2960 thumb Reptiles of Alabama

This guide is a reference for identifying species of alligators, lizards, snakes and turtles reported from Alabama. If you have additions or corrections please send them to jpfriel@ua.edu. Another useful resource for help with identification is ...more ↓

Small
American Alligator 1
Alligator mississippiensis
Small
Green Anole 2
Anolis carolinensis
Small
Brown Anole 3
Anolis sagrei
Small
Cuban brown anole 4
Anolis sagrei sagrei
Small
Eastern Slender Glass Lizard 5
Ophisaurus attenuatus
Small
Mimic Glass Lizard 1
Ophisaurus mimicus
Small
Eastern Glass Lizard 6
Ophisaurus ventralis
Small
Eastern Fence Lizard 7
Sceloporus undulatus
Small
Little Brown Skink 8
Scincella lateralis
Small
Coal Skink 5
Plestiodon anthracinus
Small
Northern Mole Skink 5
Plestiodon egregius
Small
Common Five-lined Skink 9
Plestiodon fasciatus
Small
Southeastern Five-lined Skink 10
Plestiodon inexpectatus
Small
Broad-headed Skink 11
Plestiodon laticeps
Small
Mediterranean House Gecko 8
Hemidactylus turcicus
Small
Six-lined Racerunner 6
Aspidoscelis sexlineata
Small
Ringneck Snake 8
Diadophis punctatus
Small
Southern Ringneck Snake 12
Diadophis punctatus punctatus
Small
Racer 13
Coluber constrictor
Small
Southern Black Racer 14
Coluber constrictor priapus
Small
Coachwhip 15
Coluber flagellum
Small
Scarlet Snake 8
Cemophora coccinea
Small
Northern Scarlet Snake 16
Cemophora coccinea copei
Small
Eastern Worm Snake 17
Carphophis amoenus
Small
Rough Earthsnake 17
Virginia striatula
Small
Eastern Earth Snake 18
Virginia valeriae valeriae
Small
Ribbon Snake 19
Thamnophis sauritus
Small
Common Garter Snake 20
Thamnophis sirtalis
Small
Eastern Garter Snake 21
Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis
Small
Southeastern Crowned Snake 17
Tantilla coronata
Small
Brown Snake 22
Storeria dekayi
Small
Midland Brown Snake 23
Storeria dekayi wrightorum
Small
Redbelly Snake 5
Storeria occipitomaculata
Small
Black Swampsnake 6
Seminatrix pygaea
Small
Pine Woods Littersnake 5
Rhadinaea flavilata
Small
Striped Crayfish Snake 5
Regina alleni
Small
Glossy Crayfish Snake 17
Regina rigida
Small
Queen Snake 24
Regina septemvittata
Small
pine snake 15
Pituophis melanoleucus
Small
Rough Green Snake 25
Opheodrys aestivus
Small
Mississippi Green Watersnake 5
Nerodia cyclopion
Small
Plain-bellied Water Snake 26
Nerodia erythrogaster
Small
Yellowbelly Water Snake 6
Nerodia erythrogaster flavigaster
Small
Banded Water Snake 6
Nerodia fasciata
Small
Southern Banded Water Snake 4
Nerodia fasciata fasciata
Small
Florida Green Watersnake 6
Nerodia floridana
Small
Diamondback Watersnake 18
Nerodia rhombifer
Small
Northern Watersnake 18
Nerodia sipedon
Small
Northern Water Snake 27
Nerodia sipedon sipedon
Small
Brown Watersnake 6
Nerodia taxispilota
Small
Yellow-bellied Kingsnake 17
Lampropeltis calligaster
Small
Common Kingsnake 28
Lampropeltis getula
Small
Black Kingsnake 29
Lampropeltis nigra
Small
Eastern Hognose Snake 30
Heterodon platirhinos
Small
Southern Hog-nosed Snake 5
Heterodon simus
Small
Mud Snake 6
Farancia abacura
Small
Rainbow Snake 5
Farancia erytrogramma
Small
Eastern Indigo Snake 31
Drymarchon couperi
Small
Eastern Rat Snake 32
Pantherophis alleghaniensis
Small
Corn Snake 6
Pantherophis guttatus
Small
Gray Ratsnake 33
Pantherophis spiloides
Small
Eastern Coral Snake 34
Micrurus fulvius
Small
Copperhead 7
Agkistrodon contortrix
Small
Southern Copperhead 35
Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix
Small
Cottonmouth 6
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Small
Western Cottonmouth 6
Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Small
Eastern Cottonmouth 5
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Small
Timber Rattlesnake 36
Crotalus horridus
Small
Pygmy Rattlesnake 6
Sistrurus miliarius
Small
Dusky Pigmy Rattlesnake 4
Sistrurus miliarius barbouri
Small
Gulf Coast Smooth Softshell 40
Apalone mutica calvata
Small
Midland Smooth Softshell 41
Apalone mutica mutica
Small
Eastern Spiny Softshell 42
Apalone spinifera
Small
Spiny Soft-Shell Turtle 42
Apalone spinifera spinifera
Small
Common Snapping Turtle 43
Chelydra serpentina
Small
Alligator Snapping Turtle 44
Macrochelys temminckii
Small
Razor-backed Musk Turtle 45
Sternotherus carinatus
Small
Flattened Musk Turtle 46
Sternotherus depressus
Small
Stripe-necked Musk Turtle 5
Sternotherus minor
Small
Common Musk Turtle 47
Sternotherus odoratus
Small
Eastern Mud Turtle 25
Kinosternon subrubrum
Small
Western Chicken Turtle 48
Deirochelys reticularia
Small
Southern Painted Turtle 49
Chrysemys dorsalis
Small
Painted Turtle 50
Chrysemys picta
Small
Pond Slider 33
Trachemys scripta
Small
Red-eared Slider 51
Trachemys scripta elegans
Small
Common Box Turtle 52
Terrapene carolina
Small
Eastern Box Turtle 53
Terrapene carolina carolina
Small
Three-toed Box Turtle 54
Terrapene carolina triunguis
Small
Alabama Red-bellied Turtle 55
Pseudemys alabamensis
Small
River Cooter 56
Pseudemys concinna
Small
Coastal Plain Cooter 57
Pseudemys concinna floridana
Small
Northern Diamondback Terrapin 5
Malaclemys terrapin
Small
Barbour's Map Turtle 5
Graptemys barbouri

