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Photos / Sounds

What

Reverchon's False Pennyroyal Hedeoma reverchonii

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

July 17, 2019 05:02 PM CDT

Description

Bandera County, Texas; Lost Maples State Natural area
7/17/2019
Hedeoma reverchonii

Common on upland areas of East trail, occasional in valleys. Mostly appear near the end of blooming, but probably would have been more prominent around 3-4 weeks earlier. Leaves and flowers smelled of camphor, sometimes only weakly. Flower calyces typically about 5-5.5mm for this group of plants. Corollas about 11.5mm measured to upper lip for this group. Largest leaf (typically just below inflorescence or at base of it) about 7x2.5mm. The plants here might be treated as H. reverchonii var. serpyllifolia due to the camphor scent and the size of the calyces, but the corollas typically are longer than described for that variety.

Photos / Sounds

What

Drummond's False Pennyroyal Hedeoma drummondii

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

July 16, 2019 06:33 PM CDT

Description

Kimble County, Texas; South Llano River State Park
7/16/2019
Hedeoma drummondii

Only this single patch was found after surveying parts of the Fawn and Golden Cheek Warbler trails (area seems to be dominated by H. reverchonii), though I did not have time to explore the specific area more to see how large the population was. Strong minty smell. Flower calyces about 4.5-5mm. Corollas about 8.5 to 10.25mm measured to upper lip. Largest leaf about 8mm x 1mm near base of inflorescence. The plants were about 13-21cm tall. Overall, the plants looked very similar to the H. drummondii I have seen in Burnet and Williamson counties.

Photos / Sounds

What

Reverchon's False Pennyroyal Hedeoma reverchonii

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

July 16, 2019 03:48 PM CDT

Description

Kimble County, Texas; South Llano River State Park
7/16/2019
Hedeoma reverchonii

Found on Fawn and Golden Cheek Warbler Trails. Occasional on slopes to upland, more common on upland areas. Mostly appear near the end of blooming, but probably would have been more prominent around 3-4 weeks earlier. Leaves only smelled faintly of camphor; the flowers more so but also sometimes had an additional scent, though not minty. Flower calyces typically about 4.5-5mm for this group of plants. Corollas about 10.25 to 12mm measured to upper lip for this group. Largest leaf (typically just below inflorescence or at base of it) about 9x2.5mm. This group of plants ranged from about 22-25cm tall. The plants here might be treated as H. reverchonii var. serpyllifolia due to the camphor scent and the size of the calyces, but the corollas typically are longer than described for that variety.

The TEX herbarium has a specimen from this area (Hansen 4884) from when it was still the Walter Buck WMA which is identified as Hedeoma drummondii, probably incorrectly due to the prevalence of H. reverchonii here.

Photos / Sounds

What

Three-lined Maevia Paramaevia poultoni

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

July 10, 2019 01:45 PM CDT

Description

Williamson County, Texas; Granger Lake
7/10/2019
Paramaevia poultoni

Hanging out in the shade of the men's room at the CR496 trailhead.

Photos / Sounds

What

Lady Bird's Centaury Zeltnera texensis

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

July 2, 2019 01:30 PM CDT

Description

San Saba county, Texas; Colorado Bend State Park
7/2/2019
Zeltnera texensis

Common along portions of the Tie Slide trail on the north side of the park. Petals typically about 4mm. Calyx about 7mm. The stigmas, which are a differentiating feature between Zeltnera and Centaurium, I find very difficult to photograph well on Zeltnera texensis.

Photos / Sounds

What

Reverchon's False Pennyroyal Hedeoma reverchonii

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

July 2, 2019 06:27 PM CDT

Description

San Saba county, Texas; Colorado Bend State Park
7/2/2019
Hedeoma reverchonii

One of two small patches of plants on the edge of the upland on the Gorman Falls trail. Plants were typically 18-25cm tall. Flowering calyces were 5.5-6mm (including lower teeth) and corollas were 12-13mm long (measured to upper lip, tubes typically 1 to 1.5mm shorter). Plants smelled of camphor, a characteristic of var. serpyllifolia, but the corolla size was more in line with var. reverchonii.

I spent most of the afternoon scouting the Tie Slide and Gorman Falls trails for this genus. Given the rocky limestone terrain, I thought I might find it in some abundance, but only found the two small patches at the end of the day. I did not have time to explore the areas I found them in very thoroughly to see if there might be more in the area.

