddish-green leaves and distinct lobing apically. Differentiated from Vitis sp. by leaf shape. Occurs on face of cliff itself.

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Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 6, 2014 05:10 PM CDT

Description

Small shrub approximately 6 meters in height bearing many red fruits hanging on pendulums. Globose fruit in clusters and shrub habit used to differentiate from L. styraciflua.

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What

Winterberry Holly Ilex verticillata

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 6, 2014 04:55 PM CDT

Description

Small shrub located at wetland edge differentiated from other Ilex by presence of axial fruits, non-shiny upper leaf surfaces.

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What

Winged Elm Ulmus alata

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 6, 2014 04:23 PM CDT

Description

Small tree occurring alone, differentiated from other elms by "winging" on stems. Just under 2 meters tall, leaves already thinning out and changing to yellow from green.

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Tree of Heaven Ailanthus altissima

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

October 6, 2014 04:11 PM CDT

Description

Large tree occurring in a clump of unidentifiable herbaceous species. Very large leaves similar to Melia azedarach, differentiated by heart-shaped leaf scars when leaf removed from tree, red stems.

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Observer

jmsalinger

Date

September 30, 2014 06:38 PM CDT

Description

Parasitic vine attached to Ambrosia sp. Leaves trifoliate, differntiated from Toxicodendron radicans by fruit type, lack of allergic reaction.

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What

American Sycamore Platanus occidentalis

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

September 30, 2014 05:45 PM CDT

Description

Moderately large tree with large, partially lobed leaves subtended by leafy bracts. ID'd as P. occidentalis based off of distinctive leaf shape.

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Shining Sumac Rhus copallinum

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

September 26, 2014 12:06 PM CDT

Description

Believed younger tree based on small DBH. Pinnately compound leaves and distinct appearance of fruit led to Rhus ID. Species ID confirmed presence of winging on stems to differentiate from R. glabra.

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What

St. Andrews Cross Hypericum hypericoides

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

September 26, 2014 12:01 PM CDT

Description

Small shrub approx. half a meter tall, originally ID'd based on prior experience with H. hypericoides in CFP. Differntiated from other Hypericum as a live specimen by presence of brownish resin dots since disappeared from dried specimen.

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What

Bitternut Hickory Carya cordiformis

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

September 7, 2014 05:17 PM CDT

Description

Large tree with fissured bark, yellowish-green fruits with raised ridges used to differentiate from other Carya sp.

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Baldcypress Taxodium distichum

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

September 13, 2014 06:02 PM CDT

Description

Large height tree approximately 15 meters tall. Bark thin and streaking, clearly a gymnosperm by leaf appearance. Differentiated from Juniperis virginiana by lack of latter's scale-like leaves. No knees or cones in evidence.

Photos / Sounds

What

American Sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

September 7, 2014

Description

Large tree with maple-like leaves estimated to be 20+ meters tall. Gumball fruit in evidence differentiated specimen from members of Sapindaceae and by its leaf arrangement. Occurs at edge of an artificially created riparian zone in company of Carya cordiformis and Quercus alba.

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What

Tulip Tree Liriodendron tulipifera

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

September 13, 2014

Description

Large tree upwards of 20 meters in height, no fruit in evidence. Identifiable to Magnoliaceae based off of encircling stipular scars on twigs, differentiated from Magnolia spp. based on shape of leaf apex. Occurs at edge of forest approximately 20-25 yards from parking lot next to main park office with Quercus sp. and Morus sp.

Photos / Sounds

What

Devil's Walkingstick Aralia spinosa

Observer

jmsalinger

Date

September 26, 2014

Description

Large tree approximately 3 meters tall. with many prickles on stems/trunk. Many small blue fruits in a large inflorescence, leaves bipinnately compound. Found in partial sunlight approximately 18 meters from road.

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