Photos / Sounds

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What

Devil's-Fingers Clathrus archeri

Observer

douglassmith

Date

November 5, 2011

Description

Found by others at the SMG foray.

Devil's-Fingers - Photo (c) Cordula Bernert, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Devil's-Fingers (Clathrus archeri)
Added on September 25, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

Observer

squiresk

Date

February 4, 2017 12:11 PM EST
Atrax - Photo (c) factoids, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Genus Atrax, a member of Australian Funnel-web Spiders (Family Atracidae)
Added on September 25, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

What

Australian Funnel-web Spiders Family Atracidae

Observer

substanz

Date

November 6, 2018 12:29 PM CET
Atrax - Photo (c) factoids, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Genus Atrax, a member of Australian Funnel-web Spiders (Family Atracidae)
Added on September 25, 2020.
Leading

Photos / Sounds

What

Typical Spiders Suborder Araneomorphae

Observer

peromingo

Date

May 21, 2020 08:00 PM SAST

Description

Arañas

Typical Spiders - Photo (c) Rick McNelly, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Typical Spiders (Suborder Araneomorphae)
Added on September 22, 2020.
Improving

Photos / Sounds

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What

Typical Spiders Suborder Araneomorphae

Observer

heliasrex

Date

April 15, 2020 07:17 PM CEST
Typical Spiders - Photo (c) Rick McNelly, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Typical Spiders (Suborder Araneomorphae)
Added on September 22, 2020.
Improving

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Typical Spiders Suborder Araneomorphae

Observer

lacaffeinata

Date

August 6, 2020 08:09 PM SAST
Typical Spiders - Photo (c) Rick McNelly, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Typical Spiders (Suborder Araneomorphae)
Added on September 22, 2020.
Improving

Photos / Sounds

What

Typical Spiders Suborder Araneomorphae

Observer

rajiv238

Date

September 10, 2020 10:08 AM IST

Place

Sector 46 (Google, OSM)
Typical Spiders - Photo (c) Rick McNelly, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Typical Spiders (Suborder Araneomorphae)
Added on September 22, 2020.
Improving

Photos / Sounds

What

Typical Spiders Suborder Araneomorphae

Observer

elinakoleva

Date

July 6, 2020 09:40 AM +03
Typical Spiders - Photo (c) Rick McNelly, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Typical Spiders (Suborder Araneomorphae)
Added on September 22, 2020.
Improving

Photos / Sounds

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Observer

ernesthwilliams

Date

August 16, 2020 08:48 AM UTC

Description

NUMBER: 20200816
SPECIES: Caribbean Stinkhorn, Clathrus crispus (Turpin, 1820) (hereafter CS)[1]
NUMBER; DURATION: 15; staggered fruiting over 66 days, in 2 series (12-17 June, 5-16 August), usually 1 at a time (Table 1).
DISTINCTIONS: Lattice usually red in color, countersunk around the openings, and has supposedly definitive "coronas" around each of the openings in the lattice, which appear radially grooved or as corrugated rims (Figs. A).

Table 1. Fruiting Bodies of Caribbean Stinkhorn in a Study Area for a Year
Observation
Date iNaturalist
Number Direction
from tree Distance
(Meters) No.

06 August 2019 32416406 - - - - - - 21*

12 June 2020 58946734 ESE 1.01, 1.01 2
13 June 2020 59004237 ESE 0.98, 1.00 2
14 June 2020 59014238 ESE 0.94, 0.97 2
17 June 2020 59015551 NNW 1.02 1

05 August 2020 59062109 S 0.38, 1.52 2
09 August 2020 59087687 SSE 1.22 1
10 August 2020 59091160 S 0.91 1
11 August 2020 59099857 S 0.53 1
12 August 2020 59102799 E 2.44 1
13 August 2020 59827523 S 2.59 1
16 August 2020 59937748 S 1.37 1