Photos / Sounds

What

Five-Eyes Genus Chamaesaracha

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 19, 2019 06:02 PM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/19/2019
Chamaesaracha sp.

Found in a patch along one of the dirt roads. A confusing genus to be sure. Of the four plants I examined within about half a square meter, 2 appeared like this one with almost exclusively branched hairs on the leaves, stems, and pedicels. The other two plants had a mix of glandular, branched, and simple trichomes on the leaves, stems, and pedicels.
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/26942386

Plants with dendritic hairs and lobed leaves in this area have recently been described as C. darcyi by Averett, but some examples of C. coniodes with dendritic hairs are also known. Given the proximity of plants that also have glandular hairs, I would lean towards calling these C. coniodes, but it is difficult to say.

Photo order:
1. Flower
2. Whole plant
3. Stem pubescence with branched hairs
4. Pedicel pubescence with branced and simple hairs
5. Leaf
6. Leaf pubescence with branched hairs
7. Leaf pubescence with branched hairs

Photos / Sounds

What

Gray Five-Eyes Chamaesaracha coniodes

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 19, 2019 06:20 PM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/19/2019
Chamaesaracha coniodes

Found in a patch along one of the dirt roads. A confusing genus to be sure. Of the four plants I examined within about half a square meter, 2 appeared like this one, apparently with a mix of glandular, branched, and simple trichomes on the leaves, stems, and pedicels. The other two (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/27251967) appeared to have a dense covering of branched hairs and some simple ones, but no glandular ones, and would likely be designated C. darcyi if not for the presence of the plants with glandular hair. Additionally, the glands on the leaves of these plants appeared suspiciously large, causing me to wonder if they might be multicellular or even nascent branches. One photo even appeared to show a branched glandular hair. The glandular hairs on the stems and pedicels seemed smaller. Unfortunately, a scope would have been needed to examine these phenomena. I intended to come back the next day for further examination, but ran out of time.

Photo order:
1. Flower
2. Whole plant
3. Pedicel pubescence with glandular and simple hairs
4. Stem pubescence with glandular, branched and simple hairs
5. Leaves
6. Leaf pubescence with seemingly glandular and branched hairs
7. Leaf pubescence with seemingly glandular and branched hairs
8. Leaf pubescence with seemingly glandular and branched hairs
9. Leaf pubescence focused on branched glandular hair

Photos / Sounds

What

Spurges Genus Euphorbia

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 19, 2019 07:41 PM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/19/2019
Euphorbia sp.

Trying to fulfill Nathan Taylor's request for Euphorbiaceae, though since it was towards the end of the day and I don't know this family well, I didn't get very good shots. I think it was the only spurge I noticed all weekend.

Small erect/ascending plant with warty fruits and hairy leaves and stems.

Photos / Sounds

What

Venus' Looking-Glass Triodanis biflora

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 18, 2019 07:02 PM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/18/2019
Triodanis biflora (formerly Triodanis perfoliata ssp. biflora

Photos / Sounds

What

Antelope Horns Asclepias asperula

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 18, 2019 07:50 PM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/18/2019
Asclepias asperula

Photos / Sounds

What

Common Hentz Jumping Spider Hentzia palmarum

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 19, 2019 01:08 PM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/19/2019
Hentzia palmarum

On one of the tables of the pavillion.

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Purple Mat Nama hispida

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 19, 2019 11:46 AM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/19/2019
Nama hispida

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Checkered White Pontia protodice

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 19, 2019 10:36 AM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/19/2019

Photos / Sounds

What

Redbud Menodora heterophylla

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 19, 2019 10:38 AM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/19/2019
Menodora heterophylla

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Silverleaf Nightshade Solanum elaeagnifolium

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 19, 2019 10:35 AM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/19/2019
Solanum elaeagnifolium

Photos / Sounds

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 19, 2019 10:31 AM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/19/2019
Chloris sp.

Photos / Sounds

What

Western Horsenettle Solanum dimidiatum

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 19, 2019 10:04 AM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/19/2019
Solanum dimidiatum

Flowers about 4cm across.

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Margined Calligrapher Toxomerus marginatus

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 19, 2019 10:29 AM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/19/2019
Toximerous marginatus

Photos / Sounds

What

Drummond's Beeblossom Oenothera hispida

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 19, 2019 10:12 AM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/19/2019
Oenothera hispida
(fomerly Gaura drummondii and Oenothera xenogaura)

Fruit about 8-9mm, mostly glabrous. Thickened taproot, perhaps rhizomatous. Branched from based to about 60cm.

