Foxtail Barley

Hordeum jubatum

The foxtail barley grass are mostly around moist meadows or near ditches, roadside. 8

By Paulina (age 14) and Rune (age 13) from Albuquerque Sign Language Academy

Hordeum jubatum, with common names foxtail barley, bobtail barley, squirreltail barley, and intermediate barley, is a perennial plant species in the grass family Poaceae. It occurs wild mainly in northern North America and adjacent northeastern Siberia. However, as it escaped often from gardens it can be found worldwide in areas with temperate to warm climates, and is considered a weed in many countries. The species is a polyploid and originated via hybrid

The foxtail barley grass also known as hordeum jubatum is part of the poaceae family. It grows in northern North America and northeastern Siberia. It grows to about 1 to 2 feet tall, and is a pale green to purple color, and has a bushy spike that fades to a tawny (of an orange-brown or yellowish-brown color) color and it can become very brittle when full grown. Leaves are about 1/8 to 1/4 inch wide. Leaves are grayish-green and have a rough texture. In the inside of the leaf, it has numerous soft hairs. Seeds are yellowish brown, 1/4 inch long with 4 to 8 awns (a stiff bristle, especially one of those growing from the ear or flower of barley, rye, and many grasses.) The awns are up to 3 inches long. Seeds have sharp, backward-pointing barbs.
The foxtail barley grass are mostly around moist meadows or near ditches, roadside. The foxtail awn attaches onto the hair/fur of the wildlife. Once the animals has the seed on the fur, the seed is transported into new area for colonization (making a new colony of this kind of grass).
Edible parts of Foxtail Barley is the seed; Raw or cooked. The seed is very small and hard to use. If you roast the seed, it can become a coffee substitute. It can also be used as a medicinal herb, like they used the dry root. It can be wrapped, then moistened and used as a compress for styes in the eyes or on swollen eyelids. For us humans, it can be mashed into flour and used in cereal, making bread, or porridge as well. However for animals, it can be dangerous if they get it in their eyes or ears it can cause infection or even death.

Work cited:
Matney, Casey. “Foxtail Barley“. Colorado State University December, 2014. May 7,2019

Sources and Credits

  1. (c) botanybee, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), http://www.inaturalist.org/photos/3982679
  2. (c) dkset, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), https://www.inaturalist.org/photos/9957147
  3. (c) dkset, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), https://www.inaturalist.org/photos/9957500
  4. (c) Barbara L. Wilson, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), https://www.inaturalist.org/photos/28124144
  5. (c) frankfrank, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), https://www.inaturalist.org/photos/28759526
  6. (c) Barbara L. Wilson, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), https://www.inaturalist.org/photos/28123799
  7. (c) Jim Morefield, some rights reserved (CC BY), https://www.flickr.com/photos/127605180@N04/16041164865/
  8. Adapted by smiller33 from a work by (c) Wikipedia, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hordeum_jubatum

More Info

iNat Map

Color green, purple