Huisache (aka Sweet Acacia) (Acacia farnesiana)
31 July 2016
Cook’s Slough Sanctuary & Nature Park
Uvalde, Uvalde County, Texas
Huisache, as this small native tree is called in Spanish is also known by the additional names in English of Sweet Acacia, Cassie, Texas Huisache, Sweet Wattle, and Mimosa Bush. While this tree grows in the entire southern tier of states from California to Florida in the United States, nowhere does it grow most densely than in Texas. And in Texas, it is in the Big Bend region of West Texas, Central and South Texas in particular, that it is most concentrated though it extends into Southeast Texas and here and there pops up in the North Central part of the state as well. The Aggie Horticulture online site's thumbnail sketch for Huisache indicates that: "Huisache is a lovely, intensely fragrant vase-shaped tree native to South Texas and Mexico. The small, ball-shaped bright gold flowers are borne in profusion from February through April. Huisache grows on the heavier, wetter clays and clay loams of the Rio Grande Plains to Big Bend National Park. It is an extremely durable plant, adapted to most soils as long as they are well drained. The branches are armed with paired spines up to 2" long." We encountered Huisache growing widely at Cook's Slough. Because of its growth in Mexico and the United States, Huisache is an authentic resident of the Western Hemisphere. Cook's Slough Sanctuary & Nature Park is administered by the City of Uvalde, Texas.
"Huisache, Sweet Acacia, Cassie, Texas Huisache," Aggie Horticulture, Texas A&M University, photograph, description, accessed 8.17.16, http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/ornamentals/natives/ACACIAFARNESIANA.HTM
"Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn. - Sweet Acacia," Plants Database, US Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, range map, description, classification, resources, accessed 8.17.16, http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VAFA
Área Natural Protegida El Cimatario
Querétaro de Arteaga (México)
Laura Uribe, Grupo Vasconcelos
Vachellia farnesiana, also known as Acacia farnesiana, and previously Mimosa farnesiana, commonly known as needle bush, is so named because of the numerous thorns distributed along its branches. The native range of V. farnesiana is uncertain. While the point of origin is Mexico and Central America, the species has a pantropical distribution incorporating northern Australia and southern Asia. It remains unclear whether the extra-American distribution is primarily natural or anthropogenic. It is deciduous over part of...