Classification
Within iNaturalist.org

All Names

  • Scientific Names
    • Vipera ammodytes
    • Coluber ammodytes
    • Vipera aspis balcanica
  • German
    • Europäische Hornotter
    • Europäische Sandotter
  • English
    • Nose-horned Viper
  • Italian
    • Vipera dal corno

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Recent observations

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Nose-horned Viper Vipera ammodytes

Date

September 4, 2016 11:26 AM SAST

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Nose-horned Viper Vipera ammodytes

Observer

nastja

Date

April 12, 2016 04:00 PM CEST

Description

Modras

Photos / Sounds

What

Nose-horned Viper Vipera ammodytes

Observer

lilly2016

Date

July 2, 2011 03:47 PM CEST

Photos / Sounds

What

Nose-horned Viper Vipera ammodytes

Observer

lilly2016

Date

July 2, 2011 07:50 AM CEST

Photos / Sounds

What

Nose-horned Viper Vipera ammodytes

Observer

lilly2016

Date

July 2, 2011 03:57 PM CEST

Photos / Sounds

Square

Date

April 19, 2011 04:44 PM BST

Photos / Sounds

Square

Date

June 8, 2009 11:19 AM BST

Place

Montenegro (Google, OSM)

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Nose-horned Viper Vipera ammodytes

Observer

danieleseglie

Date

June 30, 2016 11:01 AM CEST

Description

1 individual

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Nose-horned Viper Vipera ammodytes

Observer

danieleseglie

Date

June 23, 2016 04:13 PM CEST

Description

1 individual roadkilled

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Nose-horned Viper Vipera ammodytes

Observer

danieleseglie

Date

June 20, 2016 12:09 AM CEST

Description

1 adulto

Photos / Sounds

What

Nose-horned Viper Vipera ammodytes

Observer

danieleseglie

Date

June 19, 2016 08:52 PM CEST

Description

1 giovane

Photos / Sounds

Observer

katya

Date

October 29, 2015 01:57 PM EET

Description

Это, вероятно, самая опасная змея в Европе.
Ареал - северо-восток Италии, юг Австрии, юг Словакии, запад Венгрии, Словения, Хорватия, Босния и Герцеговина, Сербия, Черногория, Албания, Греция, Македонию, Румынию, Болгария, Турция, Грузия и Сирия.
Несмотря на свою репутацию, змея этого вида, как правило, вялая, совсем не агрессивная, не кусает без значительной провокации. Если удивлена, может реагировать по-разному - останется неподвижной, будет шипеть и уползет или попытается укусить.
Этот вид часто держат в неволе и успешно разводят. Яд V. Ammodytes используется в производстве противоядия от укуса других европейских гадюк, и змеи специально выращиваются для этой цели.
Является охраняемым видом в соответствии с Приложением II Бернской конвенции.

Vipera ammodytes is a venomous viper species found in southern Europe through to the Balkans and parts of the Middle East.
It is reputed to be the most dangerous of the European vipers due to its large size, long fangs (up to 13 mm) and high venom toxicity.
Despite its reputation, this species is generally lethargic, not at all aggressive, and tends not to bite without considerable provocation. Humans respond rapidly to this venom, as do mice and birds. Lizards are less affected, while amphibians may even survive a bite.
This species has often been kept in captivity and bred successfully. V. ammodytes venom is used in the production of antivenin for the bite of other European vipers and the snake is farmed for this purpose.
This species is listed as strictly protected (Appendix II) under the Berne Convention.

View all observations

Description from Wikipedia

Vipera ammodytes is a venomous viper species found in southern Europe through to the Balkans and parts of the Middle East. It is reputed to be the most dangerous of the European vipers due to its large size, long fangs (up to 13 mm) and high venom toxicity. The specific name, ammodytes, is derived from the Greek words ammos, meaning "sand", and dutes, meaning "burrower" or "diver"; not a very good name for an animal that actually...

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Conservation Summary

  • Globally
    Of least concern (LC) (Source: IUCN Red List)
    Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough (30% or greater) to qualify for listing in a more threatened category at the global level.
  • Italy
    Lc - minor preoccupazione (Source: IUCN Liste Rosse Italiane)
    Alcune popolazioni sono localizzate e isolate dal resto dell'areale italiano (Veneto e Alto Adige), Bonato et al. (2007) riportano la scomparsa di varie popolazioni poste nella porzione occidentale dell'areale tuttavia la specie è valutata a Minor Preoccupazione (LC) perché malgrado il suo areale è inferiore di 20000 km2, la popolazione è presumibilmente ampia e non ci sono minacce rilevanti. Sull'altopiano carsico in particolare la specie è diffusa e in contatto con le popolazioni di Slovenia e Croazia.
Source: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/spatial-data. Downloaded March 2011.
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