Sword ferns have distinct sword-shaped leaflets and are larger than all the other ferns. They are single-pinnate, with the pinnate alternating on the stalk. Produce light yellow spores.
Next to the parking lot with Oregon grape and evergreen huckleberry.
Prolific in the area where the Western Red Cedars were growing.
This fern is a dark-green color with leathery, pinnately compound leaflets. Its name comes from the characteristic sword-like shape of its leaflets. The leaves are tapered at both ends and have opposite leaflets that sit in two rows all the way down the light-brown colored stem that sits about three feet high. They grow straight from the ground in swampy, moist habitats and are commonly found in the midst of other species.
has catapillar-like growths on the ends of stem with nodules; pointier leaves opposite of each other; turning a browner/red color on some leaves?; strong, straight stem