Taxonomy

Animalia Chordata Vertebrata Amphibia Anura Bufonidae Incilius Incilius campbelli

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Geographic Range

This species is found at low and moderate altitudes in northern and eastern Guatemala, southern Belize, and extreme western Honduras, from 100-1,080 m asl. It probably occurs more widely.

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Population

It is still found in good numbers in appropriate habitats in Belize and Honduras, and is still common in the Sierra de Santa Cruz.

FORO:

It´s common in the recently declare Amphibian Reserve in Sierra Caral, Morales, Izabal, Guatemala. (Carlos Vásquez Almazan)

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It´s common in the recently declare Amphibian Reserve in Sierra Caral, Morales, Izabal, Guatemala.

Posted by carlosvasquezalmazan almost 5 years ago (Flag)
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Habitat

It lives in and near streams in pristine forest in mountainous regions (in Honduras, in lowland moist and premontane wet forest). It breeds primarily in streams but has also been found breeding in pools in Guatemala.

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Use Trade

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Threats

In Honduras and Guatemala, it is threatened by habitat destruction, and in Belize, by hurricanes.

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Specific Threats

  • 5.3.5 Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
  • 11.4 Storms & flooding
  • 2.1.1 Shifting agriculture

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Conservation Actions

Much of its range is protected in forest reserves of the Mayan Mountains, in Parque Nacional Laguna Lachuá and the Reserva de Manantiales Montañas del Mico, and Parque Nacional Cerro Azul in Honduras.


FORO:

Recently was declare the Amphibian Conservation Reserve in Sierra Caral, Izabal, Guatemala. In this locality is common and easy to find. (Carlos Vásquez Almazan)

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Recently was declare the Amphibian Conservation Reserve in Sierra Caral, Izabal, Guatemala. In this locality is common and easy to find.

Posted by carlosvasquezalmazan almost 5 years ago (Flag)
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Specific Actions

  • 1.1 Site/area protection

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Red List Rationale

Listed as Near Threatened because its Extent of Occurrence is probably not much greater than 20,000 km2, and the extent and quality of its habitat are declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.

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Bibliography

  • Attum, O. and Eason, P. 1999. Bufo campbelli (Campbell's forest toad). Herpetological Review: 106.
  • Campbell, J.A. 1998. Amphibians and Reptiles of Northern Guatemala, the Yucatán and Belize. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.
  • Campbell, J.A. 2001. Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Guatemala. University of Texas, Arlington, Web published: http://www.uta.edu/biology/campbell.
  • Franklin, C.J. and Franklin, J. 1999. Bufo campbelli (Campbell's forest toad). Herpetological Review: 105.
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The Amphibians and Reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Lee, J.C. 2000. A Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of the Maya World. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Mendelson III, J.R. 1994. A new species of toad (Anura: Bufonidae) from the lowlands of eastern Guatemala. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History of the University of Kansas: 1-21.
  • Mendelson III, J.R. 1997. A new species of toad (Anura: Bufonidae) from the Pacific highlands of Guatemala and southern Mexico, with comments on the status of Bufo valliceps macrocristatus. Herpetologica: 14-30.

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