Edited by alabamaherpsociety, John P. Friel, PhD, and markbailey, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA)

Photo Credits

  • 1. (c) Ryan Somma, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA)
  • 2. (c) Roberto R. Calderón, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
  • 3. (c) Richard Crook, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
  • 4. (c) 2011 Todd Pierson, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
  • 5. (c) Todd Pierson, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • 6. (c) tom spinker, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
  • 7. (c) Jerry Oldenettel, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • 8. (c) A. Jaszlics, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
  • 9. (c) Vicki's Nature, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
  • 10. (c) 2014 James H. Harding, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
  • 11. (c) 113601091038034606961, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA), uploaded by Angela
  • 12. (c) Vincent Murphy, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • 13. (c) Josh Henderson, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA)
  • 14. (c) crookrw, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
  • 15. (c) Kerry Matz, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • 16. (c) Ashley Tubbs, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
  • 17. (c) Zack, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • 18. (c) Douglas Mills, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
  • 19. (c) Larry Meade, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • 20. (c) Brian Gratwicke, some rights reserved (CC BY)
  • 21. (c) Ken-ichi Ueda, some rights reserved (CC BY)
  • 22. (c) John, some rights reserved (CC BY)
  • 23. (c) Matthew Niemiller, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
  • 24. (c) Jane, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • 25. (c) Patrick Coin, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • 26. (c) Leah Heady, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
  • 27. (c) mrdorkesq, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA)
  • 28. (c) 1999 California Academy of Sciences, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • 29. (c) Sara Viernum, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
  • 30. (c) L A, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
  • 31. (c) Kristen Ortwerth-Jewell, some rights reserved (CC BY)
  • 32. (c) Mike Keeling, some rights reserved (CC BY-ND)
  • 33. (c) J. N. Stuart, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND), uploaded by James N. Stuart
  • 34. (c) Bethany Harvey, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • 35. (c) Patrick Feller, some rights reserved (CC BY)
  • 36. (c) Tad Arensmeier, some rights reserved (CC BY)
  • 37. (c) Mathieu Bertrand Struck, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
  • 38. (c) Nick Miller, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • 39. (c) Arrowhead Reptile Rescue, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
  • 40. (c) dianaterryhibbitts, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by Diana-Terry Hibbitts
  • 41. (c) Joe Coelho, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • 42. (c) Erin and Lance Willett, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
  • 43. (c) Karim Rezk, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
  • 44. (c) Pandiyan V, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • 45. (c) Photographer: LA Dawson, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA)
  • 46. anonymous, no known copyright restrictions (public domain)
  • 47. (c) Alan Wolf, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
  • 48. (c) Gabriel Kamener, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • 49. (c) Micheal Jewel, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • 50. (c) J. N. Stuart, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
  • 51. (c) Syd Phillips, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
  • 52. (c) Lisa Brown, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
  • 53. (c) ANDREA JANDA, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
  • 54. (c) dcp, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
  • 55. (c) Steve W. Gotte, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • 56. (c) bathyporeia, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • 57. (c) FlaPack, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)

Is this inappropriate, spam, or offensive? Add a Flag