I am not entirely convinced on this one. It seemed to make sense at the time, but there are a few features I would like to go back and check. The root seemed like and enlarged taproot and I did not have the energy to dig it out and see what it led to.

Link to the latest name of Gaura drummondii:
https://phytokeys.pensoft.net/article/4886/

Photos / Sounds

What

Bearded Prairie Clover Dalea pogonathera

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 19, 2019 11:28 AM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/19/2019
Dalea pogonathera var. walkerae

Common in one small area with low vegetation adjacent dirt road. Plants branching from base, typically to about 14cm, mostly glabrous with noticable glands on leaves and floral bracts. Leaves with 3-7 leaflets. Calyx teeth to about 2.5mm, barely shorter than tubes at about 3mm. Calyx densely pilose with hairs to about 1mm (difficult to tell without a scope). Appears to have 1 petal attached at rim of "floral cup", and 4 others along "stamen tube". Petals purple in the morning, fading to pale white sometime in the afternoon.

I spent several hours examining these plants on the last full day of the Bioblitz, unfortunately taking up much of the last day. In the morning when observing them with @centratex, I tentatively keyed them, based on the Flora of North Central Texas (FNCT), to Dalea reverchonii based primarily on the calyx teeth appearing shorter than the tube. In the afternoon after a couple hour lunch, I was surprised to find that I had trouble finding the plants in the afternoon because all the of the flowers had turned white in the intervening time. In closer examinaton, I realized that I had been glossing over part of the Dalea key which involved the placement of the petals, and what I was seeing appeared to be inconsistent with description of the group D. reverchonii was in, even though I still did not quite fully understand all the terminology. By the end of the day, the closest fit appeared to be D. lasiathera, though there appeared to be some inconsistentcies there too. The next day, I returned briefly to the spot with @pfau_tarleton and observed that the flowers were once again purple in the morning.

After looking closer at the FNCT and seeing the mention of D. pogonathera that was not included in the key and later consulting the comprehensive Daleae Imagines online, D. pogonathera seems like the closest fit.

Photos / Sounds

What

Small-flowered Milkvetch Astragalus nuttallianus

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 18, 2019 03:14 PM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/18/2019
Astragalus nuttallianus

Photos / Sounds

What

Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 18, 2019 06:52 PM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/18/2019
Rudbeckia hirta

Only a few of these in the area.

Photos / Sounds

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What

Slender Hedeoma Hedeoma acinoides

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 18, 2019 06:45 PM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/18/2019
Hedeoma acinoides

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Straggler Daisy Calyptocarpus vialis

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 18, 2019 06:35 PM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/18/2019
Calyptocarpus vialis

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Butterflies and Moths Order Lepidoptera

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 18, 2019 04:47 PM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/18/2019
Lepidoptera

Photos / Sounds

What

Texas Grama Bouteloua rigidiseta

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 18, 2019 05:26 PM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/18/2019
Bouteloua rigidiseta

Photos / Sounds

What

Texas Stork's Bill Erodium texanum

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 18, 2019 05:20 PM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/18/2019
Erodium texanum
fruiting

Fungi

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Fungi Including Lichens Kingdom Fungi

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 18, 2019 03:45 PM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/18/2019
Fungi?

Photos / Sounds

What

Gray Five-Eyes Chamaesaracha coniodes

Observer

rymcdaniel

Date

May 17, 2019 06:13 PM CDT

Description

Mills county, Texas; Timberlake Biological Field Station Bio Blitz
5/17/2019
Chamaesarach coniodes

Somewhat common on dirt road and disturbed areas adjacent to it with lower vegetation.

I had been excited to see some Chamaesaracha besides C. edwardsiana for a change and as luck would have it the first place I stopped at the Bioblitz I pretty much drove right over a patch of it.

Plants were typically small, with irregular pinnately lobed leaves ranging from 6-10mm wide, though some others in the population appeared somewhat wider and much less deeply lobed. Hairs on this plant were primarily short and glandular, with occassional simple ones about 2-4 times as long as the glandular ones. A cursory look at a couple of other plants did show that some plants also had branched hairs but I did not examine them closely on this day.

Picture order is: whole plant, flower, leaf, stem hairs, leaf hairs, and pedicel hairs.

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