15*
*Total

FRUITING: In 2019 there were 21 fruit in 51 days. In 2020, 15 fruit in 66 days. However, there was a 16-day gap without fruiting in 2020 (Table 1) making the actual fruiting days almost the same [2019=51 days, 2020=50 days]. Despite 2 years of fruiting, we could find no spread to any adjacent areas.
SIMILAR SPECIES: Latticed Stinkhorn, Clathrus ruber Micheli ex Person, 1801, (hereafter LS) aka Basket Stinkhorn, Red Cage (translation of scientific name), or Witch’s Heart. This fungus can be all but identical in its morphologies with CS except the lattice external surfaces are flat or wrinkled, and edges of the openings are straight (parallel), not countersunk. The coronas of CS can be much less distinct than the literature would have one believe. Confused identifications between these species are entirely understandable. The only consistence morphologically distinguishing difference appears to be the countersunk (CS) vs. straight (LS) sides of the openings. LS is often reported from Florida, but these are apparently misidentifications of CS.
STUDY AREA: Two small openings between low bushes in partial tree shade. Surfaces well-drained and covered in wood mulch.
LOCATION: unnamed road off 1000 Lely Palms Drive, Naples, FL 34113
LATITUDE, LONGITUDE: 26°6’27.28” N, 81°42’52.43” W (26.107578, -81.714564)
DISTRIBUTION: It is of New World origin now occurring in the Caribbean, Florida (USA), and Central and South America. The literature is somewhat irregular in the treatment of CS and LS, but, in general, CS is considered tropical, and LS temperate. CS “appears with some frequency in Florida” (Kuo, 2006b).
LS is native to the Mediterranean area but has been spread around the world apparently in mulch. Records in Florida (USA), the Caribbean (including Puerto Rico[2]), and Japan were based on misidentifications (Kuo, 2006a,b, 2011). All “LS” specimens or photos we have examined from Florida were actually CS. We will eventually examine specimens of ‘LS’ at the Florida Museum of Natural History (Rosanne Healy, Fungi Collection Manager, pers. comm.).
BEHAVIOR: Fruiting bodies that emerge during periods with low moisture are slow to emerge, stunted, and incomplete. Adequate moisture appears to be necessary for proper fruit development. We observed these four times.
ODOR: Stinkhorns’ smell of rotting flesh, which attracts the flies that spread the spores. It probably also protects the fruiting body from predation. Strangely, EHW is not able to smell this odor (specific anosmia). Otherwise his ability to sense odors seems normal. We have not seen the condition previously mentioned for this fungus.
DANGER: The vulva “egg” is reported to be eatable and is pickled raw in Europe and fried in China. Fables and folklore claim the fruit body “receptacle” is poisonous, but this is not supported by evidence. Its smell of rotted meat is enough to discourage tasting. We have not braved a taste test.
PHOTOGRAPH: by EHW
IMPORTANCE: This report details daily observations of fruiting bodies for a year following our last study (Williams and Bunkley-Williams, 2019).
OBSERVERS: Dr. Ernest H. Williams, Jr.,[3,4,6,7] and Dr. Lucy Bunkley-Williams[3,5,6,8]
AFILIATIONS, ADDRESSES: [3]Extraordinary Professors, Potchefstroom Campus, North-West University, South Africa; Adjunct Professors, Research Field Station, Florida Gulf Coast University, 5164 Bonita Beach Road, Bonita Springs, FL 34134; [4]Dept. Marine Sciences, University of Puerto Rico (retired); [5]Dept. Biology, UPR (retired); [6]Villa Marittima, Lely Palms Community, 920 St. Andrews Blvd, Naples, FL 34113-8943; [7]e-mail ermest.williams1@upr.edu; cell 239-227-3645, ORCID 0000-0003-0913-3013; [8]Cell 787-467-2179, e-mail lucy.williams1@upr.edu, ORCID 0000-0003-1390-911x.
REFERENCES:
Kuo, M. 2006a. Clathrus ruber. MushroomExpert.com Web Site. https://www.mushroomexpert.com/clathrus_ruber.html
Kuo, M. 2006b. Clathrus crispus. MushroomExpert.com Web Site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/clathrus_crispus.html
Kuo, M. 2011. Stinkhorns: Phallaceae and Clathraceae. MushroomExpert.com web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/phallaceae.html
Maldoado-Ramirez, S. L. and H. Torres-Pratts. 2005. First report of Clathrus cf crispus (Basidiomycota: Clathraceae) occurring on decomposing leaves of Rhizophora mangle in Puerto Rico. Caribbean Journal of Science 41: 357-359.
Williams, E. H., Jr. and L. Bunkley-Williams. 2019. Occurrences of Caribbean Stinkhorn (suggested common name), Clathrus crispus (Turpin, 1820) in Naples, Florida; resolving identification confusion between it and Latticed Stinkhorn, Clathrus ruber Micheli ex Person, 1801, in Florida; corrections; and first specific anosmia. Research Quality Report #32416406, iNaturalist.org, 9 September (open access) [428]
Williams, E. H., Jr. and L. Bunkley-Williams. 2020. A yearlong study of fruiting in the Caribbean Stinkhorn, Clathrus crispus (Turpin, 1820) in Lely Palms, Naples, Florida. iNaturalist Research Quality Report #59937748, 17 September (open access) [522]
FOOTNOTES:
[1]Identification was peer-reviewed, text edited and condensed. The entire, original text is in our available reprint 522.
[2]We never saw it there in 45 years and EHW had a PhD student working on fungi in the mangroves (Maldoado-Ramirez and Torres-Pratts, 2005).

Clathrus crispus - Photo (c) Luis Trinchan, all rights reserved
jacksonnugent's ID: Clathrus crispus, a member of Cage Stinkhorns (Genus Clathrus)
Added on September 18, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

Square

Observer

cindyglick

Date

September 16, 2020 05:17 PM UTC
Clathrus crispus - Photo (c) Luis Trinchan, all rights reserved
jacksonnugent's ID: Clathrus crispus, a member of Cage Stinkhorns (Genus Clathrus)
Added on September 18, 2020.
Improving

Photos / Sounds

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Observer

rover-rod

Date

September 8, 2020 10:13 AM AEST
Scolopendra laeta - Photo (c) liz_macraild, all rights reserved
jacksonnugent's ID: Scolopendra laeta, a member of Giant Centipedes (Genus Scolopendra)
Added on September 17, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Orange-footed Centipede Cormocephalus aurantiipes

Observer

trevorpescott

Date

September 8, 2020 10:43 AM AEST
Orange-footed Centipede - Photo (c) Geoffrey Cox, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Orange-footed Centipede (Cormocephalus aurantiipes)
Added on September 17, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Orange-footed Centipede Cormocephalus aurantiipes

Observer

b_martin_

Date

September 13, 2020
Orange-footed Centipede - Photo (c) Geoffrey Cox, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Orange-footed Centipede (Cormocephalus aurantiipes)
Added on September 17, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Australian House Centipede Allothereua maculata

Observer

carleyroesler

Date

September 16, 2020 08:01 PM ACST
Australian House Centipede - Photo (c) Jackson Nugent, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Australian House Centipede (Allothereua maculata)
Added on September 17, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

What

Orange-footed Centipede Cormocephalus aurantiipes

Observer

bernie-l

Date

September 17, 2020 09:33 AM AEST
Orange-footed Centipede - Photo (c) Geoffrey Cox, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Orange-footed Centipede (Cormocephalus aurantiipes)
Added on September 17, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Westwood's Green Centipede Cormocephalus westwoodi

Observer

cbayley

Date

September 17, 2020 03:53 PM AEST

Description

3cm
Found in the wood pile

Westwood's Green Centipede - Photo (c) Victor W Fazio III, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Westwood's Green Centipede (Cormocephalus westwoodi)
Added on September 17, 2020.
Improving

Photos / Sounds

What

Giant Desert Centipede Scolopendra heros

Observer

katiehalter

Date

September 16, 2020 10:30 AM MDT
Giant Desert Centipede - Photo (c) alebolado, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Giant Desert Centipede (Scolopendra heros)
Added on September 17, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

What

Orange-footed Centipede Cormocephalus aurantiipes

Observer

davidsando

Date

September 16, 2020 08:28 AM ACST
Orange-footed Centipede - Photo (c) Geoffrey Cox, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Orange-footed Centipede (Cormocephalus aurantiipes)
Added on September 16, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Devil's Dipstick Mutinus elegans

Observer

springfevah

Date

September 13, 2020 10:14 AM EDT
Devil's Dipstick - Photo (c) anhe, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Devil's Dipstick (Mutinus elegans)
Added on September 16, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

Observer

jonathanjohnson1

Date

September 15, 2020 03:47 PM AWST
Scolopendra hainanum - Photo (c) WK Cheng, all rights reserved
jacksonnugent's ID: Scolopendra hainanum, a member of Giant Centipedes (Genus Scolopendra)
Added on September 16, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

What

Orange-footed Centipede Cormocephalus aurantiipes

Observer

wcornwell

Date

September 6, 2020 12:14 PM AEST
Orange-footed Centipede - Photo (c) Geoffrey Cox, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Orange-footed Centipede (Cormocephalus aurantiipes)
Added on September 11, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Stinkhorn Phallus impudicus

Observer

enzikpl

Date

September 9, 2020 10:54 AM CEST
Stinkhorn - Photo (c) Chris Moody, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Stinkhorn (Phallus impudicus)
Added on September 11, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

What

Common Centipedes Genus Cormocephalus

Observer

swainsona1

Date

September 10, 2020 05:23 PM AEST
Common Centipedes - Photo (c) Cheryl Macaulay, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Common Centipedes (Genus Cormocephalus)
Added on September 11, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Giant Desert Centipede Scolopendra heros

Observer

nbnaturalist

Date

September 10, 2020 08:19 AM UTC
Giant Desert Centipede - Photo (c) alebolado, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Giant Desert Centipede (Scolopendra heros)
Added on September 11, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

Observer

dianaflores1

Date

September 6, 2020 12:00 PM EDT
Clathrus crispus - Photo (c) Luis Trinchan, all rights reserved
jacksonnugent's ID: Clathrus crispus, a member of Cage Stinkhorns (Genus Clathrus)
Added on September 07, 2020.
Improving

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Stinkhorns Family Phallaceae

Observer

bbuzas

Date

August 19, 2020 02:19 PM EDT
Wrinkly Stinkhorn - Photo (c) Eric Wood, all rights reserved
jacksonnugent's ID: Wrinkly Stinkhorn (Phallus rugulosus)
Added on September 07, 2020.
Leading

Photos / Sounds

Observer

lopezjg5

Date

December 17, 2016 12:18 PM UTC
Lysurus periphragmoides - Photo (c) Eric Paulus, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Lysurus periphragmoides, a member of Stinkhorns (Family Phallaceae)
Added on September 07, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Orange-footed Centipede Cormocephalus aurantiipes

Observer

kushi79

Date

September 6, 2020 11:26 AM ACST
Orange-footed Centipede - Photo (c) Geoffrey Cox, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Orange-footed Centipede (Cormocephalus aurantiipes)
Added on September 06, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Devil's Dipstick Mutinus elegans

Observer

ashley_bradford

Date

September 5, 2020 01:42 PM EDT
Devil's Dipstick - Photo (c) anhe, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
jacksonnugent's ID: Devil's Dipstick (Mutinus elegans)
Added on September 06, 2020.
Supporting

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Arthropods Phylum Arthropoda

Observer

connerbelue

Date

September 4, 2020 09:58 PM UTC

Place

Landrum (Google, OSM)
Crustaceans - Photo (c) Jenny, all rights reserved
jacksonnugent's ID: Crustaceans (Subphylum Crustacea)
Added on September 06, 2020.
Leading

Stats

  • 7366