martinax Curator

Joined: Oct 18, 2022 Last Active: Jul 22, 2024 iNaturalist

I am interested in Ramaria. Due to the cheer number of Ramaria observation I review I usually don't comment on every single ID unless a lot of effort has been put into it. Feel free to tag or message me with questions and I'll be happy to answer or explain how to tell different genera or species apart.

Genera of coralloid fungi
If I have tagged your find as Gomphaceae it means that it's hard to tell if the observation belongs to the genus Phaeoclavulina or to the genus Ramaria. If I've tagged it as Gomphales it might be a Lentaria as well.

Commonly misapplied names
Ramaria formosa, Ramaria flava, Ramaria aurea and Ramaria botrytis are European species. Even though the names are frequently used in American litterature there is currently no evidence that they exists in North, Central or South America. An epiptype has recently been designated for each and they currently have no DNA-sequence matches outside of Europe.

Literature and notes by continent
North America - Pacific Northwest
The name Ramaria rasilispora is often erroneously used for any yellow Ramaria. Ronald Exeter et. al. has done a good job of describing it in the 2007 Ramaria of the Pacific Northwest which may be found free of charge here (link).

Ronald Exeter, Lorelei Norvell and Efren Cazares have done a good job of describing many Ramaria of the Pacific Northwest in their 2007 Ramaria of the Pacific Northwest book. It may be found free of charge here (link). Another great resource for PNW Ramaria is Danny Miller's project website (link), see Ramaria subgenus Ramaria and subgenus Laeticolora as well as the the pictoral key here (link).

The most up to date and authoratitave work on Ramaria is Franchi & M. Marchetti's I Funghi Clavarioidi in Italia (2022) link to reseller.

South America

  • Ramaria patagonica is briefly described as "pale yellow" in the 2022 paper Diversity of the genus Ramaria in the Patagonian Andes Forests of Argentina. The two pictures of R. patagonica in the paper are problematic: a) they are blurry, b) they are not of a picked fruiting body (i.e. doesn't show the stipe) and c) the fruiting body is clearly not pale yellow (as it's described in the text). The paper only has pictures of two somewhat yellow species; extrapolating from US and European Ramaria diversity there are likely 20+ undescribed yellowish species in the area. The paper doesn't either go into what distinguishes R. patagonica from other yellow species. At this point additional characters, such as detailed microscopic workup, are needed to ID it as there are no known morphological characteristics distinguishing in from other yellow Ramaria species.

New Zeeland
See this link for one of the most up to date taxonomic tree of Phaeoclavulina and Ramaria by J.A. Cooper. Also see 'The clavarioid fungi of New Zealand' (1988) by R.H. Petersen here (link).

  • Phaeoclavulina sp. 'Mt Lees (PDD 107111)' J.A. Cooper ined. 2023 link.
  • Phaeoclavulina sp. 'Rakaitane (PDD 112593)' J.A. Cooper ined. 2020 link.
  • Phaeoclavulina sp. 'Eskdale (PDD 112589)' J.A. Cooper ined 2023 link.
  • Phaeoclavulina sp. 'Waipoa (PDD 107018)' J.A. Cooper ined. link.
  • Ramaria sp. 'Arthurs Pass (PDD 95753)' J.A. Cooper ined. 2017 link.
  • Ramaria sp. 'Awakere (PDD 113535)' J.A. Cooper ined. 2022 link.
  • Ramaria sp. 'Clements Mill Rd (PDD 115025)' J.A. Cooper ined. 2023 link.
  • Ramaria sp. 'Coal Creek (PDD 112590)' J.A. Cooper ined. 2023 link.
  • Ramaria sp. 'Klondyke (PDD 96473)' J.A. Cooper ined. 2019 link.
  • Ramaria sp. 'Rotokuru Lakes (PDD 808270' J.A. Cooper ined. 2017 link.
  • Ramaria sp. 'Speargrass Flat (PDD 106964)' J.A. Cooper ined. 2020 link.
  • Ramaria sp. 'Totaranui (PDD 105669)' J.A. Cooper ined. 2023 link.

Pat and Ed Grey have written a concise overview of many Ramaria in Australia: see A little book of corals (link).

  • Ramaria capitata. For good reference pictures see Grey's A little book of corals in Australia (link) as well as the paper Australian Coralloid Fungi I – Ramaria capitata (link).
  • Ramaria australiana see AM Young's description here (link).


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