the leaf-litter, photographed incidentally
dry outwash terrace?
I suppose there is some off chance of black oak up here too but to my knowledge it doesn't come this far north in VT
An exceptionally tall(146') northern red oak at Sand Run Metropark
Quercus rubra, commonly called northern red oak or champion oak, (syn. Quercus borealis), is an oak in the red oak group (Quercus section Lobatae). It is a native of North America, in the northeastern United States and southeast Canada. It grows from the north end of the Great Lakes, east to Nova Scotia, south as far as Georgia and states with good soil that is slightly acidic. Often simply called "red oak", northern red oak is...