Coastal Biodiversity of Chennai

A guide to the coastal biodiversity seen along the Chennai coast and neighboring districts. Featured species are those that have been recorded by the team from Madras Naturalists’ Society, as part of our documentation of the Tamil Nadu coast.

Sunset Siliqua 1
Siliqua radiata
common razor clam 2
Pinna bicolor
Wrinkled Wedge Clam 3
Donax scortum
Two-toned Cardita 3
Cardites bicolor
Asian Backwater Clam 4
Meretrix casta
Rayed Wheel Limpet 5
Cellana radiata
Duplicate Turritella 5
Zaria duplicata
Indian Babylon Snail 3
Babylonia zeylanica
Rapa Whelks 4
Rapana
Spiral Babylon Snail 3
Babylonia spirata
Bailer shell 1
Melo melo
Spiral Melongena 1
Volegalea cochlidium
Paper Fig Shell 1
Ficus ficus
Ball Helmet Snail 5
Semicassis bisulcata
Grey Bonnet Snail 1
Phalium glaucum
Mud Creeper 3
Telescopium telescopium
Girdled horn snail 1
Pirenella cingulata
Spotted Tun 3
Tonna dolium
Red Ghost Crab 3
Ocypode macrocera
Ring-legged Fiddler Crab 3
Austruca annulipes
Long-legged Hermit Crab 3
Clibanarius longitarsus
Sand Flea 3
Emerita emeritus
Mottled Lightfoot Crab 1
Grapsus albolineatus
Three-spotted Swimmer Crab 1
Portunus sanguinolentus
Horn-eyed Ghost Crab 5
Ocypode brevicornis
Common Moon Crab 1
Matuta victor
Tawny Hermit Crab 3
Coenobita rugosus
Viola Land Hermit Crab 3
Coenobita violascens
Plain Sand Star 1
Astropecten indicus
Hooked Ark Shell 6
Cucullaea labiata
Spindle Snail 1
Fusinus forceps
Madras Harp Shell 1
Harpa davidis
White Hammer Oyster 3
Malleus albus
Girdled Triton 1
Linatella caudata
Spiny Frog Shell 3
Bufonaria echinata
Slender Tower Shell 3
Turritella columnaris
Necklace Cone 6
Conus monile
Amadis Cone 3
Conus amadis
Orange Mud Crab 1
Scylla olivacea
Black-spined Murex 3
Murex ternispina
Rare-spined Murex 7
Murex trapa
Abbas Cone 6
Conus abbas
Intertidal Purse Crab 3
Ryphila cancellus
Clear Sundial 3
Architectonica laevigata
Virgin Murex 1
Chicoreus virgineus
Tranquebar Scallop 3
Volachlamys tranquebaria
Bladder Moon Snail 3
Neverita didyma
Red Egg Crab 3
Atergatis integerrimus
Olive Sea Snail 3
Oliva oliva
White Long-armed Crab 3
Parthenope longimanus
Cobweb Cone 3
Conus araneosus
Bengal whipray 3
Brevitrygon imbricata
Boddart's Blue-spotted Mudskipper 3
Boleophthalmus boddarti
Dendritic Clam 3
Sunetta meroe
Sunburst Carrier Shell 3
Stellaria solaris
Man O' Wars 3
Physalia
Blue Button 4
Porpita porpita
Tower Shell 3
Turritella attenuata
Thai Vinegar Crab 1
Episesarma mederi
Motley Fiddler Crab 4
Austruca variegata
Mole Crab 5
Albunea symmysta
Coral Swimmer Crab 1
Charybdis feriata
Guerini Box Crab 3
Calappa guerini
Estuarine Rock Crab 3
Metopograpsus thukuhar
Ribbon Bullia 1
Bullia vittata
Chank Shell 1
Turbinella pyrum
Gibbous Olive 1
Agaronia gibbosa
Bordered Sea Star 3
Craspidaster hesperus
Orange-striped Hermit Crab 3
Clibanarius infraspinatus
Textile Cone 3
Conus textile
Galloping Sea Star 3
Stellaster equestris
Gold Tunicate 3
Symplegma brakenhielmi
Marbled Octopus 3
Amphioctopus aegina
Floral Hermit 3
Dardanus imbricatus
Cuneate Wedge Clam 3
Donax cuneatus
Stonefish 3
Choridactylus multibarbus
Indian Lionfish 3
Pterois miles
Osprey 3
Pandion haliaetus
Sandwich Tern
Thalasseus sandvicensis
Greater Crested Tern 3
Thalasseus bergii
Caspian Tern 3
Hydroprogne caspia
Common Tern 3
Sterna hirundo
Little Tern 3
Sternula albifrons
White-winged Tern 3
Chlidonias leucopterus
Gull-billed Tern 3
Gelochelidon nilotica
Roseate Tern 4
Sterna dougallii

Edited by Rohith Srinivasan, Yuvan Aves, Vikas Madhav, Nanditha Ram Satagopan, Aswathi, and Anooja Anil, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA)

Photo Credits

  • 1. (c) rohithsrinivasan, all rights reserved, uploaded by Rohith Srinivasan
  • 2. (c) Rohith Srinivasan, all rights reserved
  • 3. (c) vikas2, all rights reserved, uploaded by Vikas Madhav
  • 4. (c) Yuvan Aves, all rights reserved, uploaded by Rohith Srinivasan
  • 5. (c) yuvanaves, all rights reserved, uploaded by Yuvan Aves
  • 6. (c) Rohith Srinivasan, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
  • 7. (c) Nanditha Ram Satagopan, all rights reserved, uploaded by Rohith Srinivasan
  • 8. (c) Vikas Madhav , all rights reserved, uploaded by Rohith Srinivasan