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What

Black Locust Robinia pseudoacacia

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 29, 2015 12:41 PM CDT

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What

scat

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 27, 2015 11:14 AM CDT

Description

I see tracks nearby, ? Raccoon

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What

deer Family Cervidae

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 27, 2015 10:19 AM CDT

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Observer

denniswross

Date

March 27, 2015 10:26 AM CDT

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 2, 2015 02:52 PM EST

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What

Great Mullein Verbascum thapsus

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 21, 2015

Place

woods gap (Google, OSM)

Description

Early spring plant in our meadow

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What

Garter Snakes Genus Thamnophis

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 21, 2015

Description

This snake was dead on a small road. I cannot see the injury. I have preserved it and will examine more closely under dissection

Photos / Sounds

What

Common Land Snails and Slugs Order Stylommatophora

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 21, 2015

Description

I found this small, ? snail, at the junction of the leaf debris and earth. I am not sure if the shell which was common in the same area is the same organism.

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What

bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 21, 2015

Description

Early signs of Spring, lower on the mountain.

Fungi

Photos / Sounds

What

Fungus Kingdom Fungi

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 20, 2015

Place

Woods gap (Google, OSM)

Description

This fungus looks like dripping plaster or sparkling compound spilled and dripping down the tree stump.

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What

Earthworms and relatives Subclass Oligochaeta

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 20, 2015

Place

Woods gap (Google, OSM)

Description

A number of these earthworms are crawling across my gravel driveway this morning, all moving in the same direction. It has been warm earlier in the week, but cold and wet, around 34F for the last 36 hrs.

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Observer

denniswross

Date

March 13, 2015

Place

woods gap (Google, OSM)

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Observer

denniswross

Date

March 13, 2015

Place

woods gap (Google, OSM)

Description

A grove of about 60 spruce were planted about 30 years ago, probably for Christmas trees. They are now a small mature dense spruce island which is host to many animals and birds.

Mammals

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What

mammals Class Mammalia

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 13, 2015

Place

woods gap (Google, OSM)

Description

This scat was in the middle of a trail. It does not contain visible fur. Probably dog?

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What

skunk cabbage Symplocarpus foetidus

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 14, 2015

Place

woods gap (Google, OSM)

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What

Chinese Chestnut Castanea mollissima

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 5, 2015

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What

eastern red cedar Juniperus virginiana

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 5, 2015

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Observer

denniswross

Date

March 5, 2015

Place

(Somewhere...)

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What

Norway Spruce Picea abies

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 5, 2015

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What

White Pine Pinus strobus

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 4, 2015

Place

(Somewhere...)

Description

I do not know the cause of these 'collars' that go around the trunk of this white pine. I did not see this on other nearby trees.

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What

cliff saxifrage Micranthes petiolaris

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 4, 2015
Fungi

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What

fungus Kingdom Fungi

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 4, 2015

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What

mountain doghobble Leucothoe fontanesiana

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 4, 2015

Description

Start of a day hike into Joyce Kilmer Slickrock Wilderness

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What

Chicken Gallus gallus ssp. domesticus

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 2, 2015

Description

chickens in the garden as the old compost is turned preparing a new bed

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What

White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis

Observer

denniswross

Date

February 28, 2015 02:23 PM EST

Place

Woods gap (Google, OSM)

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What

Beard Lichens Genus Usnea

Observer

denniswross

Date

March 2, 2015 11:30 AM EST

Description

Old man's beard

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What

Field Cricket Gryllus campestris

Observer

denniswross

Date

June 9, 2014

Place

woods Gap (Google, OSM)

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What

Common Yellowjacket Vespula vulgaris

Observer

denniswross

Date

October 16, 2014

Place

woods Gap (Google, OSM)

Description

Yellow jacket nest in the ground dug up by a bear.

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Big Brown Bat Eptesicus fuscus

Observer

denniswross

Date

February 21, 2015

Place

Woods Gap (Google, OSM)

Description

Hi Dennis,
Thanks for the note. I remember you, and the bat corpse! You probably do have big brown bats on the move during the winter. Unfortunately, it's due to loss of fat reserves due to WNS. I know that wildlife rehabbers in the state are getting ALOT more bats this year than in previous years. My guess is that the big brown bats are moving out of their hibernacula (caves, attics, etc.) to feed, and then using some old day roosts, like your bat box, for a day here and there. It's not surprising that you are finding scat. It's just too bad that they are using the bat box, as it's less climate controlled than their hibernacula options. At the same time, it's a better, safer option for them vs. more exposed options. There's nothing you need to do - the bats will move if they get too cold, and hopefully go back to their long-term resting areas. The less we disturb them, the better. We just keep our fingers crossed, and hope they can make it through this awfully cold, snowy time.
Cheers,
Karen

____________________________________________
Karen E. (Francl) Powers, Ph.D.
Associate Professor, Biology
235 Curie
Box 6931
Radford University
Radford, VA 24142
(540) 831-6537 (office); (540) 831-5129 (fax)
________________________________________
From: Ross Dennis [forensicbotanist@gmail.com]
Sent: Monday, February 23, 2015 4:51 PM
To: Powers, Karen
Subject: Big brown bats -- not migrating?

Karen,

We have met several times at the Mt Rogers Naturalists’ Rally. Last spring I showed you a corpse of a bat which you identified as a Big Brown. A small colony (up to 15 individuals) spends summers in a ‘bat box’ under the eaves of my house near Floyd, VA. I take note of their approximate arrival and departure each year. This year they left around the end of October 2014. This is when I last saw them, and when I no longer need to sweep up their scat.

However, around December I began noting scat in smaller quantities but identical to what I normally see in summer. I have noted scat accumulating irregularly, but continuing throughout the winter to the present. Dis-aggregating the scat with a sharp needle suggests insect parts when viewed with a magnifying glass.
I have not seen any bats. I have avoided disturbing the bat box (i.e. climbing a ladder to open it up and look in). You have instructed me in how sensitive bats are to be disturbed during hibernation.

My questions: I did not think the Big Brown bat would ‘hibernate’ in its summer location.
Do bats defecate during hibernation?
Am I mistaking mouse droppings for bat droppings? There are none in the house where I would expect mice, and none except under the bat box.

Other than continued observation, is there anything that you recommend I do. I am glad to send you samples or show the bat box to you or one of your students.

Sincerely,

Dennis Ross MD, PhD — retired professor of Pathology UNC

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina

Observer

denniswross

Date

February 20, 2015

Place

Woods Gap (Google, OSM)

Description

One snow covered wintry day at the bird feeder

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