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Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

November 23, 2011 05:32 PM CET

Description

A large and conspicuous flower on a rather hostile plant! It’s tempting to touch the large flower, but doing so will most likely result in a painful sting like a nettle.

The plant is full of large stinging hairs. Enjoy at a distance or with gloves!

The stinging hairs are not easily seen on the face of the leaf, but they are there! It’s the dark ones.

On the underside and the stem the really large ones are clearly visible on the new unfolding leaves.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

November 28, 2010 02:34 PM CET

Description

I was surprised to see a passionflower on the savanna, as out in the open there is nothing to climb on for one. I only found this one – about a kilometre downhill from the base camp to Roraima in a dry and rocky location.

This was identified as Passiflora auriculata by a Brazilian contact back in 2011, but I see that this species is totally different than the auriculata identified as 17627026.

Photos / Sounds

Square

Observer

morten

Date

December 6, 2014 03:48 PM CET

Description

Chapada dos Guimaraes National Park

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 1, 2015 10:09 AM CET

Description

During my visit a few of the plants had leaves, but none flowers.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 1, 2015 10:12 AM CET

Description

A very common tree in lower levels of Socotra which in places make widespread forests. On my trip I found these trees in full bloom here along the Detwah lagoon, whilst on other sides of the island the trees were with yellow leaves like autumn, and yet other areas completely without leaves or flowers.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 1, 2015 12:30 PM CET

Description

From afar these bushy plants look like a mess of sticks, but when in bloom a visit up close reveals beautiful inflorescences and naturally pollinating insects, here a fly of which the pattern on the wings might look like visiting ants!

Socotra has a huge number of endemic plants and many are so strange that you really feel you’re on a different planet. This species is not endemic, so it’s found many places in the region other than this island. This is one of many I found around the Detwah lagoon in the west of Socotra.

Also in UV.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 1, 2015 11:30 AM CET

Description

On the hills overlooking the Detwah lagoon on the west coast of Socotra I found many interesting flowers, and luckily some not destroyed by goats.

In a few days this location would have been bone dry, and I found many signs of the coming dry season as many small plants were drooping from lack of water. I was very grateful to see such a healthy and juicy specimen as this one.

Also in UV.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 1, 2015 01:00 PM CET

Description

On the hills overlooking the Detwah lagoon on the west coast of Socotra I found many interesting flowers, and luckily some not destroyed by goats.

In a few days this location would have been bone dry, and I found many signs of the coming dry season as many small plants were drooping from lack of water. I was very grateful to see such a healthy and juicy specimen as this one.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 1, 2015 01:37 PM CET

Description

On the hills overlooking the Detwah lagoon on the west coast of Socotra I found many interesting flowers, and luckily some not destroyed by goats.

In a few days this location would have been bone dry, and I found many signs of the coming dry season as many small plants were drooping from lack of water. I was very grateful to see such a healthy and juicy specimen as this one.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 1, 2015 04:57 PM CET

Description

A very peculiar plant! It pops up from the ground like aspargus, but with beautiful flowers!

I only found two groups of this species, and that was around the Detwah lagoon of west Socotra. The other was eaten by goats!

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 1, 2015 01:52 PM CET

Description

On the hills overlooking the Detwah lagoon on the west coast of Socotra I found many interesting flowers, and luckily some not destroyed by goats.

In a few days this location would have been bone dry, and I found many signs of the coming dry season as many small plants were drooping from lack of water. I was very grateful to see such a healthy and juicy specimen as this one.
Also in UV

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 1, 2015 02:01 PM CET

Description

On the hills overlooking the Detwah lagoon on the west coast of Socotra I found many interesting flowers, and luckily some not destroyed by goats.

In a few days this location would have been bone dry, and I found many signs of the coming dry season as many small plants were drooping from lack of water. I was very grateful to see such a healthy and juicy specimen as this one.

Lots of glandular hairs, but I forgot to test so I don’t know the scent or viscosity of the secretion.

Also in UV.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 2, 2015 07:11 AM CET

Description

Quite common on lower levels, and here around the Detwah lagoon I found it widespread around the campground. Goats leave these, and most of the pea family alone, so I found them in bloom and with fruit, despite lots of goats in this nature reserve.

Also in UV.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 2, 2015 09:53 AM CET

Description

Resembles H. wagneri and shoabense, but the two have a very limited range, and I therefore assume this is a young specimen of socotranunum. Found on the beach of Detwah with many goats, so they might not reach mature sizes here.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 1, 2015 04:17 PM CET

Description

High above the Detwah lagoon of western Socotra I found a favourite spot just under the cave. Here the landscape was supporting a range of plants as the high cliffs and outcrops lend a hand in sun protection during the first half of the day.

When pollinated, the sepals close in like a closing umbrella and inside the fruit will develop well protected.

It turns orange when ripe.

Photos / Sounds

What

African Baconfig Aizoon canariense

Observer

morten

Date

February 2, 2015 07:58 AM CET

Description

This species thrives on the flats close to the ocean, and are very small and inconspicuous. In fact I had to use my macro to see the inflorescences (sans petals)!

Lots of goats roam the areas around the Detwah lagoon of west Socotra where these are photographed, and they trample the ground and the small plants, but these are hardy and are not really as fragile as they might seem

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 2, 2015 02:55 PM CET

Description

A very hardy and salt tolerant species that I found commonly close to the ocean, as here on the beautiful beach of Shuab in west Socotra. Many of the plants have salt crystals even on the flowers!

Sokotranum has cyllindrical leaves opposed to paulayanum’s obovate.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 7, 2015 04:12 PM CET

Description

This is high up on one of the dunes in Archer on the northeast coast of Socotra.

This was the only one of its species here, and it has survived change in a way that’s quite remarkable. For one this place is sandblasted for months, during which this is not a place even for humans. Then there is the lack of water, and the hot sun.

Perhaps the most remarkable is that it has been completely buried for months, and still been able to thrive! Now it is in the open and is flowering, and hopefully it will be able to produce seeds that will germinate.

For plants to survive in a desert, they need to get to the water whenever it’s available, and thus grow very long roots. Here the wind has revealed what looks like long tentacles, and in a way they are as without them the plant would die.

Photos / Sounds

What

Wild Cucumber Cucumis prophetarum

Observer

morten

Date

February 3, 2015 10:23 AM CET

Description

On the steep cliffs of west Socotra on the way to Shuab beach I found many interesting plants and some untouched by goats. This rather large specimen was still in great shape and would perhaps be able to make ripe seeds before the lack of water completely suspends all life.

My focus on the plant was completely flipped towards a skink that approached the flowers I was photographing. It was eating them in quick succession! Fortunately I got this picture in time!

Also flower in UV.

Photos / Sounds

What

Wild Cucumber Cucumis prophetarum

Observer

morten

Date

February 6, 2015 02:04 PM CET

Description

Found on the banks of a dry riverbed.

Photos / Sounds

What

Devil's Horsewhip Achyranthes aspera

Observer

morten

Date

February 8, 2015 02:52 PM CET

Description

This is the only specimen I found growing out in the open landscape that was not eaten by goats. Perhaps it was intact because it was leaning against a rock? The other ones I found were growing inside other plants that were either unpalatable or to thorny for the goats to bother reaching for them.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 5, 2015 10:02 AM CET

Description

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant species dotting the landscape like a well-groomed garden.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 3, 2015 12:49 PM CET

Description

The only unharmed specimen I found of this species during my trek around the cliffs on the way to Shuab beach of west Socotra. All others were eaten by goats.

Photos / Sounds

What

Coromandel Asystasia gangetica

Observer

morten

Date

February 5, 2015 09:26 AM CET

Description

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant species dotting the landscape like a well-groomed garden.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 7, 2015 10:34 AM CET

Description

The sand dunes of Erissel – the Socotra east cape – have some very specialized plants thriving in the wind-swept sand. This species was in some places growing so dense that it seemed like a silvery thicket. This location is windswept and hot, with only rain or brackish water available, but this is a specialist and I believe it is endemic.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 3, 2015 08:18 AM CET

Description

Yet another excellent specimen of a plant species on Shuab beach of west Socotra.

Photos / Sounds

What

Tropical Speedwell Evolvulus alsinoides

Observer

morten

Date

February 5, 2015 09:32 AM CET

Description

This plant is one of many interesting species I found in a very small area in a valley at 320 meters altitude. A river runs through on the valley floor, supporting lots of more water demanding species, but just a few meters up the mountain slopes a rocky a harsher environment with lots of plant species dotting the landscape like a well-groomed garden.

I spent just about half a day here, but that was by far not enough.

1 UV image.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 3, 2015 10:10 AM CET

Description

The cliffs on the way to Shuab beach of west Socotra have lots of interesting seemingly inaccessible locations for goats. At least it looks that way from the ocean. As I climbed I saw the sign of goats everywhere, but fortunately many small plants were in bloom like this one. I later realized that goats are not the only animals eating flowers on Socotra. The endemic skink does so too.

The time of blossom is short and erratic on Socotra. In one area a cloud can produce an intense shower, resulting in vitality and a boost of growth. A kilometer away not a drop would have fallen. Thus – the goats are on a continuous search of fresh growth and only accidentally small plants will fulfill a cycle and produce seeds. Locations like the cliffs on the way to Shuab are rather inconvenient, but accessible if the need for food is dire. This season has been wetter than normal, and thus more plants will produce seeds. At least in those areas that got the extra water.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 13, 2015 08:29 AM CET

Description

Resembles Convolvulus sarmentosus, but its petals are rounded outwards opposed to this one which are flattened and pointing inwards at the mid-nerve of the petals.

Also grows on lower elevations than this (1500 meters elevation), but few are intact as they are eaten by goats and cows. A very small plant, but that I think is due to constant grazing, and thus the plant gets stumped.

1 UV image.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

morten

Date

February 6, 2015 11:38 AM CET

Description

I found this species on dry riverbeds.

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