Taxonomy

Animalia Chordata Vertebrata Amphibia Caudata Plethodontidae Pseudoeurycea Pseudoeurycea naucampatepetl

Taxonomic notes: Section empty

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Geographic Range

This species is known only from the Cofre de Perote and Cerro Volcancillo, two mountains located in the Sierra Madre Oriental, central Veracruz, Mexico. Its altitudinal range is from 2,500-3,000m asl.

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Habitat

It lives in pine-oak forests with abundant bunch grass. Its remaining habitat is very degraded, which might explain why it can no longer be found. The species is terrestrial and reproduces by direct development.

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Population

There is very little information on population status. It is known from five specimens, and has not been seen for 20 years, despite searches (including very thorough surveys in 2003 and 2004), such that the species might already be extinct.

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My searches in 2009, 2010, and 2014 also failed to turn up this species.

Posted by smrovito about 8 years ago (Flag)
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Use Trade

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Threats

Much of the original habitat of this species has been lost due to extensive logging, farming (especially potatoes), and expanding human settlements.

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Specific Threats

  • 2.1.2 Small-holder farming
  • 1.1 Housing & urban areas
  • 5.3.5 Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
  • 7.1.3 Trend Unknown/Unrecorded

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Conservation Actions

It is not known from any protected areas, and protection of the forested areas that still remain in the Cofre de Perote area is a priority. Further survey work is also required to determine the current population status of the species, and whether or not it survives in the wild.

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Specific Actions

  • 1.1 Site/area protection
  • 1.2 Resource & habitat protection

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Red List Rationale

Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and in the number of mature individuals, in east-central Veracruz, Mexico.

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Bibliography

  • Parra-Olea, G., Garcia-Paris, M., Papenfuss, T.J. and Wake, D.B. 2005. Systematics of the Pseudoeurycea bellii (Caudata: Plethodontidae) species complex. Herpetologica: 145-158.
  • Parra-Olea, G., Papenfuss, T.J. and Wake, D.B. 2001. New species of lungless salamanders of the genus Pseudoeurycea (Amphibia: Caudata: Plethodontidae) from Veracruz, Mexico. Scientific papers of the Natural History Museum of the University of Kansas: 1-9.

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