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    • Pluteaceae

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Recent observations

Photos / Sounds

Observer

codfish

Date

October 1, 2014

Description

Medium sized Pluteus with a dark fibrous cap and pinky gills with a dark edge. Microscopically matches P. velutinornatus. This fruiting body nicely shows the green colour on the stipe that can be associated with this species. Growing on rotting end of a cut branch on a living whiteywood. Pluteus have been regularly seen on Melicytus ramiflorus in this area. It is possible to identify the dead wood as it is often still attached to a living tree. I have never seen Pluteus on dead wood of planted whiteywood in urban reserves but in this broadleaf forest Melicytus ramiflorus is a substrate for Pluteus species.

Photos / Sounds

What

Deer Mushroom Pluteus cervinus

Observer

rwp84

Date

October 25, 2014

Photos / Sounds

Observer

codfish

Date

July 27, 2014

Description

Group of 3 medium sized Pluteus on fallen small branch with a pale pink cap with hints of tan and a striate margin, 3.5-4 cm diam. x 3-3.5 cm height. Gills pink, concolorous and stipe creamy pink-tan, 4 mm diam. Cap cells with a tapered apex and narrow base and no pigment. Gill edge cystidia oblong with a rounded apex and stalk. Pleurocystidia not seen and stipe was not looked at. Spore size variable, about 8 x 6.5 u with some larger spores. Remnant mature coastal broadleaf forest. Close to P. decoloratus. Quite common over the winter period but very short lived so not often in good condition.

Photos / Sounds

Square

Observer

cooperj

Date

July 30, 2013

Photos / Sounds

Observer

codfish

Date

October 4, 2014

Description

Small Pluteus with pale tan cap, lighter towards margin, 1 cm diam. x 2 cm. height with a somewhat striate margin. Gills cream. Stipe cream, ridged, flocculose, 1-1.5 mm diam. Cap cells cylindrical with a narrow stalk at base, shorter and long cells seen. Pleurocystidia and cheilocystidia similar size. Cheilocystidia oblong with a rounded top and narrow base (clavate). Pleurocystidia fusiform with a conical top - some with apex extended into a thinner neck. Stipe cystidia like cheilocystidia. Remnant mature coastal broadleaf forest. Microscopically and macroscopically this is similar to P. minor although this is a very small fruiting body. This species has been seen on several occasions over the season (also see observation 1007496). Fruiting bodies solitary and usually a little larger than this.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

codfish

Date

September 17, 2014

Description

Medium to small sized light tan-brown Pluteus on fallen whiteywood. Hemispherical cap, 1.8-3 cm diam. x 3-4.5 cm height. Gills cream becoming pink. Stipe white, ridged with beige base, flocculose, 2.5 mm. Pleurocystidia fusiform overall with a conical top, similar size to largest cheilocystidia. Cheilocystida variable, oblong and utriform. Stipe cystidia plentiful, clavate. Cap cells most utriform. Remnant mature coastal broadleaf forest.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

codfish

Date

September 10, 2014

Description

Medium sized creamy light brown Pluteus on fallen rotting branch. One fruiting body with two tiny young ones near base. Distinctive cap color, 3 cm diam. x 4 cm. height. Gills pink, concolorous. Stipe cream, 2.5 mm diam. Pleurocystidia fusiform, similar size to largest cheilocystidia. Cap cells brown pigment, clavate - widest at apex, with rounded apex, slight constriction below apex in some. Stipe cystidia medium sized, variable, most oblong. Remnant mature coastal broadleaf forest.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

codfish

Date

October 15, 2014

Description

Medium to large sized Pluteus on fallen branch. Distinctive yellow coloration. Cap creamy-yellow covered in raised brown squamules, lined on margin but not really striate. Cap diam. 4-4.5 cm x height 4 cm. Gills pink, very slight brown edge but not visible in photograph. Stipe cream, yellow at bottom half, ridged with brown fibril on bottom half, 5 mm diam. A group of 3 fruiting bodies. Distinctive stipe cystidia, very plentiful, narrow with a tapered apex, some with apex projection. Pleurocystidia lagenoform with apex like neck of a bottle, similar in size to cheilocystidia. Cap cells long cylindrical most with a tapered apex and some with a projection. Remnant mature coastal broadleaf forest. Not similar to any described New Zealand species, possibly introduced although it is not common to see Pluteus in an urban environment.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

codfish

Date

October 22, 2014

Description

Medium sized dark grey-brown on soil, 3 cm diam. x 3 cm. height. Three fruiting bodies in same area. Gills beige-cream, concolorous, perhaps with a paler edge. Stipe grey, ridged, flocculose, 2.5-3 mm diam. Distinctive long cylindrical stipe cystidia - longer than any others I have observed on Pluteus. Pleurocystidia utriform and much larger than cheilocystidia. Cap cells long and slender with a tapered apex and brown pigment. Pink sporeprint. This is the only Pluteus I have observed on soil this season. Microscopically similar to P. inconspicuus with large pleurocystidia and long stipe cystidia except fruiting bodies larger than described and P. inconspicuus described from South Island. Remnant mature coastal broadleaf forest.

Photos / Sounds

Square

Observer

lcardena

Date

September 30, 2014

Photos / Sounds

Observer

codfish

Date

September 13, 2014

Description

Small Pluteus with a hemispherical cap incurved at margin. Dark brown velvety cap with white-cream gills (later turning pink). Two fruiting bodies, 1 cm diam. x 2 cm height and 2 cm diam. x 5 cm height were seen. Stipe white with greyish base and white fibres. Pleurocystida seem to be two sizes, large ovoid to ellipsoid with a stalk and smaller with a more conical apex. Gill edge cystidia variable and about the same size as smaller conical pleurocystidia. Stipe cystidia plentiful, clavate. Cap cells cylindrical with a rounded apex and tapered base and with brown pigment. Spores about 6-6.5 x 5 u. On fallen branch of whiteywood, remnant mature coastal broadleaf forest.

Photos / Sounds

Observer

codfish

Date

September 10, 2014

Description

Small velvety rich-brown cap with creamy-pink gills and a white-cream stipe with a grey tinge. Cap 2 cm diam. x 3.5 cm height. Stipe 2 mm diam. The outer half of the gills have a fine dark edge. Distinctive ovoid-ellipsoid shaped cap cells. Gill face cystidia and gill edge cystidia both a similar size. Both cheilocystidia and pleurocystidia have a conical apex and approximate fusiform. The apex of some cheilocystidia is narrower. No stipe cystidia and no clamp connections seen. Spores about 6.5-7.5 x 5.5-6 u. On very rotten bryophyte-covered wood on ground in remnant mature coastal broadleaf forest. The cap cells are distinctive and the closest match to a New Zealand described species is Pluteus terricola but the cap is not wrinkled-venose.

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Description from Wikipedia

The Pluteaceae are a family of small to medium-sized mushrooms which have free gill attachment and pink spores. Members of Pluteaceae can be mistaken for members of Entolomataceae, but can be distinguished by their angled spores and attached gills. The four genera in the Pluteaceae include the widely distributed Volvariella and Pluteus, the rare Chamaeota, and Volvopluteus, newly described in 2011 as a result of molecular analysis. The Dictionary of the Fungi (10th edition, 2008) estimates...

No range data available.