Canada Goldenrod

Solidago canadensis

Summary 4

Solidago canadensis (known as Canada goldenrod or Canadian goldenrod) is an herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae native to northeastern and north-central North America but established as an invasive plant in other parts of the continent and in other countries as well. It is often grown as an ornamental in flower gardens. The Solidago canadenis most commonly known as the Canadian Goldenrod is one of America’s most overlooked treasures. The Canadian Goldenrod is most commonly recognized by its bright yellow flowers on the tip of the plant, another feature to recognize is its long green stem that is covered in darker green leaves. The goldenrod is technically a weed but it is so much more beautiful in comparison to other weeds. Some ways you can tell if a plant is a goldenrod is by looking for the long stem, the spearhead shaped leaves and the cluster of yellow blooms at the top of the plant.
The Solidago canadensis plays a nice little role in nature. The goldenrod provides pollen and nectar to bees, this helps bees survive and take pollen to other plants so they can grow too. The goldenrod is also grazed by cattle, sheep, horses, and deer. The goldenrod grows pretty much everywhere in the U.S. it can be found from roadsides and railroads to prairies and thickets.
This plant is also very helpful to humans, as it can be used as medicine. Many Native Americans have used this plant for medicine, they would use it to treat arthritis, gout, allergies, colds, flu, inflammation of the bladder or urinary tract, kidney stones, eczema and minor wounds.

Blau, Kathryn. “Goldenrod: the Bee's Knees.” Chestnut School of Herbal Medicine, 27 June 2018,
“Plants Profile for Solidago Canadensis (Canada Goldenrod).” Welcome to the PLANTS Database | USDA PLANTS,
“Solidago Canadensis.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 9 Sept. 2018,

Created by: Xavier Johnson, 11th grade

Sources and Credits

  1. (c) Steve Chilton, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND),
  2. (c) xzavierjayjohnson, all rights reserved, uploaded by xzavierjayjohnson,
  3. (c) Jkadavoor (Jee), some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA),
  4. Adapted by xzavierjayjohnson from a work by (c) Wikipedia, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA),

More Info

Range Map

iNat Map

Color yellow