Barn Owl

Tyto alba

Summary 6

The barn owl (Tyto alba) is the most widely distributed species of owl, and one of the most widespread of all birds. It is also referred to as the common barn owl, to distinguish it from other species in its family, Tytonidae, which forms one of the two main lineages of living owls, the other being the typical owls (Strigidae). The barn owl is found almost everywhere in the world except polar and desert regions, Asia...

Tyto alba 7

A medium-sized (14-20 inches) owl, the Barn Owl is most easily identified by its tan head and body, pale breast, triangular facial disk (most owl species have round faces) and brown eyes. Part of a small group of owls mostly found in Australasia, this species is unlikely to be confused with owl species outside of its own family. Male and female Barn Owls are similar to one another in all seasons. Barn Owls occur across much of the globe. In the New World, this species occurs from extreme southern Canada and the northern United States south to the southern tip of South America, including the islands in the Caribbean. In the Old World, this species occurs in most of Europe, Africa, South Asia, and Australia. Barn Owls inhabit an enormous variety of open and semi-open habitats across this species’ wide range. These habitats include forest edges, grassland, scrub, meadows, agricultural fields, and even urban and suburban areas. Barn Owls eat a variety of small animals, primarily rodents (including mice, voles, and shrews). Like most owls, Barn Owls hunt at night, listening for movement in the undergrowth with their superb hearing and swooping down to capture prey. Birdwatchers may watch for this species at dawn or dusk, and may listen for this species’ grating “kschh” call. Barn Owls are primarily active at night.

Threat Status: Least concern

Sources and Credits

  1. (c) Tim, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND), http://www.flickr.com/photos/19021435@N00/2792563210
  2. (c) Edd deane from Swaffham, England, some rights reserved (CC BY), https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2c/Barn_Owl_in_Norfolk.jpg
  3. (c) Edd deane from Swaffham, England, some rights reserved (CC BY), https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/Barn_Owl_West_Acre_1.jpg
  4. (c) Edd deane from Swaffham, England, some rights reserved (CC BY), https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f5/Barn_Owl_South_Acre_1.jpg
  5. (c) Tim from Ithaca, some rights reserved (CC BY), https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b5/Barn_Owl_Pyramid_Lake_1.jpg
  6. (c) Wikipedia, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyto_alba
  7. (c) Unknown, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA), http://eol.org/data_objects/22710